Victoria, Tomás Luis de (1548-1611)

Tomás Luis de Victoria

born: 1548
died: 20 August 1611
country: Spain

Tomás Luis de Victoria, the greatest composer of the Spanish sixteenth-century ‘golden age’ of polyphonic music, was born in Avila in 1548 and died in Spain in 1611. In about 1558 he became a choirboy in Avila Cathedral, where he received his earliest musical training. When his voice broke he was sent to the Collegium Germanicum at Rome where he was enrolled as a student in 1565. He was to spend the next twenty years in Rome, where he occupied a number of posts of which the most important were at S Maria di Monserrato, the Collegium Germanicum, the Roman Seminary (where he succeeded Palestrina as Maestro di cappella in 1571) and S Apollinare. In 1575 he took holy orders and three years later was admitted to chaplaincy at S Girolamo della Carità. Around 1587 he left Italy and in that year took up an appointment as chaplain to the dowager Empress Maria at the Royal Convent for Barefoot Clarist Nuns, where he acted as maestro to the choir of priests and boys that was attached to the convent.

Victoria’s musical output was relatively small compared with other major Renaissance composers such as Palestrina (who published five times as much music) and Lassus (who published even more), and he published no secular music. The music he did publish, however, shows a generally very high level of inspiration and musical craftsmanship, and it is clear—from the constant revisions he made to the successive editions of his works that appeared during his lifetime and from some of his comments in prefaces to his works—that he adopted a highly critical attitude to what he wrote. In his dedication to Pope Gregory XIII of his 1581 volume of Hymni totius anni, he speaks of music being ‘an art to which I am instinctively drawn, and to the perfection of which I have devoted long years of study, with the help and encouragement of others of critical judgement’.

from notes by Jon Dixon © 2009

Albums

Victoria: Ave maris stella & O quam gloriosum
CDA66114
Victoria: Ave regina caelorum & other sacred music
CDA67479
Victoria: Ave regina caelorum & other sacred music
This album is not yet available for downloadSACDA67479Super-Audio CD
Victoria: Lamentations of Jeremiah
Studio Master: CDGIM043Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
Victoria: Missa De Beata Maria Virgine & Missa Surge propera
CDA67891
Victoria: Missa Dum complerentur & other sacred music
CDH55452Helios (Hyperion's budget label)
Victoria: Missa Gaudeamus & other works
CDA67748Please, someone, buy me …
Victoria: Missa Trahe me post te & other sacred music
CDH55376Helios (Hyperion's budget label)
Victoria: Missa Vidi speciosam & other sacred music
CDH55358Helios (Hyperion's budget label)
Victoria: O magnum mysterium & Ascendens Christus in altum
CDA66190
Victoria: Requiem
CDA66250
Victoria: Requiem
CDA30026Hyperion 30th Anniversary series
Victoria: Requiem
CDGIM012
Victoria: Requiem
CKD060Download only
Victoria: Requiem
SIGCD248Download only
Victoria: Tenebrae Responsories
Studio Master: SIGCD344Download onlyStudio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
Victoria: Tenebrae Responsories
CDGIM022
Victoria: Tenebrae Responsories
CDA66304
Victoria: The Victoria Collection
GIMBX304Boxed set (at a special price) — Download only
A Choral Christmas
Studio Master: SIGCD257Download onlyStudio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
Britten & Mealor: … the flowers have their angels
Studio Master: SIGCD366Download onlyStudio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
Christmas Carols and Motets
CDGIM010
Christmas Vespers at Westminster Cathedral
CDA67522
Christmas with The Tallis Scholars
CDGIM2022CDs for the price of 1
Exultate Deo
CDA66850
From the vaults of Westminster Cathedral
CDA67707
Holy Week at the Chapel of the Dukes of Braganza
CDA66867Archive Service
Mealor & Britten: … the flowers have their angels
Studio Master: SIGCD366Download onlyStudio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
Palestrina: Missa Nigra sum
CDGIM003Download only
Palestrina: Missa Tu es Petrus & Missa Te Deum laudamus
CDA67785
Renaissance Giants
CDGIM2072CDs for the price of 1
Renaissance Radio
CDGIM2122CDs for the price of 1
Requiem
CDGIM2052CDs for the price of 1
Sacred Music in the Renaissance, Vol. 1
GIMBX301Boxed set (at a special price) — Download only
The Essential Tallis Scholars
CDGIM2012CDs for the price of 1
The Golden Age, Vol. 1 – Europe
CKD052Download only

Complete works available for download

Alma redemptoris mater a 5Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor)
Alma redemptoris mater a 8Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor), Iain Simcock (organ)
Ascendens Christus in altumWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Ave Maria a 4The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Ave Maria a 4Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Ave Maria a 4Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Ave Maria a 8The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Ave Maria a 8Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Ave Maria a 8Magnificat, Philip Cave (conductor)
Ave Maria a 8The Rodolfus Choir, Ralph Allwood (conductor)
Ave maris stellaWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Ave regina caelorum a 5Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Ave regina caelorum a 8Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Descendit Angelus DominiWestminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor)
Dixit DominusWestminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Dum complerenturWestminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Ecce sacerdos magnusThe Rodolfus Choir, Ralph Allwood (conductor)
Laetatus sumWestminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Lamentations for Good Friday 'In Parasceve'The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Lamentations for Holy Saturday 'Sabbato Sancto'The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Lamentations for Maundy Thursday 'In Coena Domini'The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Lauda Sion salvatoremWestminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor), Joseph Cullen (organ)
Laudate Dominum omnes gentesWestminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Laudate pueri DominumWestminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Libera me, Domine, de morte aeternaThe Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Libera me, Domine, de morte aeternaWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Libera me, Domine, de morte aeternaMagnificat, Philip Cave (conductor)
Libera me, Domine, de morte aeternaTenebrae, Nigel Short (conductor)
Magnificat primi toni a 8Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor), Iain Simcock (organ)
Magnificat septimi toniWestminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Missa Ascendens Christus in altumWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Missa Ave maris stellaWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Missa Ave regina caelorumWestminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
Missa De Beata Maria VirgineWestminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor)
Missa Dum complerenturWestminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Missa GaudeamusWestminster Cathedral Lay Clerks, Matthew Martin (conductor)
Missa O magnum mysteriumWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Missa O quam gloriosumWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem'Magnificat, Philip Cave (conductor)
Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem'Westminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem'The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Missa Surge properaWestminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor)
Missa Trahe me post teWestminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Missa Vidi speciosamWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Ne timeas, MariaWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Nigra sumThe Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Nisi DominusWestminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor), Robert Quinney (organ)
O magnum mysteriumWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
O quam gloriosumWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
O quam gloriosumWestminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Pange lingua gloriosiWestminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Popule meusWestminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Pueri Hebraeorum vestimentaA Capella Portuguesa, Owen Rees (conductor)
Regina caeli laetare a 5Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Salve regina a 5 1583Westminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor)
Salve regina a 8Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor), Iain Simcock (organ)
Sancta Maria, succurre miserisWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Taedet animam meam vitae meaeThe Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Taedet animam meam vitae meaeWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Taedet animam meam vitae meaeMagnificat, Philip Cave (conductor)
Taedet animam meam vitae meaeTenebrae, Nigel Short (conductor)
Te Deum laudamusWestminster Cathedral Choir, Martin Baker (conductor)
Tenebrae ResponsoriesTenebrae, Nigel Short (conductor)
Tenebrae ResponsoriesWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Tenebrae ResponsoriesThe Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Trahe me post teWestminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Veni Creator SpiritusWestminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Veni Sancte SpiritusWestminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor), Joseph Cullen (organ)
Versa est in luctumThe Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips (conductor)
Versa est in luctumWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)
Versa est in luctumMagnificat, Philip Cave (conductor)
Versa est in luctumMagnificat, Philip Cave (conductor)
Versa est in luctumTenebrae, Nigel Short (conductor)
Vexilla regisWestminster Cathedral Choir, James O'Donnell (conductor)
Vidi speciosamWestminster Cathedral Lay Clerks, Matthew Martin (conductor)
Vidi speciosamWestminster Cathedral Choir, David Hill (conductor)

Alphabetical listing of all musical works

Aestimatus sum  
Agnus Dei  
Aleph. Ego vir videns paupertatem meam  
Aleph. Quomodo obscuratum est aurum  
Alma redemptoris mater a 5 (Victoria)
Alma redemptoris mater a 8 (Victoria)
Amicus meus osculi me  
Animam meam dilectam  
Ascendens Christus in altum (Victoria)
Astiterunt reges terrae  
Ave Maria a 4 (Victoria)
Ave Maria a 8 (Victoria)
Ave maris stella (Victoria)
Ave regina caelorum a 5 (Victoria)
Ave regina caelorum a 8 (Victoria)
Caligaverunt oculi mei a fletu meo  
Communio  
Descendit Angelus Domini (Victoria)
Dixit Dominus (Victoria)
Domine Jesu Christe, rex gloriae  
Dum complerentur (Victoria)
Ecce quomodo moritur  
Ecce sacerdos magnus (Victoria)
Eram quasi agnus innocens  
Graduale  
Heth. Cogitavit Dominus dissipare  
Heth. Misericordiae Domini  
Incipit lamentatio Jeremiae prophetae  
Incipit oratio Jeremiae prophetae  
Introitus  
Iod. Manu suam misit hostis  
Jesum tradidit impius summis principibus sacerdotum  
Judas mercator pessimus  
Kyrie  
Laetatus sum (Victoria)
Lamed. Matribus suis dixerunt  
Lamentations for Good Friday 'In Parasceve' (Victoria)
Lamentations for Holy Saturday 'Sabbato Sancto' (Victoria)
Lamentations for Maundy Thursday 'In Coena Domini' (Victoria)
Lauda Sion salvatorem (Victoria)
Laudate Dominum omnes gentes (Victoria)
Laudate pueri Dominum (Victoria)
Libera me, Domine, de morte aeterna (Victoria)
Lux aeterna luceat eis  
Magnificat primi toni a 8 (Victoria)
Magnificat septimi toni (Victoria)
Missa Ascendens Christus in altum (Victoria)
Missa Ave maris stella (Victoria)
Missa Ave regina caelorum (Victoria)
Missa De Beata Maria Virgine (Victoria)
Missa Dum complerentur (Victoria)
Missa Gaudeamus (Victoria)
Missa O magnum mysterium (Victoria)
Missa O quam gloriosum (Victoria)
Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Missa Surge propera (Victoria)
Missa Trahe me post te (Victoria)
Missa Vidi speciosam (Victoria)
Ne timeas, Maria (Victoria)
Nigra sum (Victoria)
Nisi Dominus (Victoria)
O magnum mysterium (Victoria)
O quam gloriosum (Victoria)
O vos omnes, qui transitis per viam  
Offertorium  
Pange lingua gloriosi (Victoria)
Popule meus (Victoria)
Pueri Hebraeorum vestimenta (Victoria)
Quae est ista  
Recessit pastor noster  
Regina caeli laetare a 5 (Victoria)
Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine  
Salve regina a 5 1583 (Victoria)
Salve regina a 8 (Victoria)
Sancta Maria, succurre miseris (Victoria)
Sanctus and Benedictus  
Seniores populi consilium fecerunt  
Sepulto Domino  
Taedet animam meam vitae meae (Victoria)
Tamquam ad latronem existis  
Te Deum laudamus (Victoria)
Tenebrae factae sunt  
Tenebrae Responsories (Victoria)
Tradiderunt me in manus impiorum  
Trahe me post te (Victoria)
Una hora non potuistis vigilare mecum  
Unus ex discipulis meis  
Vau. Et egressus est a filia Sion  
Veni Creator Spiritus (Victoria)
Veni Sancte Spiritus (Victoria)
Versa est in luctum (Victoria)
Vexilla regis (Victoria)
Vidi speciosam (Victoria)