The Choral Prelude on ‘Durch Adams Fall ist ganz verderbt’, BuxWV183, is based on a melody that J S Bach was to set in Das Orgelbüchlein
(BWV637). The falling pedal figures of the opening bars seem to anticipate the pictorialism of Bach, but the gradually increasing animation, the rising figures in the final bars, and the right hand’s final flourish all seem to underline what Bach—in the interests of a single Affekt
—chose to ignore: that the hymn is about man’s redemption as well as his fall.
from notes by Relf Clark © 2012