Hyperion Records

Symphony No 102 in B flat major
composer
first performed at the King's Theatre, Haymarket, London, on 2 February 1795

Recordings
'Haydn: Lord Nelson Mass' (CKD426)
Haydn: Lord Nelson Mass
MP3 £8.00FLAC £10.00ALAC £10.00 CKD426  Download only  
'Haydn: Symphonies Nos 101 & 102' (CDH55127)
Haydn: Symphonies Nos 101 & 102
MP3 £4.99FLAC £4.99ALAC £4.99Buy by post £5.50 CDH55127  Helios (Hyperion's budget label)  
'Haydn: The London Symphonies' (CDS44371/4)
Haydn: The London Symphonies
MP3 £20.00FLAC £20.00ALAC £20.00Buy by post £22.00 CDS44371/4  4CDs Boxed set (at a special price)  
Details
Movement 1: Largo – Vivace
Track 1 on CDS44371/4 CD4 [8'02] 4CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 5 on CDH55127 [7'36] Helios (Hyperion's budget label)
Track 12 on CKD426 [8'31] Download only
Movement 2: Adagio
Track 2 on CDS44371/4 CD4 [5'20] 4CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 6 on CDH55127 [4'55] Helios (Hyperion's budget label)
Track 13 on CKD426 [5'13] Download only
Movement 3: Menuetto – Trio: Allegro
Track 3 on CDS44371/4 CD4 [5'18] 4CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 7 on CDH55127 [4'58] Helios (Hyperion's budget label)
Track 14 on CKD426 [5'45] Download only
Movement 4: Finale: Presto
Track 4 on CDS44371/4 CD4 [4'29] 4CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 8 on CDH55127 [4'27] Helios (Hyperion's budget label)
Track 15 on CKD426 [4'39] Download only

Symphony No 102 in B flat major
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No 102 in B flat major, was introduced on 2 February. This was the concert where a great chandelier crashed to the floor, though since the audience in the parterre had crowded forward to see Haydn at close range, no one suffered more than minor bruises.

In the second set of London symphonies, Haydn’s arguments become even more intricate and engrossing. And the first movement of No 102 is arguably the most challenging of all. It begins with an ethereal slow introduction whose initial five-note phrase (following a long-held unison B flat) will play a crucial role in the main Vivace. From its explosive opening, this is Haydn at his most combative and Beethovenian. The drive and intensity of the music, peppered with violent offbeat accents, never abate; and even the main theme of the second group, heralded by a disruptive unison, is tense and restless where Haydn’s audience had come to expect a catchy, popular-style tune. The development ratchets up the tension even further: first in a rebarbative three-part canon, then, after a solo flute proposes the main theme in the alien key of C major, in a stupendous fortissimo build-up to the recapitulation.

Haydn follows this high-pressure symphonic drama with one of his loveliest meditations, an arrangement of the rhapsodic Adagio from his recent Piano Trio in F sharp minor. It is just possible that the symphony movement came first, though the evidence of the autograph, and the music’s delicately ornamental style—typical of his late keyboard slow movements—suggest otherwise. When the exposition is repeated, it is re-scored with almost impressionistic subtlety, its misty colourings enhanced with muted trumpets and muffled drums. This movement was surely in Rimsky-Korsakov’s mind when he pronounced Haydn the greatest of all orchestrators.

The stomping minuet brings us down to earth, making riotous play with a three-note figure that invades all sections of the orchestra. Haydn spices the comic antics of the finale with a streak of cussedness that brings it into line with the opening Vivace. An early review commented admiringly on the rapid, unpredictable tonal shifts within the main theme. This is another movement that left its mark on Beethoven, not least the coda, where the main theme disintegrates and stammers to a halt before the madcap final send-off—an idea Haydn’s one-time pupil took up in the finale of his Symphony No 4, in the same key.

from notes by Richard Wigmore © 2009

Track-specific metadata
Click track numbers opposite to select

Details for CDS44371/4 disc 4 track 2
Adagio
Artists
ISRC
GB-AJY-09-37402
Duration
5'20
Recording date
1 September 2008
Recording venue
Auditorio Stelio Molo, Lugano, Switzerland
Recording producer
Ben Connellan
Recording engineer
Michael Rast
Hyperion usage
  1. Haydn: The London Symphonies (CDS44371/4)
    Disc 4 Track 2
    Release date: February 2009
    4CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
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