Movement 1: Allegretto moderato
Movement 2: Adagio
Movement 3: Finale: Presto
For the Adagio, Haydn moves to the subdominant, D flat major, an outré key in the eighteenth century and one never used by Mozart. With the extreme tonality goes a peculiar intimacy of expression: from the delicate contrapuntal opening, with the bass descending passacaglia-style, this is one of the most subtle and poetic of all Haydn’s slow movements. The polyphonic and chromatic enrichment of the main theme in the development suggests not so much C P E as J S Bach at his most inward; and Haydn opens up further strange harmonic vistas in the coda. With its catchy, quicksilver main theme, the compact sonata-form finale provides a glorious physical release. Yet for all its exuberance this is no mere frothy romp. The darting semiquaver figuration always has a strong sense of direction, above all in the powerful chromatic sequences just before the recapitulation.
from notes by Richard Wigmore © 2007