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Jauchzet Gott in allen Landen!, BWV51

composer
circa 1730

 
J S Bach’s solo cantata Jauchzet Gott in allen Landen!, BWV51, for the combination of soprano, trumpet, strings and continuo, is believed to have been composed in about 1730, by which time the composer had been Kantor of the Thomaskirche in Leipzig for about seven years. Though it was intended for the 15th Sunday after Trinity, the text—which is possibly Bach’s own literary effort—does not correspond closely to appointed readings for that Sunday, which are concerned with vanity and faithlessness; and Bach added the qualification ‘et in ogni tempo’, indicating the work could, in fact, be performed at any time.

Cantata 51 follows the traditional chorale cantata pattern. The first movement is a brilliant da capo aria, in ritornello form, that features bravura passage-work for the singer and the trumpeter, often in virtuoso counterpoint that ranks among Bach’s most original writing for a voice with an obbligato instrument. The recitative second movement opens with a serene chordal accompaniment in the upper strings over a bass ostinato. The soprano’s part, at first restrained and mostly syllabic, becomes much more ornate as it develops. There is a notable example of Bach’s word-painting at the word ‘lallen’, set to a long-drawn-out, rather jagged melisma. The ensuing aria, in a flowing 12/8 rhythm, is under-girded by a mainly stepwise bass line that gives the impression of aspiring continually upwards. The soprano’s elaborate, wide-ranging melodic line perfectly complements the prayer for God to bestow his mercies each day.

The last movement opens with a violin duet, against which the soprano enunciates the chorale melody ‘Nun Lob’, mein Seel’, den Herren’. There are joyful, extended ritornello sections, making much use of instrumental imitation. The movement, and the work, culminates in a blissful setting of ‘Alleluia’ in which the trumpet rejoins the soprano for a display of spiritual virtuosity that has often been rated the finest ‘Alleluia’ setting before that in Mozart’s Exsultate, Jubilate.

from notes by Malcolm MacDonald © 2012

Jauchzet Gott in allen Landen («Jubilez dans toutes les contrées»), BWV51, l’une des très rares cantates conservées de Bach réellement populaires, semble ne jamais se départir de son éclat et de son charme—à condition, bien sûr, de disposer d’un soprano et d’une trompette à la hauteur de ses redoutables exigences techniques. Malgré tout le panache des mouvements extérieurs, focalisés sur la trompette, je trouve que ce sont les mouvements médians qui offrent le plus grand attrait musical—l’accompagnato (nº 2) et le céleste «Höchster, mache deine Güte» à 12/8. Est-ce faire preuve de trop d’imagination que d’entendre dans cette musique les tendres sentiments de Bach pour sa seconde épouse, Anna Magdalena? Comme elle-même était une Kammersängerin des plus accomplies, il se pourrait qu’ils aient donné ensemble cette œuvre à la cour de Weissenfels dans les années 1730.

extrait des notes rédigées par Sir John Eliot Gardiner © 2004
Français: Michel Roubinet

Jauchzet Gott BWV51, von den uns erhaltenen Kantaten Bachs eine der sehr wenigen, die wirklich populär wurden, scheint nie ihren gleißenden Charme zu verlieren—vorausgesetzt allerdings, Sopran und Trompete sind den gewaltigen technischen Anforderungen gewachsen (was hier auf die beiden Schweden, Malin Hartelius und Niklas Eklund, mit Sicherheit zutrifft). Bei aller Brillanz der Ecksätze, die der Trompete den ersten Rang einräumen, sind meiner Meinung nach die Binnensätze—das Accompagnato (Nr. 2) und die himmlische Aria „Höchster, mache deine Güte“ im 12/8-Takt—von musikalisch größerem Reiz. Wäre es zu weit hergeholt, in dieser Musik Bachs zärtliche Gefühle gegenüber seiner zweiten Frau zu entdecken? Sie war eine arrivierte Kammersängerin, und mit ihr hat er möglicherweise in den 1730er Jahren das Werk am Weißenfelser Hof aufgeführt.

aus dem Begleittext von Sir John Eliot Gardiner © 2004
Deutsch: Gudrun Meier

Recordings

Bach: Cantatas Nos 8, 27, 51, 95, 99, 100, 138 & 161
SDG104Download only
Let the bright seraphim
SIGCD289Download only
Aksel! - Arias by Bach, Handel & Mozart
Studio Master: SIGCD435Download onlyStudio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available

Details

No 1. Aria: Jauchzet Gott in allen Landen!
author of text

Track 14 on SDG104 CD1 [4'07] Download only
Track 1 on SIGCD289 [4'13] Download only
Track 1 on SIGCD435 [4'14] Download only
No 2. Recitativo: Wir beten zu dem Tempel an
author of text

Track 15 on SDG104 CD1 [2'09] Download only
Track 2 on SIGCD289 [2'04] Download only
No 3. Aria: Höchster, mache deine Güte
author of text

Track 16 on SDG104 CD1 [4'31] Download only
Track 3 on SIGCD289 [4'09] Download only
No 4. Choral: Sei Lob und Preis mit Ehren
author of text

Track 17 on SDG104 CD1 [3'39] Download only
Track 4 on SIGCD289 [3'22] Download only
No 5. Aria: Alleluja!

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