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Thekla 'Eine Geisterstimme', D595

First line:
Wo ich sei, und wo mich hingewendet
composer
Second setting. November 1817; published in December 1827 as Op 88 No 2
author of text

 
Schubert's first attempt at this poem of Wallenstein's daughter answering questions about her eternal dwelling (D73, Volume 1) is a marvel of imaginative freedom, an inspired recitative, astonishing for a sixteen-year-old boy. He retumed to the text four years later with very different ideas. In both versions we sense an attempt to depict the timelessness appropriate to the utterance of a spirit. In 1813 he had achieved this by making the voice part timeless in the sense that it is to be more or less freely sung. In the second version it is the use of a ground bass and unashamed repetition (as in Der Doppelgänger, another song about a ghostly presence) which evokes the spirit's litany. Schubert's harmonic sequence bears an uncanny resemblance to the ground known as 'La Folia'. In France this is known as 'Folie d'espagne' and in England 'Farinelli's ground'. Schubert might well have heard this hypnotic harmonie sequence from his erstwhile teacher Salieri. The 'Folia' ground always underpins a type of saraband in 3/4 time, and, in common with each of Thekla's sung phrases, is eight bars long. It may well be that in using a seventeenth-century ground Schubert is attempting to place the music of Thekla in the authentic seventeenth-century context of Wallenstein and the Piccolimini of Schiller's plays. If this were so it would be one of the composer's uses of historical pastiche — Didone abbandonata is another. (For more information about Thekla's story, see the commentary to Des Mädchens Klage — Volume 7). The use of so ancient a musical device is in any case appropriate to depict Thekla's heavenly locale — as old as time itself — Uralt, as the Germans say. The vocal line veers between the minor and the major but is limited to a range of a fourth. The effect of these high-lying and repetitious phrases (extremely tiring for any singer) is somewhat bizarre and unearthly, which was Schubert's intention exactly. We feel we are in the hushed atmosphere of a seance. At the Hohenems Festival, Arleen Auger performed this song offstage and from a balcony. It made the type of dramatic effect which would have gone down well at one of the composer's Schubertiads, before the Liederabend had hardened into its present, less playful, form.

from notes by Graham Johnson © 1990

Recordings

Schubert: The Complete Songs
CDS44201/4040CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Schubert: The Hyperion Schubert Edition, Vol. 9 – Arleen Auger
CDJ33009Archive Service; also available on CDS44201/40
Schubert: The Hyperion Schubert Edition, Vol. 11 – Brigitte Fassbaender
CDJ33011Archive Service; also available on CDS44201/40

Details

Track 11 on CDJ33009 [5'35] Archive Service; also available on CDS44201/40
Track 2 on CDS44201/40 CD20 [5'35] 40CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
Track 9 on CDJ33011 [4'07] Archive Service; also available on CDS44201/40

Track-specific metadata for CDJ33009 track 11

Artists
ISRC
GB-AJY-91-00911
Duration
5'35
Recording date
18 October 1989
Recording venue
Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel, Hampstead, London, United Kingdom
Recording producer
Mark Brown
Recording engineer
Antony Howell
Hyperion usage
  1. Schubert: The Hyperion Schubert Edition, Vol. 9 – Arleen Auger (CDJ33009)
    Disc 1 Track 11
    Release date: January 1991
    Deletion date: October 2012
    Archive Service; also available on CDS44201/40
  2. Schubert: The Complete Songs (CDS44201/40)
    Disc 20 Track 2
    Release date: October 2005
    40CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
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