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Prélude, Adagio et Choral varié sur le thème du 'Veni Creator', Op 4

composer
published in 1931

 
The Prélude, Adagio et Choral varié sur le thème du «Veni Creator», Op 4, the first of the three major organ works, opens with the flute stops spinning a fine web of sound based on the opening phrase of the plainsong melody. A reed stop in the pedals announces a contorted version of the second phrase of the plainsong theme. The triplet figure returns on the flute stops before the third phrase of the plainsong is adapted. The reed stop returns before the fluttering opening triplet figure brings the Prélude to a close. A short section marked ‘Lento, quasi recitative’ leads into the Adagio proper which starts in G minor and moves unpredictably to G major before plunging into the key of B flat minor where a darker mood gradually assumes more prominence. This passage may well be Duruflé’s finest for the organ: the music becomes increasingly chromatic and the transition from the opening Adagio to the climax is achieved in the most seamless manner. Finally the Choral which has only been seen through a glass darkly, as it were, is presented in full by the organ, and followed by the four variations.

The first variation is written in four parts. The theme appears in the pedals whilst the right hand plays an elaboration of the theme. The second variation is for manuals only, whilst the third variation is a canon at the interval of the fourth. The final variation is a brilliant toccata, introducing the theme in canon between right hand and pedals. The music winds up to a glorious climax; Duruflé saves his master-stroke for the coda marked ‘tempo poco più vivo’ when he presents the plainsong ‘Amen’ (only hinted at in the organ music until that point) in the pedals on full organ.

from notes by William McVicker © 1990

Né à Louviers, près de Paris, Maurice Duruflé (1902–1986) fut formé à la cathédrale de Rouen et étudia avec Paul Dukas au Conservatoire de Paris avant de tenir l’orgue de Saint-Étienne-du-Mont, de 1930 à 1975. Voulu comme un «affectueux hommage» à Louis Vierne, son Prélude, Adagio et Choral varié sur le thème du «Veni Creator» op. 4 parut en 1931.

extrait des notes rédigées par Relf Clark © 2009
Français: Hypérion

In Louvier bei Paris geboren, erfuhr Maurice Duruflé (1902–1986) seine erste Ausbildung an der Kathedrale von Rouen, studierte bei Paul Dukas am Pariser Conservatoire Komposition und präsidierte 1930–1975 an der Orgel von St.-Étienne-du-Mont. Sein Prélude, Adagio et Choral varié sur le thème du „Veni Creator“, op. 4, wurde 1931 veröffentlicht und ist als „affectueux hommage“ an Louis Vierne gedacht.

aus dem Begleittext von Relf Clark © 2009
Deutsch: Renate Wendel

Recordings

Organ Fireworks, Vol. 13
CDA67734
Duruflé: The Complete Organ Music
CDH55475

Details

Movement 1: Prélude
Movement 2: Adagio
Movement 3: Choral varié
Track 10 on CDH55475 [7'54]
Movement 3a: Choral varié: Theme. Allegro religioso
Track 22 on CDA67734 [1'00]
Movement 3b: Choral varié: Variation 1. Poco meno mosso
Movement 3c: Choral varié: Variation 2. Allegretto
Movement 3d: Choral varié: Variation 3. Andante espressivo
Movement 3e: Choral varié: Variation 4 'Final'. Allegro

Track-specific metadata for CDA67734 track 24

Movement 3c: Choral varié: Variation 2. Allegretto
Artists
ISRC
GB-AJY-09-73424
Duration
0'28
Recording date
2 June 2008
Recording venue
Västerås Cathedral, Sweden
Recording producer
Paul Spicer
Recording engineer
Simon Eadon
Hyperion usage
  1. Organ Fireworks, Vol. 13 (CDA67734)
    Disc 1 Track 24
    Release date: May 2009
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