Byron, George Gordon, Lord (1788-1824)

George Gordon, Lord Byron

born: 22 January 1788
died: 19 April 1824
country: United Kingdom

George Gordon, Lord Byron, born in London in 1788 (he was an exact contemporary of Rückert), was perhaps the most famous British man of letters of the age after Walter Scott, at least as far as European fame was concerned. He was born with a club foot, but his lameness did not prevent him from enjoying a roving life in which he was famous as an archetypal romantic, a traveller of unusually wide experience (his enthusiasm for the open-hearted nature of the Greeks was to lead to his death), a political radical, and a man of scandalously ambivalent sexuality. His fame as a writer was confirmed in 1812 with Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage which took Europe by storm (as well as captivating the composer Berlioz, some years later). In 1814 his poem The Corsair sold ten thousand copies on the day of its publication. After a disastrous marriage Byron left England in 1816, never to return. He lived in Switzerland with the Shelleys, visited Venice, wrote Manfred (a work for which Schumann would write music in 1848/49), and sold Newstead Abbey, his inherited country seat, which cleared his vast debts.

Byron’s most famous poem is Don Juan which dates from 1818; this is a work which reveals the poet’s humour and wit in contrast to the melancholy of Childe Harold. A liaison with the beautiful Teresa Guiccioli introduced the poet into a new milieu which revitalised him; he became involved in the struggle to free Venice from Austrian rule. His work became re-politicised as a result, but his interest in this cause eventually waned in favour of the struggle of the Greeks for independence from the Turks. He took personal command of a brigade of Greek soldiers but died in Missolonghi of a fever (April, 1824) contracted during his Greek expedition. His posthumous reputation was quickly established: he became one of the most potent symbols of the Romantic movement. He was seen as a man of infinite sympathy and grace, on the side of the disadvantaged and weak, and free of the conventional morality and hypocrisy which were the mark of the typical Englishman in the eyes of Europeans. He was someone who could combine irony and humour (which is modern enough to make us laugh out loud today) with the deepest seriousness. The glamorous reputation his name enjoyed on the continent after his death is impossible to exaggerate.

from notes by Graham Johnson ©

Albums

Elgar: Choral Songs
CDA67019Archive Service
Elgar: Go, song of mine & other choral works
SIGCD315Download only
Elgar: The complete choral songs
CDA66271/22CDs Archive Service
English Poets, Russian Romances
CDA67274Please, someone, buy me …
Gounod: Songs
CDA66801/22CDs
In praise of Woman
CDH55159Helios (Hyperion's budget label)
Janáček: Choral Music
CDH55398Helios (Hyperion's budget label)Download currently discounted
Mendelssohn: On wings of song
CDH55150Helios (Hyperion's budget label)
Mendelssohn: Songs and Duets, Vol. 3
CDA67388
Schumann: The Complete Songs
CDS44441/5010CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Schumann: The Complete Songs, Vol. 11 – Hanno Müller-Brachmann
CDJ33111
Schumann: The Complete Songs, Vol. 7 – Dorothea Röschmann & Ian Bostridge
CDJ33107Archive Service
Schumann: The Complete Songs, Vol. 8 – Christopher Maltman, Jonathan Lemalu & Mark Padmore
CDJ33108Download currently discounted
The Power of Love
CDA67888Composers of World War I

Complete works available for download

ANTON ARENSKY (1861-1906))
V al'bome 'In an album', Op 49 No 4Vassily Savenko (bass), Alexander Blok (piano)
MILI BALAKIREV (1837-1910))
Yevreyskaya melodiya 'Hebrew melody'Vassily Savenko (bass), Alexander Blok (piano)
CHARLES GOUNOD (1818-1893))
Maid of AthensAnthony Rolfe Johnson (tenor), Graham Johnson (piano)
LEOŠ JANÁCEK (1854-1928))
Ave MariaNew London Chamber Choir, James Wood (conductor)
FELIX MENDELSSOHN (1809-1847))
Keine von der Erde SchönenMark Padmore (tenor), Eugene Asti (piano)
Schlafloser Augen LeuchteMark Padmore (tenor), Eugene Asti (piano)
Sun of the sleepless!Margaret Price (soprano), Graham Johnson (piano)
There be none of Beauty's daughtersMargaret Price (soprano), Graham Johnson (piano)
MODEST MUSORGSKY (1839-1881))
Pes'n Saula pered boyem 'Tsar Saul. Song of Saul before battle'Vassily Savenko (bass), Alexander Blok (piano)
ROGER QUILTER (1877-1953))
There be none of Beauty's daughters, Op 24 No 1Alice Coote (mezzo-soprano), Graham Johnson (piano)
NIKOLAI RIMSKY-KORSAKOV (1844-1908))
Nespyashchikh solntse, grustnaya zvezda 'Sun of the sleepless', Op 41 No 1Vassily Savenko (bass), Alexander Blok (piano)
Pesnya Zyuleyki 'Zuleika's song', Op 26 No 4Vassily Savenko (bass), Alexander Blok (piano)
V poryve nezhnosti serdechnoy 'In moments to delight devoted', Op 26 No 1Vassily Savenko (bass), Alexander Blok (piano)
ROBERT SCHUMANN (1810-1856))
Drei Gesänge, Op 95Katherine Broderick (soprano), Graham Johnson (piano)
MAUDE VALÉRIE WHITE (1855-1937))
So we'll go no more a-rovingAlice Coote (mezzo-soprano), Graham Johnson (piano)
So we'll go no more a-rovingAnthony Rolfe Johnson (tenor), Graham Johnson (piano)

Alphabetical listing of all musical works

An den Mond  
Aus den „Hebräischen Gesängen“  
Ave Maria (Janáček)
Da die Heimat, o Vater, da Gott  
Deep in my soul  
Dein Tag ist aus, dein Ruhm fing an  
Dem Helden  
Die Tochter Jephthas  
Die Weinende  
Drei Gesänge, Op 95 (Schumann)
Four Choral Songs, Op 53 (Elgar)
Ich sah dich weinen! Ach, die Zähre  
Keine von der Erde Schönen (Mendelssohn)
Maid of Athens (Gounod)
Mein Herz ist schwer  
Myrthen, Op 25 (Schumann)
Nespyashchikh solntse, grustnaya zvezda 'Sun of the sleepless', Op 41 No 1 (Rimsky-Korsakov)
Pes'n Saula pered boyem 'Tsar Saul. Song of Saul before battle' (Musorgsky)
Pesnya Zyuleyki 'Zuleika's song', Op 26 No 4 (Rimsky-Korsakov)
Schlafloser Augen Leuchte (Mendelssohn)
Schlafloser Sonne! melanchol’scher Stern!  
Sechs Frühe Lieder, WoO121 (Schumann)
So we'll go no more a-roving (White)
Sun of the sleepless! (Mendelssohn)
There be none of Beauty's daughters (Mendelssohn)
There be none of Beauty's daughters, Op 24 No 1 (Quilter)
V al'bome 'In an album', Op 49 No 4 (Arensky)
V poryve nezhnosti serdechnoy 'In moments to delight devoted', Op 26 No 1 (Rimsky-Korsakov)
Yevreyskaya melodiya 'Hebrew melody' (Balakirev)