Hyperion Records

Symphony No 95 in C minor
composer
first performed in the Hanover Square Rooms, London, in April or early May 1791

Recordings
'Haydn: Symphonies Nos 93-95' (CDH55126)
Haydn: Symphonies Nos 93-95
Buy by post £5.50 CDH55126  Helios (Hyperion's budget label) — Last few CD copies remaining  
'Haydn: The London Symphonies' (CDS44371/4)
Haydn: The London Symphonies
Buy by post £22.00 CDS44371/4  4CDs Boxed set (at a special price)  
Details
Movement 1: Allegro moderato
Track 9 on CDS44371/4 CD1 [6'23] 4CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 9 on CDH55126 [5'47] Helios (Hyperion's budget label) — Last few CD copies remaining
Movement 2: Andante cantabile
Track 10 on CDS44371/4 CD1 [5'17] 4CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 10 on CDH55126 [4'20] Helios (Hyperion's budget label) — Last few CD copies remaining
Movement 3: Menuetto – Trio
Track 11 on CDS44371/4 CD1 [4'40] 4CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 11 on CDH55126 [4'42] Helios (Hyperion's budget label) — Last few CD copies remaining
Movement 4: Finale: Vivace
Track 12 on CDS44371/4 CD1 [3'55] 4CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 12 on CDH55126 [3'42] Helios (Hyperion's budget label) — Last few CD copies remaining

Symphony No 95 in C minor
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No 95 is the only ‘London’ symphony in the minor, and the only one without a slow introduction. For late-eighteenth-century listeners the minor mode implied a gravitas that made a solemn preamble superfluous. No 95’s stark unison ‘motto’ recalls Haydn’s previous C minor Symphony, No 78 of 1782, one of a trio of works written for an aborted London visit. As in the earlier work, the motto invites strenuous contrapuntal treatment. In No 95, though, Haydn is careful to cajole as well as challenge his audience, contrasting C minor severity with an ear-tickling second theme, charmingly adorned in the C major recapitulation with a violin solo for Salomon.

After a lilting theme-and-variations Andante in E flat that includes an expressive cello solo and a free minore episode, the minuet again juxtaposes C minor and major. The main section is by turns edgy and aggressive, while the untroubled C major trio features another, more extended, solo for cello. With the many solo passages, here and elsewhere in the first six London symphonies, Haydn endeared himself both to his audience and his orchestral principals. The sonata-rondo finale begins with a broad, serene C major melody, which Haydn then proceeds to work in an intricate display of counterpoint. With its polyphonic virtuosity and pealing C major splendour (darkened fleetingly by a stormy C minor outburst), the movement has provoked inevitable comparisons with Mozart’s ‘Jupiter’ Symphony. Haydn may even have consciously modelled his far terser finale on Mozart’s.

from notes by Richard Wigmore © 2009

Track-specific metadata
Click track numbers opposite to select

Details for CDS44371/4 disc 1 track 12
Finale: Vivace
Artists
ISRC
GB-AJY-09-37112
Duration
3'55
Recording date
1 September 2007
Recording venue
Auditorio Stelio Molo, Lugano, Switzerland
Recording producer
Ben Connellan
Recording engineer
Michael Rast
Hyperion usage
  1. Haydn: The London Symphonies (CDS44371/4)
    Disc 1 Track 12
    Release date: February 2009
    4CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
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