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Romancero Gitano, Op 152

composer
1951
author of text

 
Castelnuovo-Tedesco was descended from a family of Spanish Jewish bankers, who had fled Spain many centuries earlier, during which time the original surname Castilla Nueva was “Italianised”. Neither was this the only time when his family had to flee their homeland, for in 1938 the increasing anti-Semitism of Mussolini´s regime forced the family, outspokenly Jewish, to leave for America. It was only thanks to Mario´s influential friends such as Jasha Heifetz and Arturo Toscanini that he managed to get a migrant´s visa for his whole family. Within a few years of moving, Castelnuovo-Tedesco was established in Beverly Hills as a successful composer of film scores (including Agatha Christie’s “And then there were none”) and his students included the young André Previn, John Williams, Jerry Goldsmith and Henry Mancini.

The Romancero Gitano (1951) links Castelnuovo-Tedesco back to Granada, where Federico García Lorca was born. The texts belong not to a “Gypsy Romance Book” but to Lorca’s Poema del Cante Jondo of 1921 (Poem of Deep Song, a type of Flamenco singing). In 1922 García Lorca and Falla had organised the first International Competition of Cante Jondo in Granada.

from notes by Carlos Fernández Aransay © 2008

Castelnuovo-Tedesco descendía de una familia de banqueros judíos que había huido de España muchos siglos antes, italianizando su apellido original de Castilla Nueva. Tampoco fue esa la única ocasión en que habrían de abandonar su patria, puesto que la familia, abiertamente judía, se vio forzada a dejar Italia y emigrar a los EE.UU. en 1938, debido al creciente antisemitismo del régimen de Mussolini. Gracias a su amistad con artistas influyentes como Jasha Heifetz y Arturo Toscanini, Castelnuovo-Tedesco consiguió, tras muchas dificultades, un visado de emigración para toda su familia. En pocos años, se estableció con mucho éxito en Beverly Hills como compositor de bandas sonoras para películas como “Diez negritos” de Agatha Christie. Entre sus alumnos estaban Andre Previn, John Williams, Jerry Goldsmith y Henry Mancini.

El Romancero Gitano (1951) une de nuevo al compositor italiano con Granada, de donde era oriundo Federico García Lorca. Los poemas elegidos por Castelnuovo-Tedesco pertenecen a otra obra lorquiana: el Poema del Cante Jondo, de 1921. Un año más tarde, Federico y Manuel de Falla organizarían en Granada el primer Concurso Internacional de Cante Jondo.

Carlos Fernández Aransay © 2008

Recordings

Yanomami
SIGCD166Download only

Details

Movement 1: Baladilla de los tres ríos  El río Guadalquivir
Track 1 on SIGCD166 [4'48] Download only
Movement 2: La guitarra  Empieza el llanto
Track 2 on SIGCD166 [3'59] Download only
Movement 3: Puñal  El puñal
Track 3 on SIGCD166 [1'43] Download only
Movement 4: Procesión – Paso – Saeta  Por la calleja vienen
Track 4 on SIGCD166 [6'58] Download only
Movement 5: Memento  Cuando yo me muera
Track 5 on SIGCD166 [1'43] Download only
Movement 6: Baile  La Carmen está bailando por las calles de Sevilla
Track 6 on SIGCD166 [2'10] Download only
Movement 7: Crótalo
Track 7 on SIGCD166 [1'41] Download only

Track-specific metadata for SIGCD166 track 3

Puñal
Artists
ISRC
GB-LLH-09-16603
Duration
1'43
Recording date
3 July 2008
Recording venue
St Jude-on-the-Hill, Hampstead Garden Suburb, London, United Kingdom
Recording producer
Lennart Dehn
Recording engineer
Stephan Flock
Hyperion usage
  1. Yanomami (SIGCD166)
    Disc 1 Track 3
    Release date: April 2009
    Download only
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