Hyperion Records

Victoria, Tomás Luis de (1548-1611)  

Tomás Luis de Victoria

born: 1548
died: 20 August 1611
country: Spain

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Tomás Luis de Victoria, the greatest composer of the Spanish sixteenth-century ‘golden age’ of polyphonic music, was born in Avila in 1548 and died in Spain in 1611. In about 1558 he became a choirboy in Avila Cathedral, where he received his earliest musical training. When his voice broke he was sent to the Collegium Germanicum at Rome where he was enrolled as a student in 1565. He was to spend the next twenty years in Rome, where he occupied a number of posts of which the most important were at S Maria di Monserrato, the Collegium Germanicum, the Roman Seminary (where he succeeded Palestrina as Maestro di cappella in 1571) and S Apollinare. In 1575 he took holy orders and three years later was admitted to chaplaincy at S Girolamo della Carità. Around 1587 he left Italy and in that year took up an appointment as chaplain to the dowager Empress Maria at the Royal Convent for Barefoot Clarist Nuns, where he acted as maestro to the choir of priests and boys that was attached to the convent.

Victoria’s musical output was relatively small compared with other major Renaissance composers such as Palestrina (who published five times as much music) and Lassus (who published even more), and he published no secular music. The music he did publish, however, shows a generally very high level of inspiration and musical craftsmanship, and it is clear—from the constant revisions he made to the successive editions of his works that appeared during his lifetime and from some of his comments in prefaces to his works—that he adopted a highly critical attitude to what he wrote. In his dedication to Pope Gregory XIII of his 1581 volume of Hymni totius anni, he speaks of music being ‘an art to which I am instinctively drawn, and to the perfection of which I have devoted long years of study, with the help and encouragement of others of critical judgement’.

from notes by Jon Dixon © 2009

Albums
'Victoria: Ave maris stella & O quam gloriosum' (CDA66114)
Victoria: Ave maris stella & O quam gloriosum
Buy by post £13.99 (ARCHIVE SERVICE) CDA66114  Archive Service  
'Victoria: Ave regina caelorum & other sacred music' (CDA67479)
Victoria: Ave regina caelorum & other sacred music
Buy by post £10.50 CDA67479 
'Victoria: Ave regina caelorum & other sacred music' (SACDA67479)
Victoria: Ave regina caelorum & other sacred music
Buy by post £10.50 SACDA67479  Super-Audio CD  
'Victoria: Missa De Beata Maria Virgine & Missa Surge propera' (CDA67891)
Victoria: Missa De Beata Maria Virgine & Missa Surge propera
Buy by post £5.25 CDA67891  Please, someone, buy me …  
'Victoria: Missa Dum complerentur & other sacred music' (CDH55452)
Victoria: Missa Dum complerentur & other sacred music
Buy by post £5.50 CDH55452  Helios (Hyperion's budget label)  
'Victoria: Missa Gaudeamus & other works' (CDA67748)
Victoria: Missa Gaudeamus & other works
Buy by post £10.50 CDA67748 
'Victoria: Missa Trahe me post te & other sacred music' (CDH55376)
Victoria: Missa Trahe me post te & other sacred music
Buy by post £5.50 CDH55376  Helios (Hyperion's budget label)  
'Victoria: Missa Vidi speciosam & other sacred music' (CDH55358)
Victoria: Missa Vidi speciosam & other sacred music
Buy by post £5.50 CDH55358  Helios (Hyperion's budget label)  
'Victoria: O magnum mysterium & Ascendens Christus in altum' (CDA66190)
Victoria: O magnum mysterium & Ascendens Christus in altum
Buy by post £5.25 CDA66190  Please, someone, buy me …  
'Victoria: Requiem' (CDA66250)
Victoria: Requiem
Buy by post £10.50 CDA66250 
'Victoria: Requiem' (CDA30026)
Victoria: Requiem
Buy by post £8.50 CDA30026  Hyperion 30th Anniversary series  
'Victoria: Tenebrae Responsories' (CDA66304)
Victoria: Tenebrae Responsories
Buy by post £10.50 CDA66304 
'Christmas Vespers at Westminster Cathedral' (CDA67522)
Christmas Vespers at Westminster Cathedral
Buy by post £10.50 CDA67522 
'Exultate Deo' (CDA66850)
Exultate Deo
Buy by post £10.50 CDA66850 
'From the vaults of Westminster Cathedral' (CDA67707)
From the vaults of Westminster Cathedral
Buy by post £10.50 CDA67707 
'Holy Week at the Chapel of the Dukes of Braganza' (CDA66867)
Holy Week at the Chapel of the Dukes of Braganza
Buy by post £13.99 (ARCHIVE SERVICE) CDA66867  Archive Service  
'Palestrina: Missa Tu es Petrus & Missa Te Deum laudamus' (CDA67785)
Palestrina: Missa Tu es Petrus & Missa Te Deum laudamus
Buy by post £10.50 CDA67785 
On other labels
'Victoria: Lamentations of Jeremiah' (CDGIM043)
Victoria: Lamentations of Jeremiah
Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM043  Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
'Victoria: Requiem' (CDGIM012)
Victoria: Requiem
Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM012 
'Victoria: Requiem' (CKD060)
Victoria: Requiem
CKD060  Download only  
'Victoria: Tenebrae Responsories' (CDGIM022)
Victoria: Tenebrae Responsories
Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM022 
'Victoria: The Victoria Collection' (GIMBX304)
Victoria: The Victoria Collection
GIMBX304  3CDs Boxed set (at a special price) — Download only  
'Christmas Carols and Motets' (CDGIM010)
Christmas Carols and Motets
Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM010 
'Christmas with The Tallis Scholars' (CDGIM202)
Christmas with The Tallis Scholars
Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM202  2CDs for the price of 1  
'Palestrina: Missa Nigra sum' (CDGIM003)
Palestrina: Missa Nigra sum
CDGIM003  Download only  
'Renaissance Giants' (CDGIM207)
Renaissance Giants
Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM207  2CDs for the price of 1  
'Renaissance Radio' (CDGIM212)
Renaissance Radio
Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM212  2CDs for the price of 1  
'Requiem' (CDGIM205)
Requiem
Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM205  2CDs for the price of 1  
'Sacred Music in the Renaissance, Vol. 1' (GIMBX301)
Sacred Music in the Renaissance, Vol. 1
GIMBX301  4CDs Boxed set (at a special price) — Download only  
'The Essential Tallis Scholars' (CDGIM201)
The Essential Tallis Scholars
Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM201  2CDs for the price of 1  
'The Golden Age, Vol. 1 – Europe' (CKD052)
The Golden Age, Vol. 1 – Europe
CKD052  Download only  
Alphabetical listing of all musical works
Agnus Dei  Movement 6 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Aleph. Ego vir videns paupertatem meam  Lamentation 3 of Lamentations for Good Friday 'In Parasceve' (Victoria)
Aleph. Quomodo obscuratum est aurum  Lamentation 2 of Lamentations for Holy Saturday 'Sabbato Sancto' (Victoria)
Alma redemptoris mater a 5 (Victoria)
Alma redemptoris mater a 8 (Victoria)
Ascendens Christus in altum (Victoria)
Ave Maria a 4 (Victoria)
Ave Maria a 8 (Victoria)
Ave maris stella (Victoria)
Ave regina caelorum a 5 (Victoria)
Ave regina caelorum a 8 (Victoria)
Communio  Movement 7 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Descendit Angelus Domini (Victoria)
Dixit Dominus (Victoria)
Domine Jesu Christe, rex gloriae  First line to Offertorium, Movement 4 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Dum complerentur (Victoria)
Good Friday. Responsory 4: Tamquam ad latronem existis  No 7 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Good Friday. Responsory 5: Tenebrae factae sunt  No 8 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Good Friday. Responsory 6: Animam meam dilectam  No 9 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Good Friday. Responsory 7: Tradiderunt me in manus impiorum  No 10 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Good Friday. Responsory 8: Jesum tradidit impius summis principibus sacerdotum  No 11 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Good Friday. Responsory 9: Caligaverunt oculi mei a fletu meo  No 12 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Graduale  Movement 3 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Heth. Cogitavit Dominus dissipare  Lamentation 1 of Lamentations for Good Friday 'In Parasceve' (Victoria)
Heth. Misericordiae Domini  Lamentation 1 of Lamentations for Holy Saturday 'Sabbato Sancto' (Victoria)
Holy Saturday. Responsory 4: Recessit pastor noster  No 13 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Holy Saturday. Responsory 5: O vos omnes, qui transitis per viam  No 14 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Holy Saturday. Responsory 6: Ecce quomodo moritur  No 15 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Holy Saturday. Responsory 7: Astiterunt reges terrae  No 16 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Holy Saturday. Responsory 8: Aestimatus sum  No 17 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Holy Saturday. Responsory 9: Sepulto Domino  No 18 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Incipit lamentatio Jeremiae prophetae  Lamentation 1 of Lamentations for Maundy Thursday 'In Coena Domini' (Victoria)
Incipit oratio Jeremiae prophetae  Lamentation 3 of Lamentations for Holy Saturday 'Sabbato Sancto' (Victoria)
Introitus  Movement 1 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Iod. Manu suam misit hostis  Lamentation 3 of Lamentations for Maundy Thursday 'In Coena Domini' (Victoria)
Kyrie  Movement 2 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Laetatus sum (Victoria)
Lamed. Matribus suis dixerunt  Lamentation 2 of Lamentations for Good Friday 'In Parasceve' (Victoria)
Lamentations for Good Friday 'In Parasceve' (Victoria)
Lamentations for Holy Saturday 'Sabbato Sancto' (Victoria)
Lamentations for Maundy Thursday 'In Coena Domini' (Victoria)
Lauda Sion salvatorem (Victoria)
Laudate Dominum omnes gentes (Victoria)
Laudate pueri Dominum (Victoria)
Libera me, Domine, de morte aeterna (Victoria)
Lux aeterna luceat eis  First line to Communio, Movement 7 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Magnificat primi toni a 8 (Victoria)
Magnificat septimi toni (Victoria)
Maundy Thursday. Responsory 4: Amicus meus osculi me  No 1 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Maundy Thursday. Responsory 5: Judas mercator pessimus  No 2 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Maundy Thursday. Responsory 6: Unus ex discipulis meis  No 3 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Maundy Thursday. Responsory 7: Eram quasi agnus innocens  No 4 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Maundy Thursday. Responsory 8: Una hora non potuistis vigilare mecum  No 5 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Maundy Thursday. Responsory 9: Seniores populi consilium fecerunt  No 6 of Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Missa Ascendens Christus in altum (Victoria)
Missa Ave maris stella (Victoria)
Missa Ave regina caelorum (Victoria)
Missa De Beata Maria Virgine (Victoria)
Missa Dum complerentur (Victoria)
Missa Gaudeamus (Victoria)
Missa O magnum mysterium (Victoria)
Missa O quam gloriosum (Victoria)
Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Missa Surge propera (Victoria)
Missa Trahe me post te (Victoria)
Missa Vidi speciosam (Victoria)
Ne timeas, Maria (Victoria)
Nigra sum (Victoria)
Nisi Dominus (Victoria)
O magnum mysterium (Victoria)
O quam gloriosum (Victoria)
Offertorium  Movement 4 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Pange lingua gloriosi (Victoria)
Popule meus (Victoria)
Pueri Hebraeorum vestimenta (Victoria)
Quae est ista  Part 2 of Vidi speciosam (Victoria)
Regina caeli laetare a 5 (Victoria)
Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine  First line to Graduale, Movement 3 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Responsoria ad Matutinum in ultimi tridui Maioris Hebdomadae 'Tenebrae Responsories' (Victoria)
Salve regina a 5 1583 (Victoria)
Salve regina a 8 (Victoria)
Sancta Maria, succurre miseris (Victoria)
Sanctus and Benedictus  Movement 5 of Missa pro defunctis 'Requiem' (Victoria)
Taedet animam meam vitae meae (Victoria)
Te Deum laudamus (Victoria)
Trahe me post te (Victoria)
Vau. Et egressus est a filia Sion  Lamentation 2 of Lamentations for Maundy Thursday 'In Coena Domini' (Victoria)
Veni Creator Spiritus (Victoria)
Veni Sancte Spiritus (Victoria)
Versa est in luctum (Victoria)
Vexilla regis (Victoria)
Vidi speciosam (Victoria)
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