Please wait...

Hyperion Records

Click cover art to view larger version
Photograph by Malcolm Crowthers.
Track(s) taken from CDA66655
Recording details: November 1992
All Hallows, Gospel Oak, London, United Kingdom
Produced by Mark Brown
Engineered by Antony Howell
Release date: November 1993
Total duration: 12 minutes 44 seconds

'An enticing VW collection whose attractions are enhanced by Christopher Palmer's typically illuminating booklet notes' (Gramophone)

'Sit back and enjoy this VW concert of uncommon power and beauty … another luscious plum in the Hyperion catalogue' (Soundscapes, Australia)

Toward the Unknown Region
First line:
Darest thou now O soul
author of text

A hundred years on, now that Whitman’s ideals of democracy and individualism have become so integral a part of modern thought, it is hard for us to appreciate how enormously liberating was the impact of Leaves of Grass on the free-thinking young of the late Victorian generation—notably Delius, Holst and of course Vaughan Williams. Shortly before he died VW told Michael Kennedy, ‘I’ve never got over [Whitman], I’m glad to say …’, and he had good reason not to have, since two of the most outstanding successes of his early career as a composer were Whitman settings—Toward the Unknown Region (probably completed in 1906, first performed at the Leeds Festival of 1907, the composer conducting) and the mighty Sea Symphony of 1909.

Toward the Unknown Region was VW’s first major choral piece (he calls it a ‘Song’ for chorus and orchestra) and despite its intermittent Wagnerian echoes (Wagner was an influence that he did want to get over, and it took him quite a time to do so) its obvious inspirational qualities—not to mention its technical savoir faire in terms of the handling of massed voices—made it a success from the first. Stanford (who conducted the first London performance in 1907) and Elgar are important models, but most of all the Parry of Blest Pair of Sirens—Parry who urged VW to write choral music ‘as befits an Englishman and democrat’. The spirit of adventure is always keen in Vaughan Williams; but after the great outburst at ‘Nor any bounds bounding us’ the words seem buoyed up on, bowled on by, wave after wave of musical excitement and elation. The great choreographer Agnes de Mille, describing an altogether different medium, nonetheless invoked an emotion which distils the spirit of Toward the Unknown Region to perfection: ‘To take the air. To challenge space. To move into space with patterns of shining splendour. To be at once stronger and freer than at any other time in life. To lift up the heart …’

Toward the Unknown Region was the work of a comparatively young man. But the music, no less than the text, has a transcendent timelessness that relates to any, and every, period in life.

from notes by Christopher Palmer 1993

Other albums featuring this work
'Vaughan Williams: Choral Works' (CDS44321/4)
Vaughan Williams: Choral Works
MP3 £20.00FLAC £20.00ALAC £20.00Buy by post £22.00 CDS44321/4  4CDs Boxed set (at a special price)  
   English   Français   Deutsch