Hyperion Records

Victoria, Tomás Luis de (1548-1611)  

Tomás Luis de Victoria

born: 1548
died: 20 August 1611
country: Spain

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Tomás Luis de Victoria, the greatest composer of the Spanish sixteenth-century ‘golden age’ of polyphonic music, was born in Avila in 1548 and died in Spain in 1611. In about 1558 he became a choirboy in Avila Cathedral, where he received his earliest musical training. When his voice broke he was sent to the Collegium Germanicum at Rome where he was enrolled as a student in 1565. He was to spend the next twenty years in Rome, where he occupied a number of posts of which the most important were at S Maria di Monserrato, the Collegium Germanicum, the Roman Seminary (where he succeeded Palestrina as Maestro di cappella in 1571) and S Apollinare. In 1575 he took holy orders and three years later was admitted to chaplaincy at S Girolamo della Carità. Around 1587 he left Italy and in that year took up an appointment as chaplain to the dowager Empress Maria at the Royal Convent for Barefoot Clarist Nuns, where he acted as maestro to the choir of priests and boys that was attached to the convent.

Victoria’s musical output was relatively small compared with other major Renaissance composers such as Palestrina (who published five times as much music) and Lassus (who published even more), and he published no secular music. The music he did publish, however, shows a generally very high level of inspiration and musical craftsmanship, and it is clear—from the constant revisions he made to the successive editions of his works that appeared during his lifetime and from some of his comments in prefaces to his works—that he adopted a highly critical attitude to what he wrote. In his dedication to Pope Gregory XIII of his 1581 volume of Hymni totius anni, he speaks of music being ‘an art to which I am instinctively drawn, and to the perfection of which I have devoted long years of study, with the help and encouragement of others of critical judgement’.

from notes by Jon Dixon © 2009

Albums
'Victoria: Ave maris stella & O quam gloriosum' (CDA66114)
Victoria: Ave maris stella & O quam gloriosum
'Victoria: Ave regina caelorum & other sacred music' (CDA67479)
Victoria: Ave regina caelorum & other sacred music
'Victoria: Ave regina caelorum & other sacred music' (SACDA67479)
Victoria: Ave regina caelorum & other sacred music
Buy by post £10.50 This album is not yet available for download SACDA67479  Super-Audio CD  
'Victoria: Missa De Beata Maria Virgine & Missa Surge propera' (CDA67891)
Victoria: Missa De Beata Maria Virgine & Missa Surge propera
'Victoria: Missa Dum complerentur & other sacred music' (CDH55452)
Victoria: Missa Dum complerentur & other sacred music
MP3 £4.99FLAC £4.99ALAC £4.99Buy by post £5.50 CDH55452  Helios (Hyperion's budget label)  
'Victoria: Missa Gaudeamus & other works' (CDA67748)
Victoria: Missa Gaudeamus & other works
'Victoria: Missa Trahe me post te & other sacred music' (CDH55376)
Victoria: Missa Trahe me post te & other sacred music
MP3 £4.99FLAC £4.99ALAC £4.99Buy by post £5.50 CDH55376  Helios (Hyperion's budget label)  
'Victoria: Missa Vidi speciosam & other sacred music' (CDH55358)
Victoria: Missa Vidi speciosam & other sacred music
MP3 £4.99FLAC £4.99ALAC £4.99Buy by post £5.50 CDH55358  Helios (Hyperion's budget label)  
'Victoria: O magnum mysterium & Ascendens Christus in altum' (CDA66190)
Victoria: O magnum mysterium & Ascendens Christus in altum
'Victoria: Requiem' (CDA66250)
Victoria: Requiem
'Victoria: Requiem' (CDA30026)
Victoria: Requiem
MP3 £6.99FLAC £6.99ALAC £6.99Buy by post £8.50 CDA30026  Hyperion 30th Anniversary series  
'Victoria: Tenebrae Responsories' (CDA66304)
Victoria: Tenebrae Responsories
'Christmas Vespers at Westminster Cathedral' (CDA67522)
Christmas Vespers at Westminster Cathedral
'Exultate Deo' (CDA66850)
Exultate Deo
'From the vaults of Westminster Cathedral' (CDA67707)
From the vaults of Westminster Cathedral
'Holy Week at the Chapel of the Dukes of Braganza' (CDA66867)
Holy Week at the Chapel of the Dukes of Braganza
'Palestrina: Missa Tu es Petrus & Missa Te Deum laudamus' (CDA67785)
Palestrina: Missa Tu es Petrus & Missa Te Deum laudamus
On other labels
'Victoria: Lamentations of Jeremiah' (CDGIM043)
Victoria: Lamentations of Jeremiah
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £11.75 Studio Master: FLAC 24-bit 96 kHz £15.00ALAC 24-bit 96 kHz £15.00 CDGIM043  Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
'Victoria: Requiem' (CDGIM012)
Victoria: Requiem
'Victoria: Requiem' (CKD060)
Victoria: Requiem
MP3 £8.00FLAC £10.00ALAC £10.00 CKD060  Download only  
'Victoria: Tenebrae Responsories' (SIGCD344)
Victoria: Tenebrae Responsories
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99 Studio Master: FLAC 24-bit 96 kHz £12.00ALAC 24-bit 96 kHz £12.00 SIGCD344  Download only   Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
'Victoria: Tenebrae Responsories' (CDGIM022)
Victoria: Tenebrae Responsories
'Victoria: The Victoria Collection' (GIMBX304)
Victoria: The Victoria Collection
MP3 £15.99FLAC £15.99ALAC £15.99 GIMBX304  Boxed set (at a special price) — Download only  
'Britten & Mealor: … the flowers have their angels' (SIGCD366)
Britten & Mealor: … the flowers have their angels
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99 Studio Master: FLAC 24-bit 44.1 kHz £9.00ALAC 24-bit 44.1 kHz £9.00 SIGCD366  Download only   Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
'Christmas Carols and Motets' (CDGIM010)
Christmas Carols and Motets
'Christmas with The Tallis Scholars' (CDGIM202)
Christmas with The Tallis Scholars
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM202  2CDs for the price of 1  
'Mealor & Britten: … the flowers have their angels' (SIGCD366)
Mealor & Britten: … the flowers have their angels
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99 Studio Master: FLAC 24-bit 44.1 kHz £9.00ALAC 24-bit 44.1 kHz £9.00 SIGCD366  Download only   Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
'Palestrina: Missa Nigra sum' (CDGIM003)
Palestrina: Missa Nigra sum
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99 CDGIM003  Download only  
'Renaissance Giants' (CDGIM207)
Renaissance Giants
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM207  2CDs for the price of 1  
'Renaissance Radio' (CDGIM212)
Renaissance Radio
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM212  2CDs for the price of 1  
'Requiem' (CDGIM205)
Requiem
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM205  2CDs for the price of 1  
'Sacred Music in the Renaissance, Vol. 1' (GIMBX301)
Sacred Music in the Renaissance, Vol. 1
MP3 £15.99FLAC £15.99ALAC £15.99 GIMBX301  Boxed set (at a special price) — Download only  
'The Essential Tallis Scholars' (CDGIM201)
The Essential Tallis Scholars
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM201  2CDs for the price of 1  
'The Golden Age, Vol. 1 – Europe' (CKD052)
The Golden Age, Vol. 1 – Europe
MP3 £8.00FLAC £10.00ALAC £10.00 CKD052  Download only  
Complete works available for download
Alma redemptoris mater a 5 Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor)
Alma redemptoris mater a 8 Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor), Iain Simcock (organ)
Ascendens Christus in altum Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Ave Maria a 4 The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Ave Maria a 4 Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Ave Maria a 4 Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Ave Maria a 8 The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Ave Maria a 8 Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Ave Maria a 8 Magnificat, Philip Cave (conductor)
Ave maris stella Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Ave regina caelorum a 5 Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Ave regina caelorum a 8 Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Descendit Angelus Domini Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor)
Dixit Dominus Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Dum complerentur Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Ecce sacerdos magnus The Rodolfus Choir, Ralph Allwood (conductor)
Laetatus sum Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Lamentations for Good Friday 'In Parasceve' The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Lamentations for Holy Saturday 'Sabbato Sancto' The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Lamentations for Maundy Thursday 'In Coena Domini' The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Lauda Sion salvatorem Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor), Joseph Cullen (organ)
Laudate Dominum omnes gentes Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Laudate pueri Dominum Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Libera me, Domine, de morte aeterna The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Libera me, Domine, de morte aeterna Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Libera me, Domine, de morte aeterna Magnificat, Philip Cave (conductor)
Magnificat primi toni a 8 Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor), Iain Simcock (organ)
Magnificat septimi toni Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Missa Ascendens Christus in altum Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Missa Ave maris stella Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Missa Ave regina caelorum Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Missa De Beata Maria Virgine Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor)
Missa Dum complerentur Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Missa Gaudeamus Westminster Cathedral Lay Clerks, Matthew Martin (conductor)
Missa O magnum mysterium Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Missa O quam gloriosum Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' Magnificat, Philip Cave (conductor)
Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Missa Surge propera Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor)
Missa Trahe me post te Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Missa Vidi speciosam Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Ne timeas, Maria Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Nigra sum The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Nisi Dominus Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
O magnum mysterium Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
O quam gloriosum Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
O quam gloriosum Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Pange lingua gloriosi Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Popule meus Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Pueri Hebraeorum vestimenta A Capella Portuguesa, Owen Rees (conductor)
Regina caeli laetare a 5 Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Salve regina a 5 1583 Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor)
Salve regina a 8 Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor), Iain Simcock (organ)
Sancta Maria, succurre miseris Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Taedet animam meam vitae meae The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Taedet animam meam vitae meae Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Taedet animam meam vitae meae Magnificat, Philip Cave (conductor)
Te Deum laudamus Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor)
Tenebrae Responsories Tenebrae, Nigel Short (conductor)
Tenebrae Responsories Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Tenebrae Responsories The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Trahe me post te Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Veni Creator Spiritus Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Veni Sancte Spiritus Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor), Joseph Cullen (organ)
Versa est in luctum The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Versa est in luctum Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Versa est in luctum Magnificat, Philip Cave (conductor)
Versa est in luctum Magnificat, Philip Cave (conductor)
Vexilla regis Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Vidi speciosam Westminster Cathedral Lay Clerks, Matthew Martin (conductor)
Vidi speciosam Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Alphabetical listing of all musical works
Aestimatus sum  No 17 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Agnus Dei  Movement 6 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Aleph. Ego vir videns paupertatem meam  Lamentation 3 of Lamentations for Good Friday 'In Parasceve' (Victoria)
Aleph. Quomodo obscuratum est aurum  Lamentation 2 of Lamentations for Holy Saturday 'Sabbato Sancto' (Victoria)
Alma redemptoris mater a 5 (Victoria)
Alma redemptoris mater a 8 (Victoria)
Amicus meus osculi me  No 1 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Animam meam dilectam  No 9 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Ascendens Christus in altum (Victoria)
Astiterunt reges terrae  No 16 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Ave Maria a 4 (Victoria)
Ave Maria a 8 (Victoria)
Ave maris stella (Victoria)
Ave regina caelorum a 5 (Victoria)
Ave regina caelorum a 8 (Victoria)
Caligaverunt oculi mei a fletu meo  No 12 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Communio  Movement 7 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Descendit Angelus Domini (Victoria)
Dixit Dominus (Victoria)
Domine Jesu Christe, rex gloriae  First line to Offertorium, Movement 4 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Dum complerentur (Victoria)
Ecce quomodo moritur  No 15 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Ecce sacerdos magnus (Victoria)
Eram quasi agnus innocens  No 4 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Graduale  Movement 3 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Heth. Cogitavit Dominus dissipare  Lamentation 1 of Lamentations for Good Friday 'In Parasceve' (Victoria)
Heth. Misericordiae Domini  Lamentation 1 of Lamentations for Holy Saturday 'Sabbato Sancto' (Victoria)
Incipit lamentatio Jeremiae prophetae  Lamentation 1 of Lamentations for Maundy Thursday 'In Coena Domini' (Victoria)
Incipit oratio Jeremiae prophetae  Lamentation 3 of Lamentations for Holy Saturday 'Sabbato Sancto' (Victoria)
Introitus  Movement 1 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Iod. Manu suam misit hostis  Lamentation 3 of Lamentations for Maundy Thursday 'In Coena Domini' (Victoria)
Jesum tradidit impius summis principibus sacerdotum  No 11 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Judas mercator pessimus  No 2 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Kyrie  Movement 2 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Laetatus sum (Victoria)
Lamed. Matribus suis dixerunt  Lamentation 2 of Lamentations for Good Friday 'In Parasceve' (Victoria)
Lamentations for Good Friday 'In Parasceve' (Victoria)
Lamentations for Holy Saturday 'Sabbato Sancto' (Victoria)
Lamentations for Maundy Thursday 'In Coena Domini' (Victoria)
Lauda Sion salvatorem (Victoria)
Laudate Dominum omnes gentes (Victoria)
Laudate pueri Dominum (Victoria)
Libera me, Domine, de morte aeterna (Victoria)
Lux aeterna luceat eis  First line to Communio, Movement 7 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Magnificat primi toni a 8 (Victoria)
Magnificat septimi toni (Victoria)
Missa Ascendens Christus in altum (Victoria)
Missa Ave maris stella (Victoria)
Missa Ave regina caelorum (Victoria)
Missa De Beata Maria Virgine (Victoria)
Missa Dum complerentur (Victoria)
Missa Gaudeamus (Victoria)
Missa O magnum mysterium (Victoria)
Missa O quam gloriosum (Victoria)
Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Missa Surge propera (Victoria)
Missa Trahe me post te (Victoria)
Missa Vidi speciosam (Victoria)
Ne timeas, Maria (Victoria)
Nigra sum (Victoria)
Nisi Dominus (Victoria)
O magnum mysterium (Victoria)
O quam gloriosum (Victoria)
O vos omnes, qui transitis per viam  No 14 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Offertorium  Movement 4 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Pange lingua gloriosi (Victoria)
Popule meus (Victoria)
Pueri Hebraeorum vestimenta (Victoria)
Quae est ista  Part 2 of Vidi speciosam (Victoria)
Recessit pastor noster  No 13 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Regina caeli laetare a 5 (Victoria)
Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine  First line to Graduale, Movement 3 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Salve regina a 5 1583 (Victoria)
Salve regina a 8 (Victoria)
Sancta Maria, succurre miseris (Victoria)
Sanctus and Benedictus  Movement 5 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Seniores populi consilium fecerunt  No 6 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Sepulto Domino  No 18 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Taedet animam meam vitae meae (Victoria)
Tamquam ad latronem existis  No 7 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Te Deum laudamus (Victoria)
Tenebrae factae sunt  No 8 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Tradiderunt me in manus impiorum  No 10 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Trahe me post te (Victoria)
Una hora non potuistis vigilare mecum  No 5 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Unus ex discipulis meis  No 3 of Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Vau. Et egressus est a filia Sion  Lamentation 2 of Lamentations for Maundy Thursday 'In Coena Domini' (Victoria)
Veni Creator Spiritus (Victoria)
Veni Sancte Spiritus (Victoria)
Versa est in luctum (Victoria)
Vexilla regis (Victoria)
Vidi speciosam (Victoria)
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