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Hyperion Records

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Phoenix. A glass window specially designed, made and photographed by Malcolm Crowthers.
Track(s) taken from CDS44461/7
Recording details: December 1996
Abbaye Royale de Fontevraud, France
Produced by John Hayward-Warburton
Engineered by Ken Blair
Release date: September 1999
Total duration: 6 minutes 53 seconds

The fifte pavian and galliarde, BK31
Nevell (Nos 18, 19). [Neighbour, ‘Pavan & Galliard c2’ p 190]

Pavian  [5'12]
Galliarde  [1'41]

Introduction  EnglishFrançais
Listeners who have followed the Nevell sequence this far will already have anticipated that this fifth pavan and galliard must be in the minor, and be of the ‘long’ kind. Indeed, here Byrd returns to the sombre C minor of the first Nevell pair, and like most of his more grave works in this form, it is a ‘16-bar’ pavan. The exceptional melodic richness of the pavan is characterised by the fact that each of its three strains is built on two different melodic ideas, each of which occupies half of the strain (eight bars); the second idea always intensifies the emotion expressed by the first, rising to a higher pitch while bringing into play more unusual and unexpected harmonies and dissonances. Byrd reserves the highest note in the piece, G, for the last section, and attentively surrounds it by his flattest harmonies of F minor and A flat major. The Galliard is one of Byrd’s most satisfying. The Nevell scribe, John Baldwin, added at the end the words laudes deo (‘praise be to God’).

from notes by Davitt Moroney © 1999

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