Hyperion Records

Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel (1714-1788)  
Bust at the Konzerthaus, Berlin

Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach

born: 8 March 1714
died: 14 December 1788
country: Germany

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In 1773 the English music historian Charles Burney cautioned that the works of CPE Bach were ‘so uncommon, that a little habit is necessary for the enjoyment of [them]’. In fact, he claimed, many critics faulted Bach for writing works that were ‘fantastical’ and ‘far-fetched’. Burney, however, then rushed to Bach’s defence. ‘His flights are not the wild ravings of ignorance or madness, but the effusions of cultivated genius. His pieces … will be found, upon a close examination, to be so rich in invention, taste, and learning, that … each line of them, if wire-drawn, would furnish more new ideas than can be discovered in a whole page of many other compositions.’

Indeed, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714–1788), second son of Johann Sebastian, was both revered and criticized by his contemporaries for his bold departures from conventional modes of musical expression. During his years as ‘first harpsichordist’ at the court of Frederick the Great of Prussia, and later as music director of the principal churches in Hamburg, Bach perfected a highly original and intensely personal compositional style known as the empfindsamer Stil (literally, the ‘sensitive style’). Bach’s approach to musical expressiveness found voice in frequent mood changes, wide melodic leaps, abundant rests and ‘sighing’ motifs, irregular phrase structures, the juxtaposition of contrasting rhythmic figures, deceptive cadences, and dramatic, rhetorical harmonic interjections. Bach became particularly renowned for his ability to improvise fantasias—seemingly free-form, stream-of-consciousness flights of fancy characterized by unmeasured rhythm and distant harmonic excursions. Yet underlying even the most improvisatory of his compositions is a coherent structure. Bach himself instructed his students to construct such fantasias by first devising a strict harmonic foundation, and he even published an analysis of one of his own pieces in which he presented the skeletal framework lying beneath its surface irregularity.

Emanuel Bach’s music thus breaks dramatically away from, yet also builds upon, the early eighteenth-century style perfected by his father. His compositions mark one of the first—and among the most inspired—repudiations of the Baroque aesthetic, in which a single unified mood dominates each movement. Significantly, however, Bach does not simply contrast two emotional states, as is typical in later Classical works, but rather explores a multitude of affects juxtaposed in close proximity and often set off by rests or dynamic changes. In fact, CPE Bach not only set in motion many of the changes that would become manifest in the music of Haydn and Beethoven, but also looked beyond the Classical period to many of the ideals of the nineteenth century.

from notes by Leta Miller © 2010

Albums
'Bach (CPE): Die Auferstehung und Himmelfahrt Jesu' (CDH55478)
Bach (CPE): Die Auferstehung und Himmelfahrt Jesu
MP3 £4.99FLAC £4.99ALAC £4.99Buy by post £5.50 CDH55478  Helios (Hyperion's budget label)  
'Bach (CPE): Flute Concerto & Sonatas' (CDH88033)
Bach (CPE): Flute Concerto & Sonatas
MP3 £4.99FLAC £4.99ALAC £4.99Buy by post £13.99 (ARCHIVE SERVICE) CDH88033  Helios (Hyperion's budget label) — Archive Service  
'Bach (CPE): Flute Concertos' (CDA67226)
Bach (CPE): Flute Concertos
'Bach (CPE): Keyboard Sonatas, Vol. 1' (CDA67786)
Bach (CPE): Keyboard Sonatas, Vol. 1
'Bach (CPE): Keyboard Sonatas, Vol. 2' (CDA67908)
Bach (CPE): Keyboard Sonatas, Vol. 2
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £10.50 Studio Master: FLAC 24-bit 96 kHz £12.00ALAC 24-bit 96 kHz £12.00 CDA67908  Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
'Bach (CPE): La Folia & other works' (CDH55232)
Bach (CPE): La Folia & other works
MP3 £4.99FLAC £4.99ALAC £4.99Buy by post £13.99 (ARCHIVE SERVICE) CDH55232  Helios (Hyperion's budget label) — Archive Service  
'Bach (CPE): Württemberg Sonatas' (CDA67995)
Bach (CPE): Württemberg Sonatas
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £10.50 Studio Master: FLAC 24-bit 88.2 kHz £12.00ALAC 24-bit 88.2 kHz £12.00 CDA67995  Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
'Arias for Guadagni' (CDA67924)
Arias for Guadagni
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £10.50 Studio Master: FLAC 24-bit 88.2 kHz £12.00ALAC 24-bit 88.2 kHz £12.00 CDA67924  Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
'Bach: Flute Sonatas' (CDA67897)
Bach: Flute Sonatas
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £10.50 Studio Master: FLAC 24-bit 44.1 kHz £9.00ALAC 24-bit 44.1 kHz £9.00 CDA67897  Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
'Bach: The Complete Flute Sonatas & the attributions' (CDD22077)
Bach: The Complete Flute Sonatas & the attributions
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £10.50 CDD22077  2CDs Dyad (2 for the price of 1)  
'La Folia' (CDA67035)
La Folia
'Hyperion monthly sampler – January 2014' (HYP201401)
Hyperion monthly sampler – January 2014
MP3 £0.00FLAC £0.00ALAC £0.00 FREE DOWNLOAD HYP201401  Download-only monthly sampler  
'Hyperion monthly sampler – March 2014' (HYP201403)
Hyperion monthly sampler – March 2014
MP3 £0.00FLAC £0.00ALAC £0.00 FREE DOWNLOAD HYP201403  Download-only monthly sampler  
On other labels
'Fantasien' (CKD441)
Fantasien
MP3 £8.00FLAC £10.00ALAC £10.00 CKD441  Download only  
Complete works available for download
12 Variationen über die Folie d'Espagne, H263 Wq118/9 Robert Woolley (harpsichord)
Die Auferstehung und Himmelfahrt Jesu, H777 Ex Tempore, La Petite Bande, Sigiswald Kuijken (conductor)
Duet for flute and violin in E minor, H598 Wq140 Marc Grauwels (flute), Ulka Gorniak (violin)
Fantasie in E flat major, H277 Wq58/6 Sivan Magen (harp)
Fantasie in F sharp minor, H300 Wq67 Danny Driver (piano)
Flute Concerto in A major, H438 Wq168 Rachel Brown (flute), The Brandenburg Consort, Roy Goodman (conductor)
Flute Concerto in D minor, H425 Wq22 Rachel Brown (flute), The Brandenburg Consort, Roy Goodman (conductor)
Flute Concerto in D minor, H426 Wq22 Marc Grauwels (flute), L'orchestre de chambre dall'arco, Budapest, Jack Martin Händler (conductor)
Flute Concerto in G major, H445 Wq169 Rachel Brown (flute), The Brandenburg Consort, Roy Goodman (conductor)
Orchester-Sinfonie in D major, H663 Arcangelo, Jonathan Cohen (conductor)
Rondo in D minor, H290 Wq61/4 Danny Driver (piano)
Sinfonia a tre voci in D major, H585 The Purcell Quartet
Sonata for flute and continuo in E minor, H551 Wq124 Marc Grauwels (flute), Guy Penson (harpsichord), Jan Sciffer (cello)
Sonata for flute and continuo in G major, H564 Wq133 Marc Grauwels (flute), Guy Penson (harpsichord), Jan Sciffer (cello)
Sonata in A flat major, H31 Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord)
Sonata in A major, H135 Wq65/32 Danny Driver (piano)
Sonata in A major, H29 Wq48/6 Danny Driver (piano)
Sonata in A minor, H30 Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord)
Sonata in B flat major, H25 Wq48/2 Danny Driver (piano)
Sonata in B flat major, H32 Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord)
Sonata in B minor, H36 Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord)
Sonata in C minor, H121 Wq65/31 Danny Driver (piano)
Sonata in C minor, H27 Wq48/4 Danny Driver (piano)
Sonata in E flat major, H34 Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord)
Sonata in E flat major, H50 Wq52/1 Danny Driver (piano)
Sonata in E major, H39 Wq62/5 Danny Driver (piano)
Sonata in E minor, H33 Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord)
Sonata in F sharp minor, H37 Wq52/4 Danny Driver (piano)
Sonata in G minor, H47 Wq65/17 Danny Driver (piano)
Sonata per il flauto solo senza basso in A minor, H562 Wq132 Marc Grauwels (flute)
Trio Sonata in B flat major, H584 Wq158 The Purcell Quartet
Trio Sonata in C minor 'Sanguineus and Melancholicus', H579 Wq161/1 The Purcell Quartet
Viola da gamba Sonata in D major, H559 Wq137 Richard Boothby (viola da gamba), Robert Woolley (harpsichord)
JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH  (1685-1750)
Sonata in G minor, BWV1020 Lisa Beznosiuk (flute), Paul Nicholson (harpsichord/virginals)
Sonata in G minor, BWV1020 Andrea Oliva (flute), Angela Hewitt (piano)
Alphabetical listing of all musical works
12 Variationen über die Folie d'Espagne, H263 Wq118/9 (Bach)
Die Auferstehung und Himmelfahrt Jesu, H777 (Bach)
Duet for flute and violin in E minor, H598 Wq140 (Bach)
Fantasie in E flat major, H277 Wq58/6 (Bach/Magen)
Fantasie in F sharp minor, H300 Wq67 (Bach)
Flute Concerto in A major, H438 Wq168 (Bach)
Flute Concerto in D minor, H425 Wq22 (Bach)
Flute Concerto in D minor, H426 Wq22 (Bach)
Flute Concerto in G major, H445 Wq169 (Bach)
Orchester-Sinfonie in D major, H663 (Bach)
Rondo in D minor, H290 Wq61/4 (Bach)
Sinfonia a tre voci in D major, H585 (Bach)
Sonata for flute and continuo in E minor, H551 Wq124 (Bach)
Sonata for flute and continuo in G major, H564 Wq133 (Bach)
Sonata in A flat major, H31 (Bach)
Sonata in A major, H135 Wq65/32 (Bach)
Sonata in A major, H29 Wq48/6 (Bach)
Sonata in A minor, H30 (Bach)
Sonata in B flat major, H25 Wq48/2 (Bach)
Sonata in B flat major, H32 (Bach)
Sonata in B minor, H36 (Bach)
Sonata in C minor, H121 Wq65/31 (Bach)
Sonata in C minor, H27 Wq48/4 (Bach)
Sonata in E flat major, H34 (Bach)
Sonata in E flat major, H50 Wq52/1 (Bach)
Sonata in E major, H39 Wq62/5 (Bach)
Sonata in E minor, H33 (Bach)
Sonata in F sharp minor, H37 Wq52/4 (Bach)
Sonata in G minor, BWV1020 (Bach/Bach)
Sonata in G minor, H47 Wq65/17 (Bach)
Sonata per il flauto solo senza basso in A minor, H562 Wq132 (Bach)
Trio Sonata in B flat major, H584 Wq158 (Bach)
Trio Sonata in C minor 'Sanguineus and Melancholicus', H579 Wq161/1 (Bach)
Viola da gamba Sonata in D major, H559 Wq137 (Bach)
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