Machaut, Guillaume de (c1300-1377)
Guillaume de Machaut composing music for the lady (from Le Voir Dit)

Guillaume de Machaut

born: c1300
died: 13 April 1377
country: France

Guillaume de Machaut (c1300–1377) is considered now, as he was in his own day, the most significant French poet and composer of the fourteenth century. Sometimes described as ‘the last of the trouvères’ because of his dual talents as wordsmith and musician, Machaut built on past traditions yet spearheaded a new school of lyric composition. In the field of literature, he developed several of the poetic forms and genres that dominated for generations to come. His impact on the musical life of his age was equally profound; he is closely associated with the new style of polyphonic love-song that became so popular in the fourteenth century, and today is considered the supreme representative of the Ars nova musical tradition that revolutionized composition and notation in that period.

Machaut enjoyed the patronage of some of the ruling families of medieval Europe. For some thirty years he served Jehan of Luxembourg, King of Bohemia, whose famously heroic demise at the Battle of Crécy in 1346 is recounted by Machaut’s contemporary Jehan Froissart in his chronicle of the Hundred Years War. Through his late master Machaut enjoyed close contacts with the French royal family, especially Jehan’s daughter, Bonne, and her husband, King Jehan II of France (reigned 1350–64), their offspring, the future Charles V and Jehan, Duke of Berry, a great connoisseur of the arts, and their son-in-law Charles of Navarre. Machaut’s relationships with the great and the good are reflected in the large legacy of works he bequeathed, which includes several lengthy narrative poems called dits, many lyric poems, an unparalleled corpus of love-songs, as well as motets and a setting of the Mass. Machaut’s status as poet-composer in his own day led to eager demand for copies of his works amongst the elite, and, in his own lifetime and soon after, a series of sumptuous anthologies was produced in Paris to satisfy this demand; several of these books survive today in the collections of the Bibliothèque nationale de France and other libraries. Amongst the owners of books of Machaut were members of the ruling Valois dynasty and their family and political associates at home and abroad, including Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy, Giangaleazzo Visconti, Duke of Milan, the turbulent Gaston ‘Febus’ of Foix, and the King and Queen of Aragon. Lesser aristocrats equally aspired to possess copies; books of Machaut, it seems, became highly desirable commodities in the late fourteenth century.

from notes by Yolanda Plumley © 2013

Albums

Machaut: Messe de Notre Dame
CDA66358
Machaut: Songs from Le Voir Dit
Studio Master: CDA67727Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
Machaut: The dart of love
CDA68008To be issued soon 2 February 2015 Release
Machaut: The Mirror of Narcissus
CDA66087Archive Service
Lancaster and Valois
CDH55294Helios (Hyperion's budget label)
Sacred & Secular Music
CDH55148Helios (Hyperion's budget label)
The Emma Kirkby Collection
This album is not yet available for downloadCDA66227
The Medieval Romantics
CDH55293Helios (Hyperion's budget label)
The Spirits of England & France, Vol. 1
CDH55281Helios (Hyperion's budget label)
The Spirits of England & France, Vol. 3
CDH55283Helios (Hyperion's budget label)
The Study of Love
CDH55295Helios (Hyperion's budget label)

Complete works available for download

Amours me fait desirerGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
Ay mi, dame de valourThe Orlando Consort February 2015 Release
Ay mi, dame de valourLeigh Nixon (tenor)
Biauté qui toutes autres pereGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
C'est force, faire le weilGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor), Andrew Tusa (tenor)
Comment qu'a moy lonteinneGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor), Margaret Philpot (alto)
Dame, a quiColin Mason (baritone)
Dame, a vous sans retollirEmma Kirkby (soprano)
Dame, de qui toute ma joie vientGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
Dame, je sui cils / Fins cuers dous / Fins cuers dousThe Orlando Consort February 2015 Release
Dame, je sui cils / Fins cuers dous / Fins cuers dousGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
Dame, je sui cils / Fins cuers dous / Fins cuers dousGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
Dame, je vueil endurerMargaret Philpot (alto)
Dame, mon cuer en vous remaintGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
Dame, se vous n'avez aperceüThe Orlando Consort
Dis et sept, cinqThe Orlando Consort
Donnez, signeursGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
Douce dame jolieMargaret Philpot (alto)
Foy porter, honneur garderEmma Kirkby (soprano)
Helas, tant ay doleur et peinneThe Orlando Consort February 2015 Release
Il m'est avis qu'il n'est dons de natureThe Orlando Consort February 2015 Release
Il m'est avis qu'il n'est dons de natureGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
Inviolata genitrix / Felix virgo / Contratenor / Ad te suspiramusGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
Je vivroie liementEmily van Evera (soprano)
Lasse! comment oublieray / Se j'aim mon loial amy / Pour quoy me bat mes maris?The Orlando Consort February 2015 Release
Le Lai de la FonteinneThe Hilliard Ensemble
Longuement me sui tenus 'Le lay de Bon Esperance'The Orlando Consort
Ma fin est mon commencementThe Hilliard Ensemble
Messe de Notre DameThe Hilliard Ensemble
Ne que on porroitThe Orlando Consort
Pas de tor en thies paisGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
Phyton, le mervilleus serpentThe Orlando Consort February 2015 Release
Plourés damesThe Orlando Consort
Pour ce que tous mes chans faisThe Orlando Consort February 2015 Release
Puis qu'en oubliThe Orlando Consort
Quand je ne voyGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
Quant en moy / Amour et biauté parfaite / Amara valdeThe Orlando Consort February 2015 Release
Quant je sui misThe Hilliard Ensemble
Quant Theseus / Ne quier veoirThe Orlando Consort
Riches d'amourGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
Rose, lis, printemps, verdureThe Orlando Consort February 2015 Release
Rose, lis, printemps, verdureGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
S'Amours ne fait par sa grace adoucirThe Orlando Consort February 2015 Release
Sans cuer dolensThe Orlando Consort
Sans cuer, m'en vois / Amis dolens / Dame, par vousThe Orlando Consort February 2015 Release
Se mesdisansRogers Covey-Crump (tenor)
Se pour ce muirThe Orlando Consort
Se vous n'estes pour mon guerredon neeThe Orlando Consort February 2015 Release
Tant doucement me sens emprisonnesGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
Tres bonne et belleGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
Trop plus / Biauté paree / Je ne suisGothic Voices, Christopher Page (conductor)
Tuit mi penserRogers Covey-Crump (tenor)

Alphabetical listing of all musical works

Amours me fait desirer (Machaut)
Ay mi, dame de valour (Machaut)
Biauté qui toutes autres pere (Machaut)
Ces trois un a po de pienne, assez prouver puis  
C'est celle qui par ordonnance  
C'est force, faire le weil (Machaut)
Comment qu'a moy lonteinne (Machaut)
Dame, a qui (Machaut)
Dame, a vous sans retollir (Machaut)
Dame, de qui toute ma joie vient (Machaut)
Dame, je sui cils / Fins cuers dous / Fins cuers dous (Machaut)
Dame, je vueil endurer (Machaut)
Dame, mon cuer en vous remaint (Machaut)
Dame, se vous n'avez aperceü (Machaut)
De la duis le Pere nomme  
Dis et sept, cinq (Machaut)
Donnez, signeurs (Machaut)
Douce dame jolie (Machaut)
Et ou pourroit on querir  
Et pour ce di que cil troy de no foy  
Et qui de ceste eaue prendroit  
Foy porter, honneur garder (Machaut)
He! fonteinne de concorde  
Helas, tant ay doleur et peinne (Machaut)
Il m'est avis qu'il n'est dons de nature (Machaut)
Inviolata genitrix / Felix virgo / Contratenor / Ad te suspiramus (Machaut)
Je ne cesse de prier a ma dame chiere  
Je vivroie liement (Machaut)
Lasse! comment oublieray / Se j'aim mon loial amy / Pour quoy me bat mes maris? (Machaut)
Le Lai de la Fonteinne (Machaut)
Longuement me sui tenus 'Le lay de Bon Esperance' (Machaut)
Ma fin est mon commencement (Machaut)
Mais ceste trinité est en eternité  
Mais de tel confort com de plourer fort  
Messe de Notre Dame (Machaut)
Ne que on porroit (Machaut)
Pas de tor en thies pais (Machaut)
Phyton, le mervilleus serpent (Machaut)
Plourés dames (Machaut)
Pour ce que tous mes chans fais (Machaut)
Pour ce te pri  
Pour laver et nettoier  
Puis qu'en oubli (Machaut)
Quand je ne voy (Machaut)
Quant en moy / Amour et biauté parfaite / Amara valde (Machaut)
Quant je sui mis (Machaut)
Quant Theseus / Ne quier veoir (Machaut)
Riches d'amour (Machaut)
Rose, lis, printemps, verdure (Machaut)
S'Amours ne fait par sa grace adoucir (Machaut)
Sans cuer dolens (Machaut)
Sans cuer, m'en vois / Amis dolens / Dame, par vous (Machaut)
Se mesdisans (Machaut)
Se pour ce muir (Machaut)
Se vous n'estes pour mon guerredon nee (Machaut)
Tant doucement me sens emprisonnes (Machaut)
Tres bonne et belle (Machaut)
Trop plus / Biauté paree / Je ne suis (Machaut)
Tuit mi penser (Machaut)