Hyperion Records

Six Songs from A Shropshire Lad
first performed in their final form on 20 June 1911
author of text
A Shropshire Lad

'Housman: A Shropshire Lad' (CDD22044)
Housman: A Shropshire Lad
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'Vaughan Williams: Songs of Travel; Butterworth: A Shropshire Lad' (CDA67378)
Vaughan Williams: Songs of Travel; Butterworth: A Shropshire Lad
'A Treasury of English Song' (HYP30)
A Treasury of English Song
This album is not yet available for download HYP30  Super-budget price sampler — Deleted  
No 1: Loveliest of trees
No 2: When I was one-and-twenty
No 3: Look not in my eyes
No 4: Think no more, lad
No 5: The lads in their hundreds
Track 24 on CDD22044 CD1 [2'02] 2CDs Dyad (2 for the price of 1)
Track 29 on HYP30 [2'02] Super-budget price sampler Deleted
No 6: Is my team ploughing?

Six Songs from A Shropshire Lad
Critical opinion has generally singled out Butterworth’s settings as the finest among the many composers who were attracted to Housman’s A Shropshire Lad. They were written between 1909 and 1911 and, probably under the influence of Somervell, were initially conceived as a cycle with a loose narrative thread. In this guise nine songs received their premiere in Oxford on 16 May 1911; J Campbell McInnes was the baritone and Butterworth accompanied him. Butterworth must have swiftly changed his mind about the success of the sequence for by the following month it was the Six songs from ‘A Shropshire Lad’ in their published version that were performed in London on 20 June at the Aeolian Hall when McInnes again was the singer and Hamilton Harty accompanied.

It was in Butterworth’s Housman settings that English folksong was wholly and effortlessly absorbed into English art song, and no more so than in the perfection of ‘Loveliest of trees’. Its opening is a brief, magical descending phrase for piano, which seems to encapsulate both the delicacy and transience of the blossom and, by extension, of life itself. This and other snatches of melody in the song, such as the exultant outburst at the end of the first stanza, form the basis of the later orchestral rhapsody.

‘When I was one-and-twenty’ is the only time when Butterworth uses a traditional folk tune in his Housman songs. The young man’s bitter realisation of the folly of spurning the ‘wise’ man’s advice is brilliantly emphasised by a mere one-bar extension of the tune at the conclusion of the song. In ‘Look not in my eyes’ Housman alludes to the myth of Narcissus. It is set to a flowing melody in 5/4 time and has a fine moment of word painting at the end of the first verse where, on the word ‘eyes’, the music literally halts with an arpeggiated chord of C major, epitomising the forbidden long deep gaze. It is contrasted by a devil-may-care rendering of ‘Think no more, lad’, a fine piece of musical irony with a superficially carefree manner that masks the darker undertones of the poem.

A characteristic of the songs is their economy of means, something which is amply demonstrated in ‘The lads in their hundreds’ with its lilting melody, piano ritornello between verses derived from it and spare harmony. Arguably Butterworth’s greatest Housman setting, ‘Is my team ploughing?’ is a conversation between the quick and the dead with melody and harmony that are heart-rending in effect. Irony, once again, is at the heart of the poem where the ghost poses a series of questions to his living friend about his former life and lover. The poignant falling sequence of bare chords uncannily suggests the cold of the grave; by comparison the chords underpinning his friend’s answers course with life. After the chilling last response, side-stepping the truth about the fate of the dead man’s girl, the chords of the ghost fade to end the song in utter bleakness.

from notes by Andrew Burn 2003

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Details for CDD22044 disc 1 track 14
When I was one-and-twenty
Recording date
1 January 1995
Recording venue
Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel, Hampstead, London, United Kingdom
Recording producer
Mark Brown & Graham Johnson
Recording engineer
Antony Howell
Hyperion usage
  1. A Shropshire Lad (CDA66471/2)
    Disc 1 Track 14
    Release date: May 1995
    Deletion date: November 2001
    2CDs Superseded by CDD22044
  2. Housman: A Shropshire Lad (CDD22044)
    Disc 1 Track 14
    Release date: November 2001
    2CDs Dyad (2 for the price of 1)
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