Hyperion Records

Western Wynde Mass
composer
author of text
Ordinary of the Mass

Recordings
'Tye: Missa Euge bone & Western Wynde Mass' (CDA67928)
Tye: Missa Euge bone & Western Wynde Mass
Buy by post £10.50 CDA67928 
'The Tallis Scholars sing Tudor Church Music, Vol. 1' (CDGIM209)
The Tallis Scholars sing Tudor Church Music, Vol. 1
Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM209  2CDs for the price of 1  
'Taverner, Tye & Sheppard: Western Wynde Mass' (CDGIM027)
Taverner, Tye & Sheppard: Western Wynde Mass
Buy by post £11.75 CDGIM027 
Details
Movement 1: Gloria
Movement 2: Credo
Movement 3: Sanctus and Benedictus
Movement 3a: Sanctus
Movement 3b: Benedictus
Movement 4: Agnus Dei
Movement 4a: Agnus Dei I
Movement 4b: Agnus Dei II
Movement 4c: Agnus Dei III

Western Wynde Mass
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Tye’s Western Wynde Mass is one of three surviving English Masses based on the same monophonic song (the other two are by John Taverner and John Sheppard). The song’s avowedly secular text (‘Western wind, when wilt thou blow? The small rain down can rain, Christ, if my love were in my arms, and I in my bed again!’) is exactly the kind of Mass model that The Council of Trent found inappropriate at its debates concerning sacred music in the early 1560s. It is not certain which of the three Western Wynde Masses appeared first, although it would not have been Sheppard’s. Tye’s setting clearly complements Taverner’s, and it is generally assumed that Taverner’s Mass was the original. Where Taverner’s cantus firmus migrates between three of the four voice parts, Tye presents the melody exclusively in the alto part—the very one that Taverner chose not to use. And Taverner’s fivefold ascending melodic ostinato in the bass part of the opening of the Sanctus is matched by a sixfold descending melodic ostinato in the bass part of Tye’s Sanctus (both encompassing exactly the same range of a tenth). Both settings were written in the second half of King Henry VIII’s reign, and Tye’s setting contains some decidedly antique devices, which makes it possible (though far from probable) that Tye’s setting was chronologically the earlier. Among these devices is the late-medieval cadential formula at the end of the Osanna to the Sanctus, where the bass part leaps up an octave to arrive above the tenor, the first-inversion phrase ending at ‘miserere nobis’ in the Gloria, and the busily syncopated writing at the ‘qui venit’ section of the Benedictus which is reminiscent of the style of the late-fifteenth-century Eton Choirbook. But Tye’s interrupted subdominant cadence makes three appearances (to indicate the end of the bass ostinato in the Sanctus, at ‘gloria tua’ in the Sanctus, and halfway through the third and final Agnus Dei)—an indication that Tye had, by this stage, formulated his own modus operandi. The English cadence also makes two appearances (at ‘unigenitum’ in the Credo, and at ‘peccata mundi’ in Agnus Dei II), and a unique submediant cadence (in later classical harmony the archetypal form of interrupted cadence) colours the end of the Benedictus before the start of its Osanna.

from notes by Jeremy Summerly © 2012

Track-specific metadata
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Details for CDGIM027 track 5
Gloria
Artists
ISRC
GB-ADM-93-00006
Duration
7'44
Recording date
Recording venue
Salle Church, Norfolk, United Kingdom
Recording producer
Steve C Smith & Peter Phillips
Recording engineer
John Fredericks & Philip Hobbs
Hyperion usage
  1. Taverner, Tye & Sheppard: Western Wynde Mass (CDGIM027)
    Disc 1 Track 5
    Release date: September 1993
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