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Hyperion Records

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The Nativity (detail) by Stefan Lochner (c1410-1451)
Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen , Alte Pinakotek, Munich / Artothek
Track(s) taken from CDH55463
Recording details: June 1997
St Paul's Cathedral, London, United Kingdom
Produced by Arthur Johnson
Engineered by Julian Millard
Release date: September 1997
Total duration: 5 minutes 21 seconds

'This truly rich advent feast is performed wonderfully well on all counts and can be highly recommended' (Organists' Review)

Ave Maria
composer
5vv ATTBarB; Christ Church, Oxford, MSS 984-988, The Dow Partbooks; late 1560s
author of text
Luke 1: 28b, 42b

Other recordings available for download
The Cardinall's Musick, Andrew Carwood (conductor)
Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor)
Magnificat, Philip Cave (conductor)
Introduction  EnglishFrançaisDeutsch
Ave Maria has become Parsons’ most famous and well-loved motet since it was included in the Oxford Book of Tudor Anthems in 1978. Settings of the Ave Maria are not frequent in England—even William Byrd only set them as required by the liturgy in his two books of Gradualia (1605 and 1607) rather than as stand-alone pieces. Parsons simply sets the lines found in the Gospel of St Luke and has no invocation for the dead (authorized by Pope Pius V in 1568). This is a magical setting and it is not surprising that there is a beautiful ‘Amen’ coda. Initially the piece gives the impression of using a cantus firmus in the top part but it is in fact free-composed throughout. Parsons starts each medius phrase one note higher than the previous one, beginning on F and then moving up to D with long slow notes before reaching ‘benedicta tu’ when it joins the other voices in equal importance. Paul Doe has suggested that this piece might have been prompted by the early promise or subsequent plight of Mary, Queen of Scots. There is no direct evidence for this but it is not unreasonable to consider Parsons and indeed most of the mid-sixteenth-century writers—Sheppard, Tallis, White, Mundy and Tye—as Catholic sympathizers. They seem more free, more expressive, more expansive and more brave in their Latin compositions and it is tempting to speculate that in setting words from Psalms 15 and 119, the Lamentations and the Funeral Responds, they were consciously producing music with a Catholic slant. In comparison their English works tend to be shorter and less virtuosic and even the fledgling Great Services are short on excellent material, but then these mid-sixteenth-century composers were creating a new genre not previously explored and were probably writing to fulfil a set of rules which were not entirely clear. England had to wait for another generation—headed by William Byrd, Thomas Weelkes and Thomas Morley—before writing in English could achieve greatness.

from notes by Andrew Carwood © 2011


Other albums featuring this work
'Byrd, Parsons & White: Where late the sweet birds sang' (CKD417)
Byrd, Parsons & White: Where late the sweet birds sang
MP3 £8.00FLAC £10.00ALAC £10.00 CKD417  Download only  
'Miserere' (CDA67938)
Miserere
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £10.50 Studio Master: FLAC 24-bit 88.2 kHz £12.00ALAC 24-bit 88.2 kHz £12.00 CDA67938  Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
'Parsons: Sacred Music' (CDA67874)
Parsons: Sacred Music
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £10.50 Studio Master: FLAC 24-bit 44.1 kHz £9.00ALAC 24-bit 44.1 kHz £9.00 CDA67874  Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available

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