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Cantique de Jean Racine, Op 11

composer
1865; dedicated to César Franck
author of text
Roman Breviary
translator of text

 
The Cantique de Jean Racine was Fauré’s graduation exercise at the École Niedermeyer. It is remarkable that it was written by a student who was only twenty years old, and it is just as well for the École Niedermeyer’s reputation that the Cantique earned Fauré a ‘premier prix’ (a first-class mark). The listener is immediately greeted by a melody that encapsulates everything that is great about Fauré’s best music. First, the tune is fundamentally vocal and its contours generate a line that continues for longer than seems possible, yet still remaining coherent and with direction. And secondly, the intimate romanticism of the melody creates its own resonant textures. Ultimately this student piece (although it stands well enough on its own) marks the starting point for those choral melodies in the Requiem which last that bit longer than the ear expects them to, yet which never outstay their welcome; particularly those of the Kyrie, Agnus Dei, and In paradisum.

from notes by Jeremy Summerly © 2017

Bien qu’il ne fût pas publié avant 1876, c’est le Cantique de Jean Racine qui valut à Gabriel Fauré le premier prix de composition de l’école Niedermeyer, à Paris, en 1865. L’original était pour chœur et orgue, mais il fut suivi d’une version pour chœur, harmonium et quintette à cordes en 1866, et Fauré orchestra l’accompagnement en 1906. On y retrouve son style sobrement dévotionnel avec une mélodie qui, si elle convient parfaitement à un traitement vertical, se prête également à l’imitation contrapuntique. Le poème de Racine, datant du XVIIe siècle, est une traduction de plusieurs hymnes tirés du bréviaire catholique.

extrait des notes rédigées par Wadham Sutton © 1993
Français: Jean-Paul Metzger

Obgleich es erst 1876 veröffentlicht wurde, war es das Cantique de Jean Racine, für das Gabriel Fauré 1865 den ersten Preis für Komposition der École Niedermeyer in Paris erhielt. Das Original war für Chor und Orgel, es folgte jedoch 1866 eine Fassung für Chor, Harmonium und Streichquartett und 1906 orchestrierte Fauré die Begleitung. Die Musik ist typisch für seinen leisen, devoten Stil mit einer fließenden Melodie die sich, obgleich sie ausgezeichnet für Akkorddarstellung geeignet ist, genauso für eine Kontrapunkt-Imitation anbietet. Racines aus dem siebzehnten Jahrhundert stammendes Gedicht ist eine Übersetzung von Hymnen aus dem römischen Brevier.

aus dem Begleittext von Wadham Sutton © 1993
Deutsch: Heidi Kerschl

Recordings

Fauré: Requiem & other sacred music
CDA6820927 October 2017 Release
Fauré: Requiem & other choral works
CDA30008Hyperion 30th Anniversary series
Fauré: Requiem & other sacred music
CDA66292
Fauré: Requiem & other sacred music
CSCD520Download only
Fauré: Requiem & other choral works
Studio Master: KGS0005Download onlyStudio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
Panis angelicus
CDA66669

Details

Track 20 on CDA68209 [5'10] 27 October 2017 Release
Track 8 on CDA30008 [6'05] Hyperion 30th Anniversary series
Track 8 on CDA66292 [6'05]
Track 17 on CDA66669 [5'42]
Track 12 on CSCD520 [6'40] Download only
Track 10 on KGS0005 [5'44] Download only

Track-specific metadata for CDA66669 track 17

Artists
ISRC
GB-AJY-93-66917
Duration
5'42
Recording date
15 June 1993
Recording venue
St Jude-on-the-Hill, Hampstead Garden Suburb, London, United Kingdom
Recording producer
Mark Brown
Recording engineer
Antony Howell
Hyperion usage
  1. Panis angelicus (CDA66669)
    Disc 1 Track 17
    Release date: November 1993
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