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Sextet, Op 47

composer

 
Lennox Berkeley wrote this work in 1955 for the Melos Ensemble. The first performance was given in the same year. The first of the three movements has a clear sonata-form layout with two well-defined and contrasting themes. Typically, the accompanying lines are busy from the start, the emphasis being on a contrapuntal platform for the melody which, as might be expected, tends to be given to the clarinet or horn. One of the main points of interest in this movement is, indeed, the interplay of the string parts which often provide a foretaste of, or cast a new light on, the solo wind line above.

The slow movement opens with the spotlight on the strings. A fugato builds to a passionate climax, only for the clarinet and horn to enter in duet with their own more florid material. The fugato returns, the timing of the string entries halved to one bar’s distance to provide time to develop the wind and string ideas in harness.

The finale has the shape and nature of a rondo. Whereas in the first movement it was the wind instruments that took the lead, here it is the strings that initiate the melodic impetus and changes of mood. Indeed, it is the remarkable variety of texture obtained from the strings that gives light and shade to the movement. A coda, in which the metre alternates between 5/8 and 3/4, closes the work in fine, rousing style.

from notes by James Rushton 1983

Recordings

Berkeley: A Centenary Tribute
CDH55135Archive Service

Details

Movement 1: Allegro moderato
Track 8 on CDH55135 [6'15] Archive Service
Movement 2: Lento
Track 9 on CDH55135 [6'20] Archive Service
Movement 3: Allegro
Track 10 on CDH55135 [4'22] Archive Service

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