Hyperion Records

Piano Sonata in C minor, Hob XVI:20
composer
1771; published in 1780 by Artaria of Vienna; dedicated to Franziska and Maria Katherina von Auenbrugger

Recordings
'Haydn: Piano Sonatas, Vol. 3' (CDA67882)
Haydn: Piano Sonatas, Vol. 3
MP3 £7.99FLAC £7.99ALAC £7.99Buy by post £10.50 Studio Master: FLAC 24-bit 96 kHz £12.00ALAC 24-bit 96 kHz £12.00 CDA67882  2CDs for the price of 1   Studio Master FLAC & ALAC downloads available
Details
Movement 1: Moderato
Track 1 on CDA67882 CD2 [10'52] 2CDs for the price of 1
Movement 2: Andante con moto
Track 2 on CDA67882 CD2 [8'02] 2CDs for the price of 1
Movement 3: Finale: Allegro
Track 3 on CDA67882 CD2 [6'22] 2CDs for the price of 1

Piano Sonata in C minor, Hob XVI:20
EnglishFrançaisDeutsch
Although the autograph bears the date 1771, Haydn withheld publication of the famous C minor Sonata, No 20, until 1780, when it appeared as the last, and by far the most challenging, of the set dedicated to the Auenbrugger sisters. With its abrupt dynamic contrasts, this is the first of Haydn’s keyboard works conceived essentially in terms of a touch-sensitive instrument—either the clavichord or the new fortepiano—rather than the harpsichord. Its expansive scale and virtuoso demands are unprecedented in Haydn’s sonatas before the 1790s, while its tragic intensity is matched in his keyboard music only by the F minor Variations of 1793. This is Haydn’s ‘Appassionata’. The first movement—whose elegiac main theme in parallel thirds and sixths Brahms perhaps subconsciously recalled in his song of a dying girl, Immer leiser wird mein Schlummer—combines soulful Empfindsamkeit, Sturm und Drang turbulence and argumentative rigour. Haydn enhances the music’s poignancy with passages of ‘speaking’ recitative, like heartfelt oratory.

The Andante con moto, in A flat major, unfolding over an expressive running bass line, is another Haydn slow movement with a distinct Baroque flavour. But with its textural complexity and wide harmonic reach it inhabits a different world from the earlier sonatas. Constant syncopations give the music a restless, yearning edge, rising to passion in the mounting sequences that sweep the music into the recapitulation. The finale, written against the background of a fast minuet, has a latent despairing fury that becomes manifest towards the end. Mingling violence and virtuosity, Haydn here expands a brief toccata-like sequence in an astounding crossed-hands passage, with the left hand touching the extremes of the contemporary five-octave keyboard.

from notes by Richard Wigmore © 2012

Track-specific metadata
Click track numbers opposite to select

Details for CDA67882 disc 2 track 2
Andante con moto
Artists
ISRC
GB-AJY-12-88219
Duration
8'02
Recording date
29 August 2011
Recording venue
Henry Wood Hall, London, United Kingdom
Recording producer
Andrew Keener
Recording engineer
Simon Eadon
Hyperion usage
  1. Haydn: Piano Sonatas, Vol. 3 (CDA67882)
    Disc 2 Track 2
    Release date: June 2012
    2CDs for the price of 1
Show: MP3 FLAC ALAC
   English   Français   Deutsch