Hyperion Records

Medtner, Nikolai (1880-1951)  

Nikolai Medtner

born: 5 January 1880
died: 13 November 1951
country: Russia

When one considers the life of Nikolai Karlovich Medtner it is impossible not to be amazed by his strange, tragic and yet marvellous destiny. He was recognized in Russia at the beginning of the twentieth century as one of the most important composers and was, with Scriabin and Rachmaninov, an extremely influential, almost ‘cult’ figure for a whole generation of the Russian intellectual élite. He was also a great pianist and an outstanding musical thinker. His personality was completely divorced from everyday life, but the depth and power of his intellect, entirely absorbed in music, philosophy and the history of culture, were deeply respected by such contemporaries as Nikisch, Rachmaninov, Furtwängler, Koussevitsky, Glazunov and Prokofiev. There is thus something of a paradox in the fact that for the last thirty years of his life, when he lived in the West, he remained practically unknown to the general public and spent most of his life in abject poverty.

His music is the subject of a similar paradox. More than half a century of composing saw his style change remarkably little; critical reaction, however, differed wildly. Some thought of him as an innovator where others considered him an arch-conservative. Some felt he was the heir to the great Germanic tradition, while others spoke of his Russian soul and his ability to capture in his music the atmosphere of Russia at the turn of the century. It would seem, then, that neither the composer’s personality nor his musical style can be analysed within the limits of a single tradition, be this even the rich tradition of a Russia or Germany. This ambivalence stems from Medtner’s own origins. Since Peter the Great had, in the words of Pushkin, ‘opened a window into Europe’, thousands of foreigners had been living in Russia. This strange community, which juxtaposed European roots with the changing environment of Russia, formed a unique part of Russian life and produced many remarkable figures—men of art, science and politics.

Medtner’s ancestors probably left Germany in the eighteenth century, and he was born in Moscow. Both his personality and his music evince a combination of Germanic tendency to weighty philosophizing and typically Moscovite spirit. The beginning of Medtner’s artistic activity came at a time which many consider to have been one of the high points in the history of Russian culture. This era is known as the Silver Age, or the Russian Renaissance. At the turn of the century the arts, music and philosophy were flourishing in Russia; the revolution of 1917 brought this unique period to an end. Like Scriabin and Rachmaninov, Medtner expressed the raw nerve of this momentous time: his contemporaries noted the ‘psychologically intense, demonic’ character of his music. Yet the composer used the ‘eternal laws of music’ alongside these more elusive, transient and indefinable principles. Much later, in 1930, in his book Muse and Mode he analysed with scientific precision the basic elements of the language of music (melody, harmony, rhythm), interpreting them in the spirit of the classical tradition of the nineteenth century and repudiating the whole development of modern music. Thus Medtner’s music is not easy to understand because of its complicated combination of entirely different elements: the fusion of German roots and Russian spirit, the quest for new musical expression and dedicated conservatism, a rare intelligence and almost childlike naïvety.

What was the genesis of Medtner’s style? He considered himself a follower of Beethoven and the best of his work reflects the great polyphonic skill, the detailed development of short compact motifs, and the severe spirit and concentrated depth of the late Beethoven sonatas. No less important for Medtner was German Romanticism in general and Schumann’s legacy in particular. Goethe (with whom Medtner’s great-grandfather was acquainted) was a permanent source of inspiration for him. Medtner was often compared with Brahms and there are indeed comparisons to be made: the deep seriousness of his music, some of the special harmonic features, the interest in intricate cross-rhythms, and piano-writing. Nevertheless, it would be a great mistake to consider him neo-Brahmsian. Medtner never imitated anybody and was, moreover, not noted for his interest in Brahms’s music. The similarities are rather the result of their independent development of the commonly inherited Romantic tradition.

Comparison of Medtner and Rachmaninov is more justifiable. They were great friends for most of their lives and they influenced each other in many ways. Medtner was enchanted by the beauty of Rachmaninov’s melodies and Rachmaninov was highly impressed by Medtner’s quest for new harmonies and rhythms. It is significant that Rachmaninov dedicated to Medtner his Fourth Piano Concerto, the most explicit instance of this mutual inspiration.

The best of Medtner’s music represents something very special, and it is unmistakable: the melodies and harmonies are inimitable in the way they are drawn from the piano, an instrument cherished by Medtner as much as by Chopin. Today, forty years after Medtner’s death, we see that the heroic, self-sacrificing work to which he devoted his whole life was not in vain. His music, imbued with the strength of his powerful spirit and the beauty he believed in, is discovering a new life.

from notes by Dmitri Alexeev 1994

Albums
'Medtner & Rachmaninov: Piano Sonatas' (CDA67936)
Medtner & Rachmaninov: Piano Sonatas
Pre-order CD by post £10.50 CDA67936  September 2014 Release  
'Medtner: Arabesques, Dithyrambs, Elegies & other short piano works' (CDA67851/2)
Medtner: Arabesques, Dithyrambs, Elegies & other short piano works
Buy by post £10.00 CDA67851/2  2CDs Please, someone, buy me …  
'Medtner: Demidenko plays Medtner' (CDH55315)
Medtner: Demidenko plays Medtner
Buy by post £5.50 CDH55315  Helios (Hyperion's budget label)  
'Medtner: Forgotten Melodies' (CDA67578)
Medtner: Forgotten Melodies
Buy by post £10.50 CDA67578 
'Medtner: Music for two pianos' (CDH55337)
Medtner: Music for two pianos
Buy by post £5.50 CDH55337  Helios (Hyperion's budget label)  
'Medtner: Piano Concerto No 1 & Piano Quintet' (CDA66744)
Medtner: Piano Concerto No 1 & Piano Quintet
Buy by post £10.50 CDA66744 
'Medtner: Piano Concertos Nos 2 & 3' (CDA66580)
Medtner: Piano Concertos Nos 2 & 3
Buy by post £10.50 CDA66580 
'Medtner: Skazki' (CDA67491/2)
Medtner: Skazki
Buy by post £27.98 (ARCHIVE SERVICE) CDA67491/2  2CDs Archive Service  
'Medtner: The Complete Piano Sonatas' (CDA67221/4)
Medtner: The Complete Piano Sonatas
Buy by post £30.00 CDA67221/4  4CDs for the price of 3  
'Medtner: Violin Sonatas Nos 1 & 3' (CDA67963)
Medtner: Violin Sonatas Nos 1 & 3
Buy by post £10.50 CDA67963  Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
'Hyperion monthly sampler – September 2014' (HYP201409)
Hyperion monthly sampler – September 2014
HYP201409  Download-only monthly sampler  
'Rachmaninov & Medtner: Piano Sonatas' (CDA67936)
Rachmaninov & Medtner: Piano Sonatas
Pre-order CD by post £10.50 CDA67936  September 2014 Release  
'Marc-André Hamelin live at Wigmore Hall' (CDA66765)
Marc-André Hamelin live at Wigmore Hall
Buy by post £13.99 (ARCHIVE SERVICE) CDA66765  Archive Service  
'Pushkin Romances' (CDA67773)
Pushkin Romances
Buy by post £10.50 CDA67773 
'Russian Images, Vol. 1' (CDA67105)
Russian Images, Vol. 1
Buy by post £10.50 CDA67105 
'Russian Images, Vol. 2' (CDA67205)
Russian Images, Vol. 2
Buy by post £10.50 CDA67205 
'The Composer-Pianists' (CDA67050)
The Composer-Pianists
Buy by post £13.99 (ARCHIVE SERVICE) CDA67050  Archive Service  
Alphabetical listing of all musical works
6 Stikhotvoreniy A Pushkina '6 Pushkin Poems', Op 36 (Medtner)
6 Stikhotvoreniy Pushkina '6 Pushkin Poems', Op 32 (Medtner)
7 Stikhotvoreniy Pushkina '7 Pushkin Poems', Op 29 (Medtner)
Alla Reminiscenza: Quasi coda  No 8 of Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 38 (Medtner)
Am Amboss: Allegro, molto pesante e poco rubato  No 2 of Drei Hymnen an die Arbeit, Op 49 (Medtner)
Bird's Tale: Allegretto con moto capriccioso e sempre leggiero  No 2 of Romantic Sketches for the Young, Op 54 (Medtner)
Campanella: Pesante, minaccioso  No 2 of Skazki, Op 20 (Medtner)
Canzona fluviala: Allegretto con moto  No 4 of Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 38 (Medtner)
Canzona matinata in G major: Allegretto cantando, ma sempre con moto  No 4 of Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 39 (Medtner)
Canzona serenata in F minor: Moderato  No 6 of Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 38 (Medtner)
Caprice: Allegretto capriccioso  No 2 of Quatre Morceaux, Op 4 (Medtner)
Dance Tale: Allegro risoluto  No 1 of Skazki, Op 48 (Medtner)
Danza festiva: Presto  No 3 of Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 38 (Medtner)
Danza graziosa: Con moto leggiero  No 2 of Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 38 (Medtner)
Danza rustica: Allegro commodo  No 5 of Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 38 (Medtner)
Danza silvestra  No 7 of Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 38 (Medtner)
Daphnis und Chloe: Andante  No 1 of Drei Novellen, Op 17 (Medtner)
Drei Arabesken, Op 7 (Medtner)
Drei Dithyramben, Op 10 (Medtner)
Drei Hymnen an die Arbeit, Op 49 (Medtner)
Drei Novellen, Op 17 (Medtner)
Ein Idyll: Allegretto tranquillo e dolce  No 1 of Drei Arabesken, Op 7 (Medtner)
Eine Ball-Reminiscenz: Schwärmend  No 2 of Trois Improvisations, Op 2 (Medtner)
Étude in C minor (Medtner)
Étude: Allegro assai  No 1 of Quatre Morceaux, Op 4 (Medtner)
Gde nasha roza 'Where is our rose'  First line to Roza 'The rose', No 6 of 7 Stikhotvoreniy Pushkina '7 Pushkin Poems', Op 29 (Medtner)
Hymn 'Prelude': Allegretto tranquillo  No 7 of Romantic Sketches for the Young, Op 54 (Medtner)
Improvisation: Andantino, gracile  No 1 of Trois Morceaux, Op 31 (Medtner)
Knight Errant  No 2 of Two Pieces, Op 58 (Medtner)
Lish' rozï uvyadayut 'When roses wither'  No 3 of 6 Stikhotvoreniy A Pushkina '6 Pushkin Poems', Op 36 (Medtner)
March of the Paladin: Allegro marciale  No 2 of Skazki, Op 14 (Medtner)
Marche funèbre: Andante lugubre  No 2 of Trois Morceaux, Op 31 (Medtner)
Meditazione: Introduzione, quasi Cadenza – Meno mosso – Meditamente  No 1 of Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 39 (Medtner)
Mogu l zabït to sladkoye mgnovenye 'Could I ever forget that delightful moment'  First line to Vals 'The waltz', No 5 of 6 Stikhotvoreniy Pushkina '6 Pushkin Poems', Op 32 (Medtner)
Moment musical: Agitato  No 3 of Quatre Morceaux, Op 4 (Medtner)
Muza 'The muse'  No 1 of 7 Stikhotvoreniy Pushkina '7 Pushkin Poems', Op 29 (Medtner)
Nach der Arbeit: Allegro vivace  No 3 of Drei Hymnen an die Arbeit, Op 49 (Medtner)
Nezhdannyi dozhd' 'Unexpected rain', Op 28 No 1 (Medtner)
Nixe 'Rusalka': Veloce  No 1 of Trois Improvisations, Op 2 (Medtner)
Ophelia's Song: Andantino con moto  No 1 of Skazki, Op 14 (Medtner)
Pastoral 'Prelude': Allegretto con moto abbandonamente  No 1 of Romantic Sketches for the Young, Op 54 (Medtner)
Phrygian Mode: Con moto disinvolto et grazioso  No 2 of Skazki, Op 42 (Medtner)
Piano Concerto No 1 in C minor, Op 33 (Medtner)
Piano Concerto No 2 in C minor, Op 50 (Medtner)
Piano Concerto No 3 in E minor, Op 60 (Medtner)
Piano Quintet in C major, Op posth. (Medtner)
Prélude: Allegro appassionato  No 4 of Quatre Morceaux, Op 4 (Medtner)
Primavera: Vivace  No 3 of Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 39 (Medtner)
Quatre Morceaux, Op 4 (Medtner)
Romantic Sketches for the Young, Op 54 (Medtner)
Romanza: Meditamente  No 2 of Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 39 (Medtner)
Roza 'The rose'  No 6 of 7 Stikhotvoreniy Pushkina '7 Pushkin Poems', Op 29 (Medtner)
Russian Round-Dance 'A Tale'  No 1 of Two Pieces, Op 58 (Medtner)
Russian Tale: Allegro sostenuto  No 1 of Skazki, Op 42 (Medtner)
Scherzo infernale: Prestissimo possibile  No 3 of Trois Improvisations, Op 2 (Medtner)
Skazka '1915' (Medtner)
Skazka: Allegretto capriccioso, con molto tenerezza  No 3 of Trois Morceaux, Op 31 (Medtner)
Skazki, Op 14 (Medtner)
Skazki, Op 20 (Medtner)
Skazki, Op 26 (Medtner)
Skazki, Op 34 (Medtner)
Skazki, Op 35 (Medtner)
Skazki, Op 42 (Medtner)
Skazki, Op 48 (Medtner)
Skazki, Op 51 (Medtner)
Skazki, Op 8 (Medtner)
Skazki, Op 9 (Medtner)
Sonata in A flat major  No 1 of Sonaten-Triade, Op 11 (Medtner)
Sonata in A minor, Op 30 (Medtner)
Sonata in B flat minor 'Sonata Romantica', Op 53 No 1 (Medtner)
Sonata in C major  No 3 of Sonaten-Triade, Op 11 (Medtner)
Sonata in D minor 'Sonata-Elegy'  No 2 of Sonaten-Triade, Op 11 (Medtner)
Sonata in E minor 'Night Wind', Op 25 No 2 (Medtner)
Sonata in F minor 'Sonata Minacciosa', Op 53 No 2 (Medtner)
Sonata in F minor, Op 5 (Medtner)
Sonata in G minor, Op 22 (Medtner)
Sonata tragica in C minor: Allegro risoluto  No 5 of Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 39 (Medtner)
Sonata-Ballada in F sharp major, Op 27 (Medtner)
Sonata-Reminiscenza in A minor: Allegretto tranquillo  No 1 of Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 38 (Medtner)
Sonata-Skazka in C minor, Op 25 No 1 (Medtner)
Sonate-Idylle in G major, Op 56 (Medtner)
Sonaten-Triade, Op 11 (Medtner)
Stimmungsbilder, Op 1 (Medtner)
Sumerki 'Twilight', Op 24 No 4 (Medtner)
Tale of the Elves: Con moto flessibile  No 2 of Skazki, Op 48 (Medtner)
Tender Reproach 'Prelude': Allegretto, molto tranquillo e commodo  No 5 of Romantic Sketches for the Young, Op 54 (Medtner)
The Beggar 'Tale': Narrante  No 8 of Romantic Sketches for the Young, Op 54 (Medtner)
The Magic Violin: Tempo cangiando, abbandonamente  No 1 of Skazki, Op 34 (Medtner)
The Organ Grinder 'Tale': Allegro assai  No 6 of Romantic Sketches for the Young, Op 54 (Medtner)
Theme and variations in C sharp minor, Op 55 (Medtner)
Tragoedie-Fragment in A minor: Andantino con moto  No 2 of Drei Arabesken, Op 7 (Medtner)
Tragoedie-Fragment in G minor: Allegro inquieto ma al rigore di tempo  No 3 of Drei Arabesken, Op 7 (Medtner)
Trois Improvisations, Op 2 (Medtner)
Trois Morceaux, Op 31 (Medtner)
Two Pieces, Op 58 (Medtner)
V mladenchestve moyom ona menya lyubila 'When I was a child she loved me'  First line to Muza 'The muse', No 1 of 7 Stikhotvoreniy Pushkina '7 Pushkin Poems', Op 29 (Medtner)
Vals 'The waltz'  No 5 of 6 Stikhotvoreniy Pushkina '6 Pushkin Poems', Op 32 (Medtner)
Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 38 (Medtner)
Vergessene Weisen 'Forgotten Melodies', Op 39 (Medtner)
Vesenneye uspokoyeniye 'Spring Solace', Op 28 No 5 (Medtner)
Vier Lyrische Fragmente, Op 23 (Medtner)
Violin Sonata No 1 in B minor, Op 21 (Medtner)
Violin Sonata No 3 in E minor 'Sonata Epica', Op 57 (Medtner)
Vor der Arbeit: Allegretto molto tranquillo  No 1 of Drei Hymnen an die Arbeit, Op 49 (Medtner)
Ya perezhil svoi zhelan'ya 'I have outlived my aspirations', Op 3 No 2 (Medtner)
Zaklinaniye 'Invocation' 'The call', Op 29 No 7 (Medtner)
Zwei Elegien, Op 59 (Medtner)
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