Hyperion Records

String Quintet in E flat major, K614
composer
completed on 12 April 1791; published by Artaria in 1793 with the inscription Composto per un Amatore Ongharesa, possibly Johann Tost

Recordings
'Mozart: String Quintets' (CDA67861/3)
Mozart: String Quintets
Buy by post £26.00 CDA67861/3  3CDs  
'Mozart: String Quintets' (CDD22005)
Mozart: String Quintets
Buy by post £10.50 CDD22005  2CDs Dyad (2 for the price of 1)  
Details
Movement 1: Allegro di molto
Track 5 on CDA67861/3 CD3 [10'31] 3CDs
Track 5 on CDD22005 CD2 [10'56] 2CDs Dyad (2 for the price of 1)
Movement 2: Andante
Track 6 on CDA67861/3 CD3 [8'02] 3CDs
Track 6 on CDD22005 CD2 [7'47] 2CDs Dyad (2 for the price of 1)
Movement 3: Menuetto: Allegretto – Trio
Track 7 on CDA67861/3 CD3 [4'01] 3CDs
Track 7 on CDD22005 CD2 [4'08] 2CDs Dyad (2 for the price of 1)
Movement 4: Allegro
Track 8 on CDA67861/3 CD3 [5'12] 3CDs
Track 8 on CDD22005 CD2 [5'40] 2CDs Dyad (2 for the price of 1)

String Quintet in E flat major, K614
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Completed on 12 April 1791, the String Quintet in E flat major K614, Mozart’s last major chamber composition, is the most Haydnesque work of his maturity, perhaps a conscious homage to his friend who had left for London a few months earlier. One of the fascinating things about this work is its balance between a frankly popular, even bucolic manner (the first movement is evocative of the chase, with the violas imitating hunting horns at the outset) and a natural Mozartian grace and refinement.

The opening Allegro di molto contrasts a prevailing tone of jocular banter (the horn call is rarely absent for long) with a sinuous second theme, proposed by the first violin and repeated by the cello against veiled chromatic counterpoints in the violas—a wonderful moment of Mozartian expressive ambivalence. For his slow movement Mozart writes a popular-style Romance in gavotte rhythm, of a type familiar elsewhere in Mozart (most famously in Eine kleine Nachtmusik) and Haydn. Like many Haydn movements it fuses rondo and free variation form, with episodes that develop the dainty gavotte theme in increasingly ornate textures.

The jaunty minuet works its ubiquitous descending scale motif in ever-changing instrumental combinations before the violas finally turn it upside down—a slyly witty touch. With a nod to Haydn’s Symphony No 88, the trio presents a lolloping Ländler over a rustic drone bass. In spirit and technique, even the cut of its contredanse tune, the monothematic finale echoes another recent Haydn work, the E flat String Quartet, No 6, from the set published as Op 64. Like Haydn’s finale, it virtuosically combines the popular and (in eighteenth-century parlance) ‘learned’ styles. Brilliant sallies for the first violin and evocations of a gypsy band rub shoulders with bouts of cerebral fugal writing. Then, near the close, Mozart plays the Haydnesque trick of casually turning the melody on its head (shades here of the minuet), before the quintet ends in a volley of sardonic laughter.

from notes by Richard Wigmore © 2010

Track-specific metadata
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Details for CDA67861/3 disc 3 track 5
Allegro di molto
Artists
ISRC
GB-AJY-10-86305
Duration
10'31
Recording date
18 December 2009
Recording venue
St Paul's Church, Deptford, London, United Kingdom
Recording producer
Andrew Keener
Recording engineer
Simon Eadon
Hyperion usage
  1. Mozart: String Quintets (CDA67861/3)
    Disc 3 Track 5
    Release date: September 2010
    3CDs
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