Hyperion Records

Hungarian Rhapsodies, S244
composer
circa 1847 to 1885; Nos 1 to 15 published 1853; Nos 16 and 17 1882; Nos 18 and 19 1885

Recordings
'Liszt: The complete music for solo piano, Vol. 57 – Hungarian Rhapsodies' (CDA67418/9)
Liszt: The complete music for solo piano, Vol. 57 – Hungarian Rhapsodies
Buy by post £20.00 CDA67418/9  2CDs  
'Liszt: Complete Piano Music' (CDS44501/98)
Liszt: Complete Piano Music
Buy by post £200.00 CDS44501/98  99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)  
'Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsodies' (APR7040)
Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsodies
APR7040  2CDs Download only  
'Percy Grainger – The complete 78-rpm solo recordings' (APR7501)
Percy Grainger – The complete 78-rpm solo recordings
APR7501  5CDs Download only  
'Arthur de Greef – Solo and concerto recordings' (APR7401)
Arthur de Greef – Solo and concerto recordings
APR7401  4CDs Download only  
'Emil Gilels – Schumann, Beethoven, Liszt & Prokofiev' (APR5663)
Emil Gilels – Schumann, Beethoven, Liszt & Prokofiev
APR5663  Download only  
'Grigory Ginzburg – His early recordings – 1' (APR5667)
Grigory Ginzburg – His early recordings – 1
APR5667  Download only  
'Liszt: Marc-André Hamelin plays Liszt' (CDA66874)
Liszt: Marc-André Hamelin plays Liszt
Buy by post £10.50 CDA66874 
'Gina Bachauer – The first HMV recordings' (APR5643)
Gina Bachauer – The first HMV recordings
APR5643  Download only  
'Simon Barere – His celebrated live recordings at Carnegie Hall, Vol. 2 – 9 March 1947' (APR5622)
Simon Barere – His celebrated live recordings at Carnegie Hall, Vol. 2 – 9 March 1947
APR5622  Download only  
'Alfred Cortot – The Late Recordings, Vol. 4 – Schumann, Schubert, Chopin & Liszt' (APR5574)
Alfred Cortot – The Late Recordings, Vol. 4 – Schumann, Schubert, Chopin & Liszt
APR5574  Download only  
'Irene Scharrer – The complete electric and selected acoustic recordings' (APR6010)
Irene Scharrer – The complete electric and selected acoustic recordings
APR6010  2CDs for the price of 1 — Download only  
'Lev Oborin – Beethoven, Chopin & Liszt' (APR5668)
Lev Oborin – Beethoven, Chopin & Liszt
APR5668  Download only  
'The Piano G & Ts, Vol. 1 – Vladimir de Pachmann, Aleksander Michalowski & Landon Ronald' (APR5531)
The Piano G & Ts, Vol. 1 – Vladimir de Pachmann, Aleksander Michalowski & Landon Ronald
APR5531  Download only  
'Walter Gieseking – The complete Homocord recordings and other rarities' (APR6013)
Walter Gieseking – The complete Homocord recordings and other rarities
APR6013  2CDs for the price of 1 — Download only  
'Liszt: Piano Music' (LISZT1)
Liszt: Piano Music
LISZT1  2CDs Super-budget price sampler — Deleted  
Details
No 01 in E major: Rapsodie hongroise I
Track 1 on CDA67418/9 CD1 [15'13] 2CDs
Track 1 on CDS44501/98 CD33 [15'13] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 1 on APR7040 CD1 [10'22] 2CDs Download only
No 02 in C sharp minor/F sharp major (abridged): Rapsodie hongroise II
Track 15 on APR7501 CD1 [8'16] 5CDs Download only
No 02 in C sharp minor/F sharp major, with cadenza for Toni Raab: Rapsodie hongroise II
Track 2 on CDA67418/9 CD1 [9'31] 2CDs
Track 2 on CDS44501/98 CD33 [9'31] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 13 on LISZT1 CD1 [9'31] 2CDs Super-budget price sampler — Deleted
No 02 in C sharp minor/F sharp major: Rapsodie hongroise II
Track 2 on APR7040 CD1 [7'05] 2CDs Download only
Track 5 on APR7040 CD2 [7'49] 2CDs Download only
Track 14 on APR5668 [8'21] Download only
Track 28 on APR5531 [2'08] Download only
No 03 in B flat major: Rapsodie hongroise III
Track 3 on CDA67418/9 CD1 [5'36] 2CDs
Track 3 on CDS44501/98 CD33 [5'36] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 3 on APR7040 CD1 [4'03] 2CDs Download only
No 04 in E flat major: Rapsodie hongroise IV
Track 4 on CDA67418/9 CD1 [6'02] 2CDs
Track 4 on CDS44501/98 CD33 [6'02] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 4 on APR7040 CD1 [4'20] 2CDs Download only
No 05 in E minor: Rapsodie hongroise V 'Héroïde-élégiaque'
Track 5 on CDA67418/9 CD1 [9'49] 2CDs
Track 5 on CDS44501/98 CD33 [9'49] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 5 on APR7040 CD1 [4'21] 2CDs Download only
No 06 in D flat major/B flat major: Rapsodie hongroise VI
Track 6 on CDA67418/9 CD1 [7'07] 2CDs
Track 6 on CDS44501/98 CD33 [7'07] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 6 on APR7040 CD1 [5'51] 2CDs Download only
Track 8 on APR5663 [6'05] Download only
No 07 in D minor: Rapsodie hongroise VII
Track 7 on CDA67418/9 CD1 [5'41] 2CDs
Track 7 on CDS44501/98 CD33 [5'41] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 7 on APR7040 CD1 [4'33] 2CDs Download only
No 08 in F sharp minor: Rapsodie hongroise VIII
Track 8 on CDA67418/9 CD1 [6'51] 2CDs
Track 8 on CDS44501/98 CD33 [6'51] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 8 on APR7040 CD1 [5'06] 2CDs Download only
No 09 in E flat major: Rapsodie hongroise IX 'Le carnaval de Pest'
Track 9 on CDA67418/9 CD1 [11'53] 2CDs
Track 9 on CDS44501/98 CD33 [11'53] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 9 on APR7040 CD1 [9'22] 2CDs Download only
Track 9 on APR5663 [9'59] Download only
No 10 in E major: Rapsodie hongroise X
Track 1 on CDA67418/9 CD2 [6'08] 2CDs
Track 1 on CDS44501/98 CD34 [6'08] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 10 on APR7040 CD1 [4'46] 2CDs Download only
Track 2 on APR5667 [4'37] Download only
No 11 in A minor/F sharp major: Rapsodie hongroise XI
Track 2 on CDA67418/9 CD2 [5'37] 2CDs
Track 2 on CDS44501/98 CD34 [5'37] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 11 on APR7040 CD1 [4'44] 2CDs Download only
Track 3 on APR5667 [5'23] Download only
Track 4 on APR5574 [4'57] Download only
No 12 in C sharp minor/D flat major (abridged): Rapsodie hongroise XII
Track 19 on APR6010 CD1 [8'00] 2CDs for the price of 1 — Download only
No 12 in C sharp minor/D flat major (second half): Rapsodie hongroise XII
Track 2 on APR7501 CD1 [3'55] 5CDs Download only
No 12 in C sharp minor/D flat major: Rapsodie hongroise XII
Track 3 on CDA67418/9 CD2 [10'22] 2CDs
Track 3 on CDS44501/98 CD34 [10'22] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 7 on APR5622 [8'38] Download only
Track 1 on APR7040 CD2 [7'55] 2CDs Download only
Track 5 on APR5643 [8'28] Download only
Track 16 on APR7501 CD1 [8'30] 5CDs Download only
Track 11 on APR6013 CD1 [7'44] 2CDs for the price of 1 — Download only
Track 6 on APR7401 CD1 [8'23] 4CDs Download only
Track 11 on APR7401 CD2 [8'37] 4CDs Download only
No 13 in A minor: Rapsodie hongroise XIII
Track 4 on CDA67418/9 CD2 [9'20] 2CDs
Track 4 on CDS44501/98 CD34 [9'20] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 2 on APR7040 CD2 [7'22] 2CDs Download only
No 14 in F major: Rapsodie hongroise XIV
Track 5 on CDA67418/9 CD2 [11'25] 2CDs
Track 5 on CDS44501/98 CD34 [11'25] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 3 on APR7040 CD2 [7'01] 2CDs Download only
Track 6 on APR7040 CD2 [8'33] 2CDs Download only
No 15 in A minor: Rapsodie hongroise XV 'Rákóczi-Marsch'
Track 6 on CDA67418/9 CD2 [5'57] 2CDs
Track 6 on CDS44501/98 CD34 [5'57] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 17 on APR7501 CD1 [4'20] 5CDs Download only
No 16 in A minor (second version): Rapsodie hongroise XVI
Track 7 on CDA67418/9 CD2 [5'03] 2CDs
Track 7 on CDS44501/98 CD34 [5'03] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
No 17 in D minor: Rapsodie hongroise XVII
Track 8 on CDA67418/9 CD2 [3'11] 2CDs
Track 8 on CDS44501/98 CD34 [3'11] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
No 18 in F sharp minor (with final version of coda): Rapsodie hongroise XVIII
Track 9 on CDA67418/9 CD2 [3'26] 2CDs
Track 9 on CDS44501/98 CD34 [3'26] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
No 19 in D minor: Rapsodie hongroise XIX d'après les "Csárdás nobles" de K[ornél] Ábrányi [sr]
Track 10 on CDA67418/9 CD2 [9'04] 2CDs
Track 10 on CDS44501/98 CD34 [9'04] 99CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)

Hungarian Rhapsodies, S244
EnglishFrançaisDeutsch
As we have seen (in the Magyar dalok & Magyar rapszódiák, Vol. 29, and the Ungarischer Romanzero, Vol. 52), Liszt made some effort to collect folk material himself. He was also a lifelong admirer of the music of the gypsies, many of whose improvisations were based on composed (and often published) melodies. Liszt’s decision not to distinguish between Hungarian folk music and popular compositions employed by gypsy musicians may not be in line with the spirit of twentieth-century ethnomusicology, but his efforts to promote all the music familiar to him from the land of his birth were as noble as they were honest. Whilst Liszt’s book Les bohémiens et leur musique en Hongrie was somewhat tarnished by the editorial additions of the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, even there he makes a brave attempt to account for the fascination of this music, partly folk-inspired, partly professionally composed, and partly the momentary inspiration of its performers. That book was intended as a preface (!) to the Hungarian Rhapsodies.

There is some very fine literature about the origin of many of the themes employed in the Rhapsodies, but the subject is far too complex to reduce in any meaningful way for inclusion in this introduction. It is gratefully acknowledged the information provided below owes much to Zoltán Gárdony’s excellent article A Chronology of Ferenc Liszt’s Hungarian Rhapsodies (published in English in the 1995 Liszt Society Journal) and to David Clegg’s subsequent Observations on that article (in the 1996 Journal). It should also be borne in mind that some of the themes might well be Liszt’s own, written in the style of melodies which he had heard.

Liszt may have turned his back upon his earlier piano works in the Hungarian style (as can be seen from his annotations in the Thematic Catalogue of his works) but he certainly used much material from the first cycle of Hungarian Songs and Rhapsodies (see Vol. 29) in the Rapsodies hongroises III–XV. (In Volume 29 there is a table listing the thematic connections between the various works.) But the first and second Rapsodies are quite new. All the works bear dedications to important Hungarians of the day (Szerdahelyi, Teleki, Festetics, Kázmér Esterházy, Mme Reviczky, Apponyi, Orczy, Augusz, Egressy), or to musicians with Hungarian interests (Joachim, Ernst, von Bülow). The later works express an even stronger affinity with Hungary: Rhapsodies XVI–XVIII are entirely original compositions in the Hungarian manner, whilst XIX returns to the methods employed in the earlier works, this time citing the origin of the themes. The last four Rhapsodies were all published in Hungary, generally with Hungarian and German titles, and with Liszt’s name in his now-preferred Hungarian style: Liszt Ferenc. Extraordinarily, there are still some modern editions of the Rhapsodies that simply omit the last four (although Peters Edition has recently added them in exchange for the inappropriately included Rapsodie espagnole that originally ended the second volume). As we have previously remarked, Liszt deliberately employed Roman numerals to distinguish this set from the earlier publication, where Arabic numerals were used.

In the present recording, the main texts of the pieces are presented. Various earlier versions and alternative readings will be found in Volume 56. But since Liszt wrote two cadenzas for the second Rhapsody, one of them is included here. The pieces themselves probably need very little introduction: many of them adopt the pattern of the slow first section (lassú) and second fast section (friss) familiar from so much improvised Hungarian music, and yet the variety of expression is astonishing. In the introduction to the volumes of the Rhapsodies in the Neue Liszt-Ausgabe, the editors Zoltán Gárdonyi and Istvan Szelényi make the following important observations: ‘It is not merely for reasons of authenticity that the present new edition is intended to put an end to the various and often completely contradictory interpretations of Liszt’s Hungarian Rhapsodies. To this day these works are principally but erroneously looked upon as more or less trivial products of keyboard literature for the very reason that they use folklore themes and employ them in the style of popular gypsy bands. We have here the reason for the general inaccuracy in performance and the tendency to indulge in vivid though rough showmanship. It is high time that Liszt’s Hungarian folklore studies were placed before interpreters in all their variety and their idiomatic richness. It should be pointed out that in performance, despite all the virtuosity they demand, mere technical bravura should never predominate. If the Hungarian Rhapsodies—apart from the Héroïde élégiaque—have no programme that can be formulated in words, we must not overlook the poetic basis of both their content and their expression.’

from notes by Leslie Howard © 1999

Track-specific metadata
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Details for APR5622 track 7
No 12 in C sharp minor / D flat major: Rapsodie hongroise XII
Artists
ISRC
GB-SAM-00-62207
Duration
8'38
Recording date
9 March 1947
Recording venue
Carnegie Hall, USA
Recording producer
Recording engineer
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