Hyperion Records

Goldberg Variations 'Aria mit verschiedenen Veränderungen', BWV988
composer
published in 1741/2 by Baltasar Schmidt of Nuremberg

Recordings
'Bach & Sitkovetsky: Goldberg Variations' (CDA67826)
Bach & Sitkovetsky: Goldberg Variations
'Bach: Angela Hewitt plays Bach' (CDS44421/35)
Bach: Angela Hewitt plays Bach
MP3 £45.00FLAC £45.00ALAC £45.00Buy by post £50.00 CDS44421/35  15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)  
'Bach: Goldberg Variations & other works' (CKD356)
Bach: Goldberg Variations & other works
MP3 £8.00FLAC £10.00ALAC £10.00 CKD356  Download only  
'Bach: Goldberg Variations' (CDA66589)
Bach: Goldberg Variations
'Bach: Goldberg Variations' (CDA67305)
Bach: Goldberg Variations
'The Essential Hyperion, Vol. 2' (HYP20)
The Essential Hyperion, Vol. 2
This album is not yet available for download HYP20  2CDs Super-budget price sampler — Deleted  
Details
Movement 01: Aria
Track 1 on CDA66589 [4'02]
Track 1 on CDA67305 [4'12]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 1 on CDA67826 [4'15]
Track 1 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [4'12] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 17 on CKD356 CD1 [4'42] Download only
Track 8 on HYP20 CD2 [4'12] 2CDs Super-budget price sampler — Deleted
Movement 02: Variation 1: a 1 Clav.
Track 2 on CDA66589 [1'56]
Track 2 on CDA67305 [1'43]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 2 on CDA67826 [1'46]
Track 2 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [1'43] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 18 on CKD356 CD1 [2'03] Download only
Movement 03: Variation 2: a 1 Clav.
Track 3 on CDA66589 [1'28]
Track 3 on CDA67305 [1'42]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 3 on CDA67826 [1'23]
Track 3 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [1'42] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 19 on CKD356 CD1 [2'20] Download only
Movement 04: Variation 3: Canone all'Unisuono. a 1 Clav.
Track 4 on CDA66589 [2'11]
Track 4 on CDA67305 [2'13]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 4 on CDA67826 [2'01]
Track 4 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [2'13] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 20 on CKD356 CD1 [2'00] Download only
Movement 05: Variation 4: a 1 Clav.
Track 5 on CDA66589 [1'12]
Track 5 on CDA67305 [1'03]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 5 on CDA67826 [1'03]
Track 5 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [1'03] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 21 on CKD356 CD1 [1'17] Download only
Movement 06: Variation 5: a 1 ô vero 2 Clav.
Track 6 on CDA66589 [1'38]
Track 6 on CDA67305 [1'32]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 6 on CDA67826 [1'23]
Track 6 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [1'32] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 22 on CKD356 CD1 [1'57] Download only
Movement 07: Variation 6: Canone alla Secunda. a 1 Clav.
Track 7 on CDA66589 [1'31]
Track 7 on CDA67305 [1'42]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 7 on CDA67826 [1'15]
Track 7 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [1'42] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 23 on CKD356 CD1 [2'01] Download only
Movement 08: Variation 7: a 1 ô vero 2 Clav. Al tempo di Giga
Track 8 on CDA66589 [1'16]
Track 8 on CDA67305 [2'05]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 8 on CDA67826 [2'10]
Track 8 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [2'05] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 24 on CKD356 CD1 [1'50] Download only
Movement 09: Variation 8: a 2 Clav.
Track 9 on CDA66589 [2'10]
Track 9 on CDA67305 [1'54]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 9 on CDA67826 [1'55]
Track 9 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [1'54] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 25 on CKD356 CD1 [2'03] Download only
Movement 10: Variation 9: Canone alla Terza. a 1 Clav.
Track 10 on CDA66589 [1'45]
Track 10 on CDA67305 [1'48]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 10 on CDA67826 [1'35]
Track 10 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [1'48] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 26 on CKD356 CD1 [3'00] Download only
Movement 11: Variation 10: Fughetta. a 1 Clav.
Track 11 on CDA66589 [1'51]
Track 11 on CDA67305 [1'38]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 11 on CDA67826 [1'30]
Track 11 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [1'38] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 27 on CKD356 CD1 [1'51] Download only
Movement 12: Variation 11: a 2 Clav.
Track 12 on CDA66589 [1'23]
Track 12 on CDA67305 [2'07]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 12 on CDA67826 [1'54]
Track 12 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [2'07] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 28 on CKD356 CD1 [2'21] Download only
Movement 13: Variation 12: Canone alla Quarta. a 1 Clav.
Track 13 on CDA66589 [2'31]
Track 13 on CDA67305 [2'34]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 13 on CDA67826 [1'58]
Track 13 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [2'34] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 29 on CKD356 CD1 [3'37] Download only
Movement 14: Variation 13: a 2 Clav.
Track 14 on CDA66589 [2'46]
Track 14 on CDA67305 [4'35]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 14 on CDA67826 [4'39]
Track 14 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [4'35] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 30 on CKD356 CD1 [5'50] Download only
Movement 15: Variation 14: a 2 Clav.
Track 15 on CDA66589 [2'35]
Track 15 on CDA67305 [2'09]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 15 on CDA67826 [2'04]
Track 15 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [2'09] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 31 on CKD356 CD1 [2'29] Download only
Movement 16: Variation 15: Canone alla Quinta. a 1 Clav.
Track 16 on CDA66589 [2'48]
Track 16 on CDA67305 [4'29]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 16 on CDA67826 [3'49]
Track 16 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [4'29] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 32 on CKD356 CD1 [4'40] Download only
Movement 17: Variation 16: Ouverture. a 1 Clav.
Track 17 on CDA66589 [3'12]
Track 17 on CDA67305 [3'11]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 17 on CDA67826 [2'38]
Track 17 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [3'11] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 1 on CKD356 CD2 [3'05] Download only
Movement 18: Variation 17: a 2 Clav.
Track 18 on CDA66589 [2'02]
Track 18 on CDA67305 [2'12]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 18 on CDA67826 [1'59]
Track 18 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [2'12] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 2 on CKD356 CD2 [2'17] Download only
Movement 19: Variation 18: Canone alla Sexta. a 1 Clav.
Track 19 on CDA66589 [1'59]
Track 19 on CDA67305 [1'28]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 19 on CDA67826 [1'30]
Track 19 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [1'28] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 3 on CKD356 CD2 [1'38] Download only
Movement 20: Variation 19: a 1 Clav.
Track 20 on CDA66589 [1'55]
Track 20 on CDA67305 [1'36]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 20 on CDA67826 [1'47]
Track 20 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [1'36] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 4 on CKD356 CD2 [1'49] Download only
Movement 21: Variation 20: a 2 Clav.
Track 21 on CDA66589 [2'06]
Track 21 on CDA67305 [1'53]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 21 on CDA67826 [1'57]
Track 21 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [1'53] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 5 on CKD356 CD2 [2'18] Download only
Movement 22: Variation 21: Canone alla Settima. a 1 Clav.
Track 22 on CDA66589 [4'19]
Track 22 on CDA67305 [2'45]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 22 on CDA67826 [1'57]
Track 22 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [2'45] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 6 on CKD356 CD2 [3'18] Download only
Movement 23: Variation 22: a 1 Clav.
Track 23 on CDA66589 [2'00]
Track 23 on CDA67305 [1'23]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 23 on CDA67826 [1'11]
Track 23 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [1'23] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 7 on CKD356 CD2 [1'31] Download only
Movement 24: Variation 23: a 1 Clav.
Track 24 on CDA66589 [2'40]
Track 24 on CDA67305 [2'09]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 24 on CDA67826 [1'55]
Track 24 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [2'09] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 8 on CKD356 CD2 [2'22] Download only
Movement 25: Variation 24: Canone all'Ottava. a 1 Clav.
Track 25 on CDA66589 [2'20]
Track 25 on CDA67305 [3'03]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 25 on CDA67826 [2'34]
Track 25 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [3'03] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 9 on CKD356 CD2 [3'48] Download only
Movement 26: Variation 25: a 2 Clav.
Track 26 on CDA66589 [7'45]
Track 26 on CDA67305 [7'54]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 26 on CDA67826 [7'11]
Track 26 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [7'54] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 10 on CKD356 CD2 [7'08] Download only
Movement 27: Variation 26: a 2 Clav.
Track 27 on CDA66589 [2'32]
Track 27 on CDA67305 [2'00]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 27 on CDA67826 [1'59]
Track 27 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [2'00] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 11 on CKD356 CD2 [4'01] Download only
Movement 28: Variation 27: Canone alla Nona. a 2 Clav.
Track 28 on CDA66589 [2'11]
Track 28 on CDA67305 [1'55]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 28 on CDA67826 [1'57]
Track 28 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [1'55] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 12 on CKD356 CD2 [2'08] Download only
Movement 29: Variation 28: a 2 Clav.
Track 29 on CDA66589 [3'06]
Track 29 on CDA67305 [2'17]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 29 on CDA67826 [2'34]
Track 29 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [2'17] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 13 on CKD356 CD2 [2'44] Download only
Movement 30: Variation 29: a 1 ô vero 2 Clav.
Track 30 on CDA66589 [2'47]
Track 30 on CDA67305 [2'18]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 30 on CDA67826 [2'22]
Track 30 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [2'18] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 14 on CKD356 CD2 [2'12] Download only
Movement 31: Variation 30: Quodlibet. a 1 Clav.
Track 31 on CDA66589 [2'35]
Track 31 on CDA67305 [2'08]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 31 on CDA67826 [1'57]
Track 31 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [2'08] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 15 on CKD356 CD2 [2'04] Download only
Movement 32: Aria da capo
Track 32 on CDA66589 [2'22]
Track 32 on CDA67305 [2'40]
arranger
1985; to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Bach's birth; dedicated to the memory of Glenn Gould

Track 32 on CDA67826 [4'18]
Track 32 on CDS44421/35 CD13 [2'40] 15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
Track 16 on CKD356 CD2 [4'48] Download only

Goldberg Variations 'Aria mit verschiedenen Veränderungen', BWV988
EnglishFrançaisDeutsch
At the outset we hear the Aria; the G major Sarabande 3/4 from ‘Anna Magdalena’s Notebook’ (see above). This has an elaborate treble line, already a variation above the bass. Tovey observed of the Aria: ‘Its phrasing is as uniform as a chess-board; and if its harmonies had not a one-to-one correspondence with each variation, the form would be lost.’

Variation 1 3/4 is a duet with a quaver figure in the left hand, a semiquaver in the right, and the two interchanged. Rosalyn Tureck sees it as ‘an archway’ to the subsequent unfolding of Bach’s vast, expressive structure. With Variation 2 2/4 Bach introduces a delicate three-part cantabile; the upper parts pursuing a imitative dialogue, at variance with the bass line.

Variation 3 becomes the first of Bach’s canons; his canon on the unison 12/8. A trio with even-handed upper parts; these voices cross paths and through the bass its harmony is kept in motion. A constant overlapping of entries characterizes the ensuing four-part 3/8 fugal discourse with a sole three-note figure and its inversion.

The next, extrovert 3/4 duet called for two keyboards ‘a 1 Clav’ and ‘a 2 Clav’ as Bach originally dictated (Balthasar and Schmid) in his reference to the seperate manuals. A bouyant variation with frequent crossing of hands.

Variation 6. At the Canon on the second 3/8 we are on serene territory while upper discords resolve naturally to a third against a striding bass.

There follows a thematic duet 6/8; Bach’s sole variation in the manner of a binary gigue; commonly an animated fourth movement of the classical French-style suite.

Variation 8—yet another duet 3/4, originally assigned to the second manual. The first pair of statements are eventually inverted.

Bach’s ‘Canon in the third’ 4/4 is an essay in consonance with the bass more unconstrained, yet still making regular reference to the original harmony.

Variation 10 is a four-part fughetta 2/2. The four-part bass theme reminds us plainly of Bach’s harmonic starting point.

More outwardly virtuosic duet writing 2/2 characterizes Variation 11.

With the Canon in the fourth 3/4 entries are re-ordered and themes capriciously inverted in the latter half. Here the inversion is as clear and expressive as its original form. Bach must have smiled inwardly at his tacit, jestful approach to the prevailing formal structure.

In his embellished aria for Variation 13 Bach proceeds 3/4 with a rich, lyrical upper statement and the lower accompanying voices doubled; its style is ornamental throughout.

The 14th Variation is an outgoing duet calling for dazzling fingerwork 3/4. Each of four statements is eventually inverted.

With the Canon in the fifth and inversion 2/4 the work has deepened and a more elegiac note appears. This more sober, strongly emotional, chromatic writing finishes not on the conventional tonic, as one might expect, but on the fifth; ascending as one commentator remarks ‘into silence’.

Variation 16 is a bold, massive, French-style overture 2/2, still in binary form and generally regarded as Bach’s preparatory nod toward part two of the Aria and Variations. In strict form, as introduced by Lully (1685), the variation opens with dotted rhythms and ends with an accelerated fugue, in this instance the 3-part fughetta 2.

A straightforward yet highly complex duet 3/4 forms Variation 17.

It is followed by Bach’s Canon in the sixth 2/2. As the canonic parts move in sixths with the pause of a minim, accents of the upper parts are reversed. Resulting suspended discords give variation 18 a distinctive harmonic ‘thumbprint’. The polyphony is further ‘clarified’ and the Variation’s original bass also evident within the canonic lines.

In the trio 3/8 of Variation 19 brief figures (quaver and semiquaver) are periodically interchanged as the Variation progresses.

Bach’s duets become increasingly virtuosic as Variation 20 demonstrates. This one 3/4 has fast semiquaver triplets in two of its three sets of figures.

Canon in the seventh. A gentle, contemplative mood 4/4 is established as the closely-spaced parts succeed one another.

Variation No 22 is a four-part fugue 2/2; its guileless motif builds up with inexorable, structural splendour to full, ringing chords.

An exuberant, comic duet 3/4 with dashing double third and double sixth figures; Variation 23 includes tongue-in-cheek mordents and sobriety is cast to the winds.

Canon in the octave 9/8. This rural theme and answer proceeds with an aura of timelessness, while the melody moves to adjacent notes.

Variation 25: this highly charged G minor Variation 3/4 is a powerful, profoundly tragic utterance. A further embellished aria: the brilliant, chromatic bass structure and the unusually specific treble melody interact with unsettling intensity, almost threatening tonal stability.

Bach combines both duet and trio 3/4 in his 26th Variation. A two-part Sarabande is woven around with coursing triplet figurations.

Here, with the final Canon in the ninth 6/8 the bass is silent; the mood relaxed.

Both No 28 3/4 and the following Variation anticipate the work’s conclusion. Here the part-writing is supplanted in part by complex two-part embellishments. Karl Geiringer notes that this Variation and No 29 appear to anticipate a nineteenth-century style of keyboard writing.

With the penultimate Variation excitement is further heightened in chord sequences and fleet-fingered one-part passages.

Variation 30. At this point we might reasonably expect to discover a canon at the 10th. Instead Bach confounds and delights with his Quodlibet, a divertissement on popular tunes, rounding off the work in a genuine mood of humour and congeniality. It recalls the social fun enjoyed by the Bach family and their friends. The principal quodlibet tunes are German folksongs: ‘I have not been with you for so long’ and ‘Cabbage (Kraut) and turnips (Ruben) have driven me away’. The German saying ‘Durcheinander wie Kraut und Rüben’ can also mean ‘in complete confusion’ and some commentators believe this more idiomatic translation is clear evidence of Bach’s own (intentional) hearty laughter when recollecting the complexity of all that precedes his quodlibet.

Beneath the fugal treatment of these folk tunes Bach returns to his original bass. In doing so he leads listeners back to that generating Aria, the life source from whence these encompassing Variations stemmed and to which they now return. Finally, via immeasurable complexities, their wellspring is enhanced and re-invested with a profound, affirmative sense of renewal. For many listeners these closing sequences are the work’s most surpassing.

from notes by Howard Smith © 1992

Track-specific metadata
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Details for CDS44421/35 disc 13 track 7
Movement 7: Variation 6: Canone alla Secunda. a 1 Clav.
Artists
ISRC
GB-AJY-99-30507
Duration
1'42
Recording date
1 September 1999
Recording venue
Henry Wood Hall, London, United Kingdom
Recording producer
Ludger Böckenhoff
Recording engineer
Ludger Böckenhoff
Hyperion usage
  1. Bach: Goldberg Variations (CDA30002)
    Disc 1 Track 7
    Release date: October 2010
    Deletion date: June 2012
    Hyperion 30th Anniversary series — Superseded by CDA67305
  2. Bach: Goldberg Variations (CDA67305)
    Disc 1 Track 7
    Release date: March 2000
  3. Bach: Angela Hewitt plays Bach (CDS44421/35)
    Disc 13 Track 7
    Release date: September 2010
    15CDs Boxed set (at a special price)
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