Hyperion Records

Sehnsucht, D123
First line:
Was zieht mir das Herz so?
composer
published in 1842 in volume 37 of the Nachlass
author of text

Recordings
'Schubert: The Complete Songs' (CDS44201/40)
Schubert: The Complete Songs
MP3 £130.00FLAC £130.00ALAC £130.00Buy by post £150.00 CDS44201/40  40CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)  
'Schubert: The Hyperion Schubert Edition, Vol. 12 – Adrian Thompson' (CDJ33012)
Schubert: The Hyperion Schubert Edition, Vol. 12 – Adrian Thompson
MP3 £5.25FLAC £5.25ALAC £5.25Buy by post £5.25 CDJ33012  Please, someone, buy me …  
Details
Track 18 on CDJ33012 [3'17] Please, someone, buy me
Track 10 on CDS44201/40 CD4 [3'17] 40CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)

Sehnsucht, D123
Between An Laura and this song, Schubert had written Gretchen am Spinnrade on 19 October 1814. A lesser composer, once he had found a seam of gold, would have attempted to continue to mine it. But with Schubert's response to texts, there is never a formula, much less a winning one; even the name Goethe was not the 'Open, Sesame' to stockpile of flawless jewels. It so happened that Schubert had found the perfect solution to the problem of how to weave Gretchen, her predicament and her spinning wheel into a seamless unity. With other poems he was less lucky. His failures are always honourable (to call them failures at all is only to judge them by the standards of the acknowledged masterpieces) and it is always interesting to see what he was aiming at as, in Capell's words, 'he hesitated, he experimented, he fumbled.' It is well known that Goethe mistrusted composers who would allow their musical fancies to detract from his poems. This setting of Sehnsucht is a demonstration of what Goethe feared most about music's power to submerge his lyrics, and it is significant that it was not included in the consignments of songs later sent to the poet in an effort to interest him in Schubert's Lieder.

When Schubert makes a recitative out of Matthisson's Trost. An Elisa, few would bemoan the fact that stilted classical metre has been swept aside in favour of 'staging' the poem effectively. But when the lively, breathless, culminative impact of Goethe's anapaestic rhythm for Sehnsucht is vitiated by Schubert's stop-go alternation between recitative, aria and piano interlude, there is valid cause for complaint. This is a text which Beethoven surely got right in his setting of 1810, and Schubert seems to have gone to great lengths to try something different. It may be that Schubert simply found the internal rhythm of the poem too relentless for comfortable musical expression, and was doing his best to take some of the wind out of its sails; it has a type of passionate bluster which is more of a Beethovenian than a Schubertian phenomenon. It also cannot be denied that some of Schubert's pictures and episodes within the song are charmingly done: the swift flight of the ravens in verse 2, and the corresponding music for the flowing brook in the second half of Verse 4 give some intimation of how the song may have been set as an enchanting moto perpetuo. The interlude for the singing bird (Verse 3) is in some ways admirable (the poem after all mentions lingering and listening, and we are made to do both), but its music-box effect adds an arch touch of eighteenth-century bergerette to what is in fact a tempestuously romantic poem. The interlude for the setting sun (an image more charmingly and economically handled in Adelaide) kills stone dead any culminative rhythmic impetus the piece may have had, yet the poet's shining star is made to reverberate in empty space with the simplest and most telling of musical means. Also excellent is the depiction of astonishment in the last verse—it is a fragment of a slow waltz, and the gradual return to the rumbustious tempo which closes the piece with the poet throwing himself at his beloved's feet in a precipitous downward scale. But there is just too much lavish musical detail throughout the song to enable Goethe's poem to achieve the inevitable onrushing sweep which its metre demands.

from notes by Graham Johnson 1991

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