Hyperion Records

Rameau, Jean-Philippe (1683-1764)  

Jean-Philippe Rameau

born: 25 September 1683
died: 12 September 1764
country: France

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According to one early biographer, Rameau made his operatic debut ‘at an age when the ordinary mortal begins to decay’. This is a slight exaggeration: the composer was, after all, only fifty when his first opera, Hippolyte et Aricie, was first performed in 1733. Yet the statement draws attention to the curiously lop-sided pattern of Rameau’s creative life. Although his compositional activity extended over some six decades, the vast majority of his compositions—including almost thirty operas—belong to the second half of that period.

Born in Dijon in 1683, Rameau spent most of his early life in the comparative obscurity of the French provinces. He began to acquire more than a merely local reputation when he settled in Paris in 1722, publishing his monumental Traité de l’harmonie that year. This epoch-making treatise revolutionized the way in which musicians understood their art and has remained the basis of much of the teaching of harmony ever since.

Yet this reputation as a learned theorist was something of an albatross when Rameau finally plucked up courage to present his first opera. French audiences were initially disconcerted by the forcefulness and complexity of his music, and by what they saw as its excessively Italianate character. While there were some who soon came to terms with the richly inventive new idiom, for others Rameau became a hate-figure, the butt of satirical engravings and lampoons. A dispute erupted between the ramistes, as his growing band of devotees was known, and the lullistes, supporters of the traditional repertory still dominated by the revered though long-dead Lully.

During the mid-1740s, however, Rameau’s colossal stature as an opera composer was more generally acknowledged. After several commissions from Louis XV’s court, among them Platée (1745), he received a royal pension and the title of compositeur du cabinet du roi. By the time Zoroastre appeared in 1749 his works dominated the repertory of the Académie Royale de Musique (the Paris Opéra) to such an extent that one court official forbade the company to stage more than two of them per year ‘for fear of discouraging other composers’.

By the time he died in 1764, Rameau had become the grand old man of French music. His final years were nevertheless bedevilled by controversy. He was embroiled in several pamphlet wars concerning music theory, while during the notorious Querelle des Bouffons (1752–4) this formerly ‘excessively Italianate’ composer found himself under attack by Italophiles as arch-representative (with Lully) of the conservative and, by implication, discredited French style. His penultimate work, Les Paladins (1760), was a flop while his final opera, Les Boréades, was never performed during his lifetime.

from notes by Graham Sadler © 2004

Albums
'Rameau: Keyboard Suites' (CDA67597)
Rameau: Keyboard Suites
'Rameau: Pièces de clavecin' (CDA68071/2)
Rameau: Pièces de clavecin
Pre-order CD by post £20.00 CDA68071/2  2CDs 3 November 2014 Release  
'Rameau: Règne Amour' (CDA67447)
Rameau: Règne Amour
'A French Baroque Diva' (CDA68035)
A French Baroque Diva
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £10.50 Studio Master: FLAC 24-bit 96 kHz £12.00ALAC 24-bit 96 kHz £12.00 CDA68035  Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
'Favourite Baroque Classics' (CDH55020)
Favourite Baroque Classics
MP3 £4.99FLAC £4.99ALAC £4.99Buy by post £5.50 CDH55020  Helios (Hyperion's budget label)  
'Smörgasbord' (CDA67184)
Smörgasbord
'Hyperion monthly sampler – June 2014' (HYP201406)
Hyperion monthly sampler – June 2014
MP3 £0.00FLAC £0.00ALAC £0.00 FREE DOWNLOAD HYP201406  Download-only monthly sampler  
On other labels
'Fauré: Lydia's Vocalises' (CKD488)
Fauré: Lydia's Vocalises
MP3 £8.00FLAC £10.00ALAC £10.00 Studio Master: FLAC 24-bit 96 kHz £18.00ALAC 24-bit 96 kHz £18.00 CKD488  Download only   Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
'La trompette retrouvée' (CKD294)
La trompette retrouvée
MP3 £8.00FLAC £10.00ALAC £10.00 Studio Master: FLAC 24-bit 88.2 kHz £18.00ALAC 24-bit 88.2 kHz £18.00 CKD294  Download only   Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
Complete works available for download
La Dauphine Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord)   November 2014 Release
La lyre enchantée Carolyn Sampson (soprano), Ex Cathedra, Jeffrey Skidmore (conductor)
Les petits marteaux Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord)   November 2014 Release
Menuet en rondeau in C major Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord)   November 2014 Release
Suite from Nais Jonathan Freeman-Attwood (trumpet), Daniel-Ben Pienaar (piano)
Suite in D major Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord)   November 2014 Release
Suite in E minor Angela Hewitt (piano)
Suite in E minor Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord)   November 2014 Release
Suite in G minor Angela Hewitt (piano)
Suite in G minor Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord)   November 2014 Release
Suite No 1 in A minor Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord)   November 2014 Release
Suite No 2 in A minor Angela Hewitt (piano)
Suite No 2 in A minor Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord)   November 2014 Release
Alphabetical listing of all musical works
Accordez vos sons et vos pas  No 1 from La lyre enchantée (Rameau)
Air gracieux – L'Amour, le seul Amour  Extract from Dardanus (Rameau)
Air vif. Torture d'Alphise  Act 4 of Les Boréades (Rameau/Lidström)
Allemande  Movement 1 of Suite in E minor (Rameau)
Allemande  Movement 1 of Suite No 2 in A minor (Rameau)
Amour, lance tes traits  Act 3 Scene 4 from Platée (Rameau)
Aux langueurs d'Apollon  Extract from Platée (Rameau)
Castor et Pollux (Rameau)
C'est trop soupirer  Extract from Les Paladins (Rameau)
Contredanse générale  Movement 8 of Suite from Nais (Rameau/Pienaar)
Courante  Movement 2 of Suite in E minor (Rameau)
Courante  Movement 2 of Suite No 2 in A minor (Rameau)
Dardanus (Rameau)
Double 5   Suite No 2 in A minor (Rameau)
Du pouvoir de l'Amour  Extract from Pygmalion (Rameau)
Écoutons … D'un doux frémissement  No 3 from La lyre enchantée (Rameau)
Entrée majestueuse des dieux  Movement 2 of Suite from Nais (Rameau/Pienaar)
Fanfarinette  Movement 5 of Suite No 2 in A minor (Rameau)
Formons les plus brillants concerts  Extract from Platée (Rameau)
Fra le pupille  Extract from Les Indes galantes (Rameau)
Gavotte   Suite No 2 in A minor (Rameau)
Gavotte vive (pour les Zéphirs)  Movement 3 of Suite from Nais (Rameau/Pienaar)
Gigue en rondeau I  Movement 3a of Suite in E minor (Rameau)
Gigue en rondeau II  Movement 3b of Suite in E minor (Rameau)
Hippolyte et Aricie (Rameau)
Honneur à la Folie – Aimables jeux  Extract from Platée (Rameau)
Honneur à la Folie – Je jeux finir – Hymen  Extract from Platée (Rameau)
La boiteuse  Movement 10 of Suite in D major (Rameau)
La Dauphine (Rameau)
La follette (rondeau)  Movement 5 of Suite in D major (Rameau)
La joyeuse (rondeau)  Movement 4 of Suite in D major (Rameau)
La lyre enchantée (Rameau)
La poule  Movement 4 of Suite in G minor (Rameau)
La triomphante  Movement 6 of Suite No 2 in A minor (Rameau)
La villageoise (rondeau)  Movement 8 of Suite in E minor (Rameau)
Le lardon (menuet)  Movement 9 of Suite in D major (Rameau)
Le rappel des oiseaux  Movement 4 of Suite in E minor (Rameau)
Le triomphante  Movement 6 of Suite No 2 in A minor (Rameau)
L'egiptienne  Movement 8 of Suite in G minor (Rameau)
L'enharmonique  Movement 7 of Suite in G minor (Rameau)
L'entretien des Muses  Movement 6 of Suite in D major (Rameau)
Les Boréades (Rameau/Lidström)
Les cyclopes (rondeau)  Movement 8 of Suite in D major (Rameau)
Les Indes galantes (Rameau)
Les niais de Sologne  Movement 2 of Suite in D major (Rameau)
Les Paladins (Rameau)
Les petits marteaux (Rameau)
Les sauvages  Movement 6 of Suite in G minor (Rameau)
Les soupirs  Movement 3 of Suite in D major (Rameau)
Les tendres plaintes (rondeau)  Movement 1 of Suite in D major (Rameau)
Les tourbillons (rondeau)  Movement 7 of Suite in D major (Rameau)
Les tricotets (rondeau)  Movement 1 of Suite in G minor (Rameau)
Les triolets  Movement 5 of Suite in G minor (Rameau)
Les trois mains  Movement 4 of Suite No 2 in A minor (Rameau)
L'indifferente  Movement 2 of Suite in G minor (Rameau)
Marche pour les différentes nations – Par tes bienfaits  Extract from Dardanus (Rameau)
Menuet en rondeau – Si l'Amour coûte des soupirs  Extract from Dardanus (Rameau)
Menuet en rondeau in C major (Rameau)
Menuets I & II  Movement 3 of Suite in G minor (Rameau)
Musette en rondeau  Movement 6 of Suite in E minor (Rameau)
Musettes, résonnez – Menuet en rondeau  Extract from Les Indes galantes (Rameau)
Ouverture (La discorde et la guerre)  Movement 1 of Suite from Nais (Rameau/Pienaar)
Platée (Rameau)
Pygmalion (Rameau)
Règne Amour  Extract from Zoroastre (Rameau)
Régnez, Amour  Extract from Les Indes galantes (Rameau)
Rigaudon I – Rigaudon II – Fuyez, vents orageux!  Extract from Les Indes galantes (Rameau)
Rigaudons I, II & double  Movement 5 of Suite in E minor (Rameau)
Rossignols amoureux  Extract from Hippolyte et Aricie (Rameau)
Sarabande  Movement 3 of Suite No 2 in A minor (Rameau)
Soleil, fuis de ces lieux!  Extract from Platée (Rameau)
Suite from Nais (Rameau/Pienaar)
Suite in D major (Rameau)
Suite in E minor (Rameau)
Suite in G minor (Rameau)
Suite No 1 in A minor (Rameau)
Suite No 2 in A minor (Rameau)
Tambourin  Movement 7 of Suite in E minor (Rameau)
Tambourin I – Tambourin II  Extract from Dardanus (Rameau)
Tambourin I – Tambourin II – Partez!  Extract from Les Indes galantes (Rameau)
Tempête. La nuit couvre les cieux!  Extract from Les Indes galantes (Rameau)
Un tendre intérêt vous appelle – Tristes apprêts  Act 1 Scenes 2-3 from Castor et Pollux (Rameau)
Vénitienne  Movement 7 of Suite No 1 in A minor (Rameau)
Vole, Amour, prête-moi tes armes  No 4 of La lyre enchantée (Rameau)
Zoroastre (Rameau)
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