Hyperion Records

Die Vögel, D691
First line:
Wie lieblich und fröhlich
composer
March 1820; first published by C A Spina in 1865 as No 6 of Sechs Lieder
author of text

Recordings
'Schubert: The Complete Songs' (CDS44201/40)
Schubert: The Complete Songs
MP3 £130.00FLAC £130.00ALAC £130.00Buy by post £150.00 CDS44201/40  40CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)  
'Schubert: The Hyperion Schubert Edition, Vol. 27 – Matthias Goerne' (CDJ33027)
Schubert: The Hyperion Schubert Edition, Vol. 27 – Matthias Goerne
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £13.99 (ARCHIVE SERVICE) CDJ33027  Archive Service; also available on CDS44201/40  
Details
Track 10 on CDJ33027 [1'03] Archive Service; also available on CDS44201/40
Track 5 on CDS44201/40 CD23 [1'03] 40CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)

Die Vögel, D691
This is a delightful little tune in 3/8 time, so full of inevitable Schubertian singability and charm that to question how the composer manages to spin out a melody of this kind would be like asking the birds how they fly in the heavens. The answer they would give us (if they managed to converse with us as Schlegel might have imagined) is 'Some can, and some can't!' Birds are bird-brained, and their harmonic vocabulary is not large; however, within their own parameters they are kings and, to reflect this, Schubert proves that he is king of the Ländler, as highly prized for his dance music by his toe-tapping young friends as for his Lieder. The composer has given the birds a village dance of this kind because they have all the advantages and limitations of the rural life: they are unselfconsciously beautiful creatures with little intellectual versatility; they think anyone who is not like them is stupid, in the same way the countryman pities the town-dweller, who in turn dismisses him as part of a lesser species. In their innocence, and happiness in their own environment, with a complete lack of concern for more complicated matters, the birds are both wonderfully healthy and incredibly complacent.

Schubert follows suit, for however much we adore this song we would not wish him to compose like this all the time. We know how Schumann used the Ländler form in 3/8 in Es ist ein Flöten und Geigen from Dichterliebe to paint the earthbound musical banalities of village life, and it is part of Schubert's wry humour to point out that a flock of birds is as clannish and self-satisfied as the common herd of humanity. This song is also prophetic of another wryly comic Lied, Des Antonius von Padua Fischpredigt where Mahler parodies Ländler commonplaces in order to underline that fishy behaviour is not confined to the deep; he was a master of the sinister and even brutal overtones of country life as expressed through the banalities of popular music. The modern listener who thinks of Alfred Hitchcock's film The Birds might be persuaded to find a hint of menace behind the very Austrian charm of this song, for unalloyed sweetness is sometimes a sign of danger in Vienna. The exploration of the darker side of Austrian Gemütlichkeit intensified as the nineteenth century grew older, but in the setting of Täuschung from Winterreise, another Ländler, Schubert shows us that he too understood how tragedy can be played out to the accompaniment of a lilting waltz.

Of course here, as always, Schubert responds to the text in his peerless way. Words like 'lieblich', 'fröhlich' and 'singen' flit from branch to branch; but 'schweben' floats on one note as if gliding on an air current. Thus the shape of a tune is decided by verbal images. The notes of the next phrase are almost an exact repeat, apart from 'Erde' which jumps the octave instead of staying in the same tessitura, and 'blicken' which answers the upward inflection of 'singen' with a downward lilt. This surge upwards followed by a dropping interval conjures the image of a vantage point high in the sky: our ears are musically directed to follow the birds' gaze earthward. We may be sure that this sort of mastery was second nature to our composer, and that he scarcely rated these felicities as anything special. In the middle section the birds look down on mankind in every sense. Schlegel undoubtedly knew The Birds of Aristophanes, where the eponymous high-flyers pity men as 'dwellers by nature in darkness … poor plumeless ephemerals'. The human race is thick-headed, and we hear this in the droning left-hand open fifths under 'Die Menschen sind töricht'. (Goethe talks of 'der stumpfe Bursche' - 'the dull lad' - in Der Musensohn and we meet the species again here.) This music is also appropriate for the lamenting tone in the following phrase, the accented passing note of 'jammern' (an E major chord crushed by a passing A sharp) illustrative of a human moan, and a complete contrast to 'flattern gen Himmel' which is not weighed down by an extraneous accidental and is thus free to float, as light as air. The hunter makes an appearance (one is reminded of Der Jäger by Brahms which is also a dance of this kind) but there is no minor key to imply the danger of being shot. These birds take the prospect of death as lightly as life itself. As in Der Schmetterling we feel that the implacable dance rhythm behind the music is the composer's means of depicting on-going rituals which are governed by instinct rather than morality. In human terms, the birds might be thieves, the butterfly a promiscuous roué. But Nature has ordained it thus, and accordingly there is no sign of regret, guilt, fear or sadness in these charming songs.

from notes by Graham Johnson © 1996

Track-specific metadata
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Details for CDJ33027 track 10
Artists
ISRC
GB-AJY-95-02710
Duration
1'03
Recording date
11 March 1995
Recording venue
Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel, Hampstead, London, United Kingdom
Recording producer
Mark Brown & Martin Compton
Recording engineer
Tony Faulkner & Antony Howell
Hyperion usage
  1. Schubert: The Hyperion Schubert Edition, Vol. 27 – Matthias Goerne (CDJ33027)
    Disc 1 Track 10
    Release date: November 1996
    Deletion date: March 2012
    Archive Service; also available on CDS44201/40
  2. Schubert: The Complete Songs (CDS44201/40)
    Disc 23 Track 5
    Release date: October 2005
    40CDs Boxed set + book (at a special price)
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