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Pavana and Galiarda, BK4

FVB (Nos 165, 166). [Neighbour, ‘Pavan & Galliard g3’ p 197]

This is one of Byrd’s rarer short ‘8-bar’ pavans. Normally, therefore, both the pavan and its galliard would be expected to run to 48 semibreves each and have six 8-bar sections. However, the galliard here has four strains, of 8, 8, 4 and 4 bars (each repeated), so the overall length is the same despite the internal organisation being different. The same procedure may be seen in only one other Byrd galliard, the one that follows The fourth pavian in the Nevell sequence (BK30b). The present pair is in Dorian G minor. The three strains of the pavan, unusually, all start on chords of G, although the galliard has a more varied tonal scheme, with the second strain starting on F (emphasising the Dorian character). These works show some stylistic similarities with the more leisurely B flat major pavan and galliard pair (BK23), despite the pavan here being of the ‘8-bar’ variety.

from notes by Davitt Moroney © 1999

La pavane est courte, c’est-à-dire “à huit”. On s’attend donc à ce que les six sections de la pavane ainsi que de la gaillarde aient en tout quarante-huit mesures. Mais la gaillarde a quatre strophes de huit, huit, quatre et quatre mesures (chacune répétée) : ainsi la forme globale reste inchangée, en dépit de l’organisation interne peu habituelle. On trouve le même procédé dans une seule autre pièce de Byrd, la gaillarde qui suit la quatrième pavane de Nevell (BK30b). La paire BK4 est en sol mineur (mode dorien, transposé). Les trois strophes de la pavane commencent toutes sur des accords de sol, mais la gaillarde a un schéma plus varié car sa deuxième strophe commence sur l’accord de fa majeur, qui renforce le caractère dorien. Ces deux œuvres ont certains éléments en commun avec la paire en si bémol majeur (BK23), plus spacieuse, étant “à seize” et non pas “à huit” comme ici.

extrait des notes rédigées par Davitt Moroney © 1999


Byrd: The Complete Keyboard Music
CDS44461/77CDs Boxed set (at a special price) — Archive Service


Movement 1: Pavana
Track 13 on CDS44461/7 CD5 [2'17] 7CDs Boxed set (at a special price) — Archive Service
Movement 2: Galiarda
Track 14 on CDS44461/7 CD5 [1'48] 7CDs Boxed set (at a special price) — Archive Service

Track-specific metadata for CDS44461/7 disc 5 track 14

Recording date
18 December 1996
Recording venue
Abbaye Royale de Fontevraud, France
Recording producer
John Hayward-Warburton
Recording engineer
Ken Blair
Hyperion usage
  1. Byrd: The Complete Keyboard Music (CDA66551/7)
    Disc 5 Track 14
    Release date: September 1999
    Deletion date: July 2010
    7CDs Superseded by CDS44461/7
  2. Byrd: The Complete Keyboard Music (CDS44461/7)
    Disc 5 Track 14
    Release date: September 2010
    Deletion date: October 2018
    7CDs Boxed set (at a special price) — Archive Service
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