After opera and national airs, Chopin turned to folk dance for his third work for piano and orchestra, composed in the same year (1828) as the ‘Polish potpourri’. The Rondo à la krakowiak
in F major Op 14 is the only work of Chopin explicitly in this Polish dance form (although as we have seen the finale of the E minor Concerto resembles it). The krakowiak is a lively dance in 2/4 time, indigenous to the region around Kraków (Cracow). Like its predecessors, it is a sparkling display piece though here the orchestral role is more telling. Though he played it frequently after its composition, Chopin seems never to have returned to it after leaving Poland.
from notes by Jeremy Nicholas © 2008