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Sechs Lieder aus Jucunde, Op 23

composer
19–21 June 1853
author of text

 
The poet Hermann Rollett (1819-1904) was a native of Baden bei Wien and the son of a doctor. In his reminiscences, Begegnungen (‘Meetings’), he claims that on his way to school as a six-year-old in 1825 he caught a glimpse of Beethoven. At the age of ten he was often in the presence of Mendelssohn during one of that composer’s visits to Vienna. There are other names where the connections were more concrete: Schubert’s poetess Karoline Pichler was a patient of Rollett’s father and the aspiring poet came to know Grillparzer well. He also became a friend of the painter Moritz von Schwind (who illustrated one of Rollett’s poems) and one wonders whether the discussion ever turned to Schubert, one of the few Viennese eminences whom Rollett did not claim to have known. He travelled to Germany in 1844 and made contact with Justinus Kerner in Weinsburg whom he revered (Schumann’s Kerner Liederreihe, Op 35, is recorded in Volume 2 of this Hyperion Edition).

As a young man Rollett was a left-winger, a fiery advocate of press freedom and an opponent of Metternich. Such works as Kampflieder and Republikanisches Liederbuch (both 1848) would have made him a sympathetic figure to the Schumanns; it is perhaps for this reason that his novel Jucunde was welcomed into their household where the composer’s verdict on the poems therein was ‘sehr musikalische Gedichte’. During the 1840s the poet became less and less comfortable in his native land. Eventually he was forced to flee Austria and lived for a while as a so-called censorship-refugee in Germany. It was in Weimar in 1846 that he made the acquaintance of Hans Christian Andersen and Jenny Lind as they visited the graves of Goethe and Schiller. (His impressions of Andersen, whom he likened to a tall poppy in appearance, are sympathetic and forgiving of his egocentricities.) In 1851 he moved to Switzerland (where he came into contact with Wagner) and in 1854 returned to his home city where he was eventually appointed to a post as archivist of the city’s museums and lived out a life as a cultural historian, novelist and poet. He failed to achieve lasting fame and died in straitened circumstances.

From Schumann’s Haushaltbuch it appears that as early as December 1852 he possessed a copy of Rollet’s Jucunde, a novel with poetry in the manner of Mörike’s Maler Nolten. As this predates the work’s first edition we must assume that, as in the case of the Geibel poems, the composer must have been the recipient of an advance copy from the publisher anxious to encourage the musical settings which would add to the work’s circulation. The poet’s correspondence with the composer dates from the end of 1853 when Rollett was still living in Switzerland. He read in a newspaper that ‘Schumann’ had recently completed a cycle on texts taken from Jucunde; he wrote immediately to the composer in Düsseldorf enquiring about the rumour. Schumann answered saying that there was indeed a new cycle of Rollett settings bearing his surname, but that the songs had been written by Clara, and that he would have been pleased with the songs even if their composer had not been his wife. At the same time he expressed a warm interest in Rollett’s work for his own purposes and asked for a ‘Ballade’ from the poet’s hand. Rollett replied with a ten-strophe shocker, Der schwedische Reiter (‘The Swedish Rider’) a macabre and melodramatic tale of no great literary worth.

According to Rollett, Schumann replied in two letters almost at the same time: the first was polite and grateful, the second bluntly rude and dismissive about the ballad. The poet was confused by the mixture of charm and vehemence. Some weeks after this exchange he read that Schumann had thrown himself into the Rhine in a suicide attempt. Rollett wrote, self-importantly, that he was worried that the content of this ballad, ‘probably the last poem that the composer busied himself when in possession of his senses’, might have exacerbated Schumann’s nervous condition.

In December 1856 Clara Schumann visited Vienna and it was then that Rollett met her for the first time (although he claimed to have been her admirer from afar when she had given Klavierabende in Vienna in the late 1830s). She had been widowed in July and he felt awkward about discussing her husband. It was on this occasion that she presented him with a signed copy of her Sechs Lieder aus Jucunde (published in the preceding January) with an inscription to the ‘esteemed poet with friendly remembrances’. The cycle itself is dedicated to Livia Frege, the same soprano and family friend who had sung the Op 40 songs to Hans Andersen during his visit to Dresden.

from notes by Graham Johnson © 2002

Recordings

Schumann: Songs
CDH55275Archive Service
Schumann: The Complete Songs, Vol. 6 – Geraldine McGreevy, Stella Doufexis, Adrian Thompson & Stephan Loges
CDJ33106Download currently discounted

Details

No 1: Was weinst du, Blümlein
Track 16 on CDJ33106 [1'59]
Track 10 on CDH55275 [1'53] Archive Service
No 2: An einem lichten Morgen
Track 17 on CDJ33106 [3'18]
Track 11 on CDH55275 [2'55] Archive Service
No 3: Geheimes Flüstern hier und dort
Track 18 on CDJ33106 [4'01]
Track 12 on CDH55275 [3'56] Archive Service
No 4: Auf einem grünen Hügel
Track 19 on CDJ33106 [2'32]
Track 13 on CDH55275 [2'48] Archive Service
No 5: Das ist ein Tag, der klingen mag
Track 20 on CDJ33106 [1'15]
Track 14 on CDH55275 [0'59] Archive Service
No 6: O Lust, o Lust
Track 21 on CDJ33106 [1'49]
Track 15 on CDH55275 [1'42] Archive Service

Track-specific metadata for CDA67249 track 10

Was weinst du, Blümlein
Artists
ISRC
GB-AJY-02-24910
Duration
1'53
Recording date
25 November 2000
Recording venue
Henry Wood Hall, London, United Kingdom
Recording producer
Mark Brown
Recording engineer
Tony Faulkner
Hyperion usage
  1. Schumann: Songs (CDA67249)
    Disc 1 Track 10
    Release date: January 2002
    Deletion date: April 2005
    Superseded by CDH55275
  2. Schumann: Songs (CDH55275)
    Disc 1 Track 10
    Release date: March 2007
    Deletion date: January 2014
    Archive Service
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