Movement 1: Allegro
Movement 2: Adagio 'In the Solemn Style'
Movement 3: Allegro con spirito
The three finales in this set are all good-natured rondos, with the sort of home-spun rhythmically regular themes associated with this form. The reviewer for the Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung, a leading German musical journal, commented:
The one thing, in our opinion, that could be criticized in these sonatas is the indulgence in a mannerism that has recently become the fashion in England: the imitation of bagpipes—which, as we know, is the favourite and almost the only instrument of the Scots. Haydn too, in one of the most recent of his symphonies composed in London, has taken up this sort of burlesque. But such things should be introduced very cautiously, and (more importantly) very seldom. In this connection we may take note particularly of the third movement of the third sonata; it contrasts peculiarly with the beautiful preceding Allegretto …
This critic was put off by the 32-bar main theme of the rondo of the third sonata, all over an unmovable tonic D in the bass. But here Clementi aimed for a very special effect: he marked those 32 bars ‘open pedal’, such that the tonic chord, together with hugely dissonant sounds, are all enveloped in an atmospheric haze—one of the more successful, surely, of his experiments with this kind of texture. During the following decade Beethoven repeatedly indicated a similar use of the pedal, as in the ‘Moonlight’, ‘Tempest’, and ‘Waldstein’ sonatas, and in the Third Piano Concerto.
from notes by Leon Plantinga © 2010