Not to be confused with the earlier Souvenir d’Andalousie
and Puerto Rico
. Clearly Gottschalk had had an unhappy time in Lima, for his normally high spirits are decidedly subdued with flashes, even, of anger. There is scarcely a bar without a tempo or dynamic indication (‘rubato’, ‘a tempo cantato’, ‘rapido’, ‘agitato brill.’). Perhaps it is not surprising that the mazurka
’s theme (in F minor) should be redolent of Chopin. A second, yearning subject leads to a lively central section (F major) whose dotted rhythm is incorporated into the opening theme on its return. The coda, with echoes of a Hungarian lassù, ends with an abrupt major chord of defiance.
from notes by Jeremy Nicholas © 1994