Hyperion Records

String Quartet No 15 in E flat minor, Op 144
composer
1974

Recordings
'Shostakovich: String Quartets Nos 11, 13 & 15' (CDA67157)
Shostakovich: String Quartets Nos 11, 13 & 15
Buy by post £13.99 (ARCHIVE SERVICE) CDA67157  Archive Service  
'Shostakovich: The Complete String Quartets' (CDS44091/6)
Shostakovich: The Complete String Quartets
CDS44091/6  6CDs Boxed set (at a special price) — Deleted  
Details
Movement 1: Elegy: Adagio
Track 9 on CDA67157 [10'54] Archive Service
Track 9 on CDS44091/6 CD5 [10'54] 6CDs Boxed set (at a special price) — Deleted
Movement 2: Serenade: Adagio
Track 10 on CDA67157 [5'38] Archive Service
Track 10 on CDS44091/6 CD5 [5'38] 6CDs Boxed set (at a special price) — Deleted
Movement 3: Intermezzo: Adagio
Track 11 on CDA67157 [2'02] Archive Service
Track 11 on CDS44091/6 CD5 [2'02] 6CDs Boxed set (at a special price) — Deleted
Movement 4: Nocturne: Adagio
Track 12 on CDA67157 [4'39] Archive Service
Track 12 on CDS44091/6 CD5 [4'39] 6CDs Boxed set (at a special price) — Deleted
Movement 5: Funeral March: Molto adagio
Track 13 on CDA67157 [4'56] Archive Service
Track 13 on CDS44091/6 CD5 [4'56] 6CDs Boxed set (at a special price) — Deleted
Movement 6: Epilogue: Adagio
Track 14 on CDA67157 [6'51] Archive Service
Track 14 on CDS44091/6 CD5 [6'51] 6CDs Boxed set (at a special price) — Deleted

String Quartet No 15 in E flat minor, Op 144
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In his final years, the texts that Shostakovich chose to set, from the Fourteenth Symphony (1969) onwards, are preoccupied by death. In 1965 a heart condition was diagnosed; aggravated by his chain-smoking, his health—never robust—began to deteriorate, until in his final years he became very frail. Such matters must have prompted his preoccupation with his own mortality; in any event he turned more and more to the intimate forms of song-cycle and string quartet, and within those works we can discern a consistently starker, more directly tragic utterance than hitherto. Nowhere is this more clearly to be found than in his final string quartet, the Fifteenth, in the darkly morbid key of E flat minor, and in his last completed work, the Viola Sonata, Op 147.

Shostakovich’s contribution to the string quartet repertoire is one of the most important of any twentieth-century composer—not purely in the number of his works but in the range and undeviating quality of them. Shostakovich’s Fifteenth Quartet is one of the most moving of all his compositions, the most intimate, and of his chamber works the most directly concerned—in so far as such a claim can be made—with death. The profound melancholy of this music is akin to a Requiem—but not necessarily for himself, although when the work was written Shostakovich must have known his time on earth was now limited.

The final quartet comprises six linked Adagio movements: Elegy, Serenade, Intermezzo, Nocturne, Funeral March and Epilogue, and was completed on 17 May 1974; the first performance took place the following October, by the Taneyev String Quartet, in Leningrad. The first performance in Moscow was by the Beethoven Quartet, on 11 January 1975.

The first movement is a sombre and stately meditation on two simple ideas, unhurried and peaceful, which anchor the music irreducibly to E flat minor and which recall chants from the Kontakion. The Serenade opens with twelve searing cries, which recur at intervals in the movement, juxtaposed with equally dramatic outbursts of pizzicato chords and a recitative-like line, before an angular little waltz passes by. Over a deep pedal, the extraordinary Intermezzo now appears: a powerfully dramatic solo violin cadenza erupts, interspersed with tutti references to scraps from the Serenade, before the Nocturne emerges. This is a relatively impressionistic movement, characterised by delicate tracery from second violin and cello through which the viola initially weaves an expressive line. This becomes the basis for much of the movement’s development before a simple march rhythm pushes itself forward, taken up by the entire quartet to begin the Funeral March proper, punctuated with solo lines from the viola, cello and first violin.

This material is also varied, but gradually the passion ebbs from it, and the quietly flickering Epilogue ensues, with fluttering lines oscillating within the texture, interspersed with reminiscences from earlier parts of the work. The fluttering lines gather themselves for a final outburst, and then—very gradually, over a long paragraph—the music, drained of almost all of its fragile energy, at last withdraws into a reposeful acceptance of Fate.

from notes by Robert Matthew-Walker © 2002

Track-specific metadata
Click track numbers opposite to select

Details for CDS44091/6 disc 5 track 13
Funeral March: Molto adagio
Artists
ISRC
GB-AJY-02-15713
Duration
4'56
Recording date
1 January 2001
Recording venue
St Petersburg Recording Studio, Russia
Recording producer
Alexander Gerutsky
Recording engineer
Gerhard Tses
Hyperion usage
  1. Shostakovich: String Quartets Nos 11, 13 & 15 (CDA67157)
    Disc 1 Track 13
    Release date: August 2002
    Deletion date: May 2013
    Archive Service
  2. Shostakovich: The Complete String Quartets (CDS44091/6)
    Disc 5 Track 13
    Release date: January 2006
    Deletion date: April 2010
    6CDs Boxed set (at a special price) — Deleted
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