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Aria Variata 'alla Maniera Italiana', BWV989

composer

 
A work in A minor that appears in the Andreas Bach Book is the Aria Variata ‘alla Maniera Italiana’, BWV989. It probably dates from 1709, so is a relatively early work. In many ways it is similar to the organ chorale partitas (the theme here also has a chordal setting), but there are also things it shares with the ‘Goldberg’ Variations. The aria, for instance, is repeated at the end, although in BWV989 it is not an exact reiteration but rather another variation (the last, No X) with some slight changes. Still, it is moving to return to the mood of the opening, especially after the brilliance of the preceding two variations. Also like the ‘Goldberg’, the variations are based on the harmonic outline rather than on the opening melody. Each variation is in binary form (two sections, both repeated) and often requires some appropriate ornamentation to sustain the interest. Several different versions of the theme exist, the one in the Andreas Bach Book being by far the most richly ornamented. Not wanting to omit that one, yet liking the plainer outline of the theme for its initial statement, I include it on the repeat. There are some extremely wide stretches for the hands (in fact not just wide but impossible), making us think that perhaps it was written for some kind of pedal harpsichord. A few tempo indications have survived, but one in particular is a bit strange (largo for Variation I which seems crazy given the sparse material and rhythmic motive). In the end, musical common sense has to be used.

from notes by Angela Hewitt © 2004

Une œuvre en la mineur figure dans le Recueil Andreas Bach, l’Aria Variata ‘alla Maniera Italiana’, BWV989. Datant probablement de 1709, il s’agit d’une œuvre de la première période. Par bien des égards, elle ressemble aux partitas pour orgue (le thème est également réalisé sous une forme en accords). Par d’autres, elle a beaucoup en commun avec les Variations «Goldberg». L’air, par exemple, est repris à la fin, même si dans BWV989, il ne s’agit pas d’une citation exacte mais plutôt d’une autre variation (la dixième et dernière de l’œuvre). Renouer avec l’atmosphère du début procure cependant une certaine émotion, en particulier à cause du brio des deux variations qui la précèdent. A l’image des Variations «Goldberg», celles-ci sont conçues sur les contours harmoniques plutôt que sur la mélodie initiale. Ecrite sous une forme binaire (deux sections, toutes deux répétées) chaque variation requiert quelques ornementations appropriées pour soutenir l’intérêt. Il existe plusieurs versions différentes du même thème, celle du Recueil Andreas Bach étant la plus richement ornée. Ne voulant pas l’omettre, et aimant par ailleurs les contours plus sobres du thème dans son énoncé initial, j’ai choisi de l’inclure dans la reprise. De très grands écarts sont exigés (frisant parfois l’impossible), ce qui nous a conduit à penser que cette œuvre ait pu être écrite pour une sorte de clavecin à pédalier. Quelques indications de tempo ont survécu. L’une d’entre elles est plus particulièrement étrange (le largo de la Variation I semble totalement déplacé étant donné le matériau épuré et le motif rythmique). En fin de compte c’est le bon sens musical qui a prévalu.

extrait des notes rédigées par Angela Hewitt © 2004
Français: Isabelle Battioni

Ein Werk in a-Moll, das in dem Andreas Bach Buch notiert ist, ist die Aria Variata „alla Maniera Italiana“, BWV989. Es entstand wahrscheinlich 1709 und ist damit ein recht frühes Werk. Es ähnelt den Choral-Partiten für Orgel in vielerlei Hinsicht (das Thema ist auch akkordisch gesetzt), jedoch weist es auch Parallelen zu den Goldberg-Variationen auf. Die Aria wird beispielsweise am Ende wiederholt, obwohl in BWV989 keine wortwörtliche Wiederholung stattfindet, sondern eher eine weitere Variation (die letzte, Nr. X) mit einigen kleinen Veränderungen erklingt. Trotzdem ist es ergreifend, zu der Atmosphäre des Anfangs zurückzukehren, besonders nach den vorangehenden zwei Variationen, die besonders brillant gestaltet sind. Ebenso wie die Goldberg-Variationen basieren diese Variationen eher auf einem harmonischen Gerüst denn einer Anfangsmelodie. Alle Variationen sind zweiteilig (jeder Teil wird jeweils wiederholt) und müssen oft entsprechend verziert werden, um das Interesse aufrecht zu erhalten. Es existieren verschiedene Versionen des Themas, jedoch ist die im Andreas Bach Buch die am meisten ausgeschmückte. Um diese Fassung nicht auszulassen, gleichzeitig jedoch den Anfang schlicht zu halten, habe ich die Version als Wiederholung eingefügt. Beide Hände müssen zuweilen sehr weit gespreizt werden (in Wahrheit nicht nur sehr weit, sondern unmöglich weit), so dass die Vermutung nahe liegt, dass dieses Werk wohl für eine Art Pedal-Cembalo geschrieben wurde. Einige Tempo-Anweisungen sind überliefert, von denen eine jedoch etwas seltsam ist (Largo für die erste Variation, was angesichts des spärlichen Materials und der rhythmischen Motive verrückt scheint). Letztendlich muss ein gesundes, praktisches Musikverständnis angewandt werden.

aus dem Begleittext von Angela Hewitt © 2004
Deutsch: Viola Scheffel

Recordings

Bach: Angela Hewitt plays Bach
CDS44421/3515CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Bach: Fantasia, Aria & other works
CDA67499Archive Service; also available on CDS44421/35
Bach: Goldberg Variations & other works
CKD356Download only
Bach: Fantasia, Aria & other works
This album is not yet available for downloadSACDA67499Super-Audio CD — Deleted

Details

Movement 01: Theme: Aria
Track 3 on CDA67499 [2'15] Archive Service; also available on CDS44421/35
Track 3 on CDS44421/35 CD15 [2'15] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 17 on CKD356 CD2 [2'00] Download only
Track 3 on SACDA67499 [2'15] Super-Audio CD — Deleted
Movement 02: Variation 1: Largo
Track 4 on CDA67499 [1'19] Archive Service; also available on CDS44421/35
Track 4 on CDS44421/35 CD15 [1'19] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 18 on CKD356 CD2 [2'31] Download only
Track 4 on SACDA67499 [1'19] Super-Audio CD — Deleted
Movement 03: Variation 2
Track 5 on CDA67499 [1'19] Archive Service; also available on CDS44421/35
Track 5 on CDS44421/35 CD15 [1'19] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 19 on CKD356 CD2 [1'17] Download only
Track 5 on SACDA67499 [1'19] Super-Audio CD — Deleted
Movement 04: Variation 3
Track 6 on CDA67499 [1'24] Archive Service; also available on CDS44421/35
Track 6 on CDS44421/35 CD15 [1'24] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 20 on CKD356 CD2 [1'10] Download only
Track 6 on SACDA67499 [1'24] Super-Audio CD — Deleted
Movement 05: Variation 4: Allegro
Track 7 on CDA67499 [1'05] Archive Service; also available on CDS44421/35
Track 7 on CDS44421/35 CD15 [1'05] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 21 on CKD356 CD2 [1'12] Download only
Track 7 on SACDA67499 [1'05] Super-Audio CD — Deleted
Movement 06: Variation 5: Un poco allegro
Track 8 on CDA67499 [1'30] Archive Service; also available on CDS44421/35
Track 8 on CDS44421/35 CD15 [1'30] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 22 on CKD356 CD2 [1'03] Download only
Track 8 on SACDA67499 [1'30] Super-Audio CD — Deleted
Movement 07: Variation 6: Andante
Track 9 on CDA67499 [1'56] Archive Service; also available on CDS44421/35
Track 9 on CDS44421/35 CD15 [1'56] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 23 on CKD356 CD2 [2'29] Download only
Track 9 on SACDA67499 [1'56] Super-Audio CD — Deleted
Movement 08: Variation 7: Un poco allegro
Track 10 on CDA67499 [0'55] Archive Service; also available on CDS44421/35
Track 10 on CDS44421/35 CD15 [0'55] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 24 on CKD356 CD2 [0'54] Download only
Track 10 on SACDA67499 [0'55] Super-Audio CD — Deleted
Movement 09: Variation 8: Allegro
Track 11 on CDA67499 [0'48] Archive Service; also available on CDS44421/35
Track 11 on CDS44421/35 CD15 [0'48] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 25 on CKD356 CD2 [0'55] Download only
Track 11 on SACDA67499 [0'48] Super-Audio CD — Deleted
Movement 10: Variation 9
Track 12 on CDA67499 [0'59] Archive Service; also available on CDS44421/35
Track 12 on CDS44421/35 CD15 [0'59] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 26 on CKD356 CD2 [1'01] Download only
Track 12 on SACDA67499 [0'59] Super-Audio CD — Deleted
Movement 11: Variation 10
Track 13 on CDA67499 [2'42] Archive Service; also available on CDS44421/35
Track 13 on CDS44421/35 CD15 [2'42] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 27 on CKD356 CD2 [2'07] Download only
Track 13 on SACDA67499 [2'42] Super-Audio CD — Deleted

Track-specific metadata for CDS44421/35 disc 15 track 5

Movement 3: Variation 2
Artists
ISRC
GB-AJY-04-49905
Duration
1'19
Recording date
5 February 2004
Recording venue
Henry Wood Hall, London, United Kingdom
Recording producer
Ludger Böckenhoff
Recording engineer
Ludger Böckenhoff
Hyperion usage
  1. Bach: Fantasia, Aria & other works (CDA67499)
    Disc 1 Track 5
    Release date: July 2004
    Deletion date: January 2013
    Archive Service; also available on CDS44421/35
  2. Bach: Angela Hewitt plays Bach (CDS44421/35)
    Disc 15 Track 5
    Release date: September 2010
    15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
  3. Bach: Fantasia, Aria & other works (SACDA67499)
    Disc 1 Track 5
    Release date: July 2004
    Deletion date: March 2009
    Super-Audio CD — Deleted
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