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Piano Trio in G major 'Gypsy Rondo', Hob XV:25
1795; No 39; dedicated to Rebecca Schroeter

'Haydn: Piano Trios Nos 38-40' (CDA66297)
Haydn: Piano Trios Nos 38-40
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'Haydn: Piano Trios, Vol. 1' (CDA67719)
Haydn: Piano Trios, Vol. 1
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Movement 1: Andante
Movement 2: Poco adagio
Movement 3: Finale 'Rondo all' Ongarese': Presto

Piano Trio in G major 'Gypsy Rondo', Hob XV:25
In H C Robbins Landon’s majestic series of volumes on Haydn, there is an engraving of a parade in the courtyard of Eszterháza Castle, celebrating the installation of Prince Anton Esterházy as Governor of the County of Oedenburg, on 3 August 1791. Prominently featured is a group of gypsy musicians, with their violins low on their chests in traditional style. Haydn spent most of his working life at Eszterháza, which was in Hungary, and he would regularly have heard gypsy and Hungarian folk music. He often brought touches of it into his own works, and the Piano Trio in G major Hob XV:25 is the most famous example. Its finale incorporates a number of gypsy tunes, including ‘Recruiting Dances’ (verbunkos). Austrian army officials used to engage groups of gypsy musicians to attract peasants to the recruiting posts with dance-tunes, and Haydn was one of the first composers to weave these into his music. He wrote this trio during the final weeks of his second visit to England in 1795, and its first edition was a great success. The effect of this finale is made all the more striking because it follows two very gentle movements. The first is a set of variations which alternate between major and minor (one of Haydn’s favourite procedures). The second movement is a Poco adagio with, in its central section, a particularly lovely melody for the violin. The cellist Pablo Casals used to take over the repeat of this melody from the violin—a delightful alteration that would not be allowed today.

from notes by Robert Philip © 2009

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Details for CDA66297 track 4
Recording date
31 January 1988
Recording venue
Seldon Hall, Haberdashers' Aske's School, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom
Recording producer
Mark Brown
Recording engineer
Antony Howell
Hyperion usage
  1. Haydn: Piano Trios Nos 38-40 (CDA66297)
    Disc 1 Track 4
    Release date: July 1989
    Archive Service
1.Audio tour Neues Palais: Potsdam, Germany, Permanent Collection
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