From the start Kreisler programmed his own pieces in recitals; but in about 1905 he started passing some off as works by composers of the past, even writing a ‘Vivaldi’ concerto. His excuse was that ‘when I was desirous of enlarging my programmes … I found it impudent and tactless to repeat my name endlessly on the programmes’. As only a relative handful of Baroque and Classical works were then known, no one spotted that his Vivaldi sounded nothing like real Vivaldi and that other pieces were also pastiches. It is amusing to read critics lambasting Kreisler for daring to play his own trifles on the same programmes as these superb pieces by great composers such as Pugnani and Couperin! Kreisler bare-facedly told one journalist that he ‘discovered a collection of MSS, music in the possession of the monks who inhabit one of the oldest monasteries in Europe, and so anxious was he to have them for his own that he copied one of the pieces on his shirt-cuff. To this the monks objected, and eventually Kreisler, after much persuasion, succeeded in purchasing the whole collection for a considerable sum of money’. In 1909 he told the New York Times: ‘I discovered the pieces in an old convent in the south of France. I have altogether 53 manuscripts of this sort in my possession. Five of them are more or less valueless. Forty-eight of them are gems.’ As years went by, style-conscious colleagues began to smell a rat. As early as 1910, Kreisler was ticked off by the Berlin critic Leopold Schmidt for including his own Caprice viennois next to gems by Lanner, and had to point out that the ‘Lanner’ pieces were also by him—they were his Liebesfreud and Liebesleid. In that very year, fourteen of the fakes were published as ‘Classical Manuscripts’—the publisher Willy Strecker of Schott had offered Kreisler $1,000 for twenty pieces—and within six months 70,000 copies were sold.
Also in 1910, Kreisler premiered Elgar’s Violin Concerto, dedicated to him, in London with the composer conducting. After brief army service in the Great War, he was wounded and honourably discharged. Moving to New York, he was at first treated as a hero; but once the United States entered the war in 1917 the attitude of many Americans, especially those in the provinces, changed—accused of sending money to the Austrian army, he pointed out that the funds were for his ageing father and war orphans. Fans in the big cities stood by him but it took him several years to recover his former popularity. By contrast he was welcomed back to London in 1920. In 1923 he toured the Far East and in 1924 he moved into a new house in Berlin; but with the advent of the Nazis in 1933, he boycotted Germany over the treatment of his fellow Jews. In 1934 he instructed his American publisher, Carl Fischer, to list the ‘Classical Manuscripts’ as his own compositions in the 1935 catalogue; but this change was pre-empted when the New York Times critic, Olin Downes, was asked to give a lecture-recital with Yehudi Menuhin and started investigating the origins of the Praeludium and Allegro. Kreisler admitted it was his own work and his deception made front-page news worldwide. Most people were amused but the English critic Ernest Newman took a particularly huffy attitude. Following the Anschluss of Austria by Hitler in 1938, Kreisler became a French citizen, then emigrated to the United States. In 1941 he was hit by a truck while absent-mindedly crossing a New York street, and although he recovered and did not stop playing in public until 1950, he was never the same force again. He died in New York on 29 January 1962.
Kreisler’s compositions include two operettas and a string quartet. His popular pieces, some of which he recorded as many as six times, were published as Folksongs from Austria, Small Pieces, Classical Manuscripts, Masterworks of the Violin, Original Compositions and Transcriptions. They reflect his twin skills as a colorist on the violin and as a pianist—he and Harold Bauer once performed Beethoven’s ‘Kreutzer’ Violin Sonata in New York, then switched instruments to play it again at the after-concert party.
from notes by Tully Potter © 2014
Hyperion monthly sampler – April 2014
HYP201404 Download-only monthly sampler
Alphabetical listing of all musical works
|Caprice viennois, Op 2 (Kreisler)|
|Chanson Louis XIII and Pavane (Kreisler)|
|Danse espagnole Extract from La vida breve (Falla/Kreisler)|
|La chasse (Kreisler)|
|La vida breve (Falla/Kreisler)|
|Marche miniature viennoise (Kreisler)|
|Mazurka in E minor No 2 of Slavonic Dances, Op 72 (Dvořák/Kreisler)|
|Mélodie Act 2 Scene 2a, Ballo from Orfeo ed Euridice (Gluck/Kreisler)|
|Orfeo ed Euridice (Gluck/Kreisler)|
|Praeludium and Allegro (Kreisler)|
|Recitativo and Scherzo, Op 6 (Kreisler)|
|Schön Rosmarin (Kreisler)|
|Slavonic Dances, Op 72 (Dvořák/Kreisler)|
|Sonata in G minor 'Il trillo del Diavolo', Bg5 (Tartini/Kreisler)|
|String Quartet in A minor (Kreisler)|
|Tambourin chinois, Op 3 (Kreisler)|
|Toy Soldiers' March (Kreisler)|